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Wireless Transceiver Architecture: Bridging RF and Digital Communications

ISBN: 978-1-118-87482-0
752 pages
December 2014
Wireless Transceiver Architecture: Bridging RF and Digital Communications (111887482X) cover image


A fully comprehensive reference combining digital communications and RFIC (Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits) in one complete volume

There are many books which focus on the physical implementation of the RF/analog part of transceivers, such as the CMOS design, or the signal processing involved in digital communications. However, there is
little material dedicated to transceiver architecture and system design. Similarly, much of the existing literature looks at concepts useful for dimensioning, yet offers little practical information on how to proceed for dimensioning a line-up from scratch, and on the reasons for proceeding that way. This book redresses the balance by explaining the architecture of transceivers and their dimensioning from the perspective of a RFIC architect from within industry. It bridges the gap between digital communication systems and radiofrequency integrated circuit design, covering wireless transceiver architecture and system design from both system level and circuit designer aspects.

• Covers digital communication theory, electromagnetism theory and wireless networks organization, from theories to implementation, for deriving the minimum set of constraints to be fulfilled by transceivers

• Details the limitations in the physical implementation of transceivers to be considered for their dimensioning, in terms of noise, nonlinearity, and RF impairments

• Presents transceiver architecture and system design in terms of transceivers budgets, transceivers architectures, and algorithms for transceivers

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Table of Contents

Foreword ix

Glossary xiv

I Somewhere between Maxwell and Shannon 1

Chapter 1. The digital communications point of view 3

1.1 Bandpass signal representation 4

1.2 Bandpass noise representation 36

1.3 Digital modulations examples 48

1.4 First transceivers architecture 73

Chapter 2. The Electromagnetism point of view 79

2.1 Free space radiation 79

2.2 Conducted propagation 107

2.3 The propagation channel 126

Chapter 3. The wireless standards point of view 161

3.1 Medium access strategies 161

3.2 Metrics for transmitters 169

3.3 Metrics for receivers 187

II Implementation limitations 205

Chapter 4. Noise 207

4.1 Analogue electronic noises 208

4.2 Noisy devices characterization 211

4.3 LO phase noise 259

4.4 Linear EVM 294

4.5 Quantization noise 298

4.6 Analogue vs. digital worlds conversions 322

Chapter 5. Nonlinearity 345

5.1 Smooth AM-AM conversion 346

5.2 Hard AM-AM conversion 440

5.3 AM-PM conversion, memory effect 449

5.4 Baseband devices 464

Chapter 6. RF Impairments 467

6.1 Frequency conversion 468

6.2 Gain and phase imbalance 489

6.3 Mixers implementation 508

6.4 Frequency planning 540

6.5 DC offset, LO leakage 548

III Transceivers dimensioning  553

Chapter 7. Transceivers budgets 555

7.1 Considered transceiver architecture 556

7.2 Budgeting a transmitter 557

7.3 Budgeting a receiver 599

Chapter 8. Transceivers architectures 661

8.1 Transmitters 661

8.2 Receivers 717

Chapter 9. Algorithms for transceivers 735

9.1 Transmit side 735

9.2 Receive side 774

Appendix 1. Correlations 799

Appendix 2. Stationarity 809

Appendix 3. Moments of normal random vectors 815

Bibliography 821

Index 829

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Author Information

Pierre Baudin received his MSc degree in radiocommunications from the École Supérieure d’Électricité (Supélec) in 1994. He then served as a microwave R&D engineer working on electromagnetic stealth problems for the Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique during military service. In 1995 he joined Thomson-CSF (now part of Thales) as an antenna designer working on antenna modeling, antenna array synthesis and signal processing for antenna arrays. In 2000 he joined STMicroelectronics, and then Renesas Electronics in 2007 (Renesas Mobile Corporation since 2010) to work as a RFIC and RF system architect in charge of multimode systems for cellular applications. He is now working as a consultant.
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