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Automated Transit: Planning, Operation, and Applications

ISBN: 978-1-118-89100-1
224 pages
October 2016, Wiley-IEEE Press
Automated Transit: Planning, Operation, and Applications (1118891007) cover image

Description

A comprehensive discussion of automated transit

This book analyzes the successful implementations of automated transit in various international locations, such as Paris, Toronto, London, and Kuala Lumpur, and investigates the apparent lack of automated transit applications in the urban environment in the United States.

The book begins with a brief definition of automated transit and its historical development. After a thorough description of the technical specifications, the author highlights a few applications from each sub-group of the automated transit spectrum. International case studies display various technologies and their applications, and identify vital factors that affect each system and performance evaluations of existing applications. The book then discusses the planning and operation of automated transit applications at both macro and micro levels. Finally, the book covers a number of less successful concepts, as well as the lessons learned, allowing readers to gain a comprehensive understanding of the topic.

Key features:

  • Provides a thorough examination of automated transit applications, their impact and implications for society
  • Written by the committee chair for the Automated Transit Systems Transportation, Research Board
  • Offers essential information on planning, costs, and applications of automated transit systems
  • Covers driverless metros, automated LRT, group and personal rapid transit,  a review of worldwide applications
  • Includes capacity and safety guidelines, as well as vehicles, propulsion, and communication and control systems

This book is essential reading for engineers, researchers, scientists, college or graduate students who work in transportation planning, engineering, operation and management fields.

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Table of Contents

FOREWORD xi

PREFACE xiii

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xv

ABBREVIATIONS xvii

1 INTRODUCTION 1

1.1 Automated Transportation / 2

1.2 Automated Transit / 4

1.3 Individual Modes of Automated Transit Family / 8

1.3.1 Automated Guideway Transit / 8

1.3.2 Automated Bus / 14

1.3.3 Automated Personal Transit / 15

2 HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT 23

2.1 Conceptual Initiations: 1960s and Prior / 23

2.2 Pilot Demonstrations: 1970s-1980s / 27

2.3 Applications in Confined Environments: 1990s-2000s / 32

2.4 Multipolar Development: New Millennium and Beyond / 36

2.4.1 Exponential Growth of Driverless Metros / 36

2.4.2 Steady Expansion of APM Systems / 39

2.4.3 Emergence of PRT Applications / 39

3 TECHNOLOGY SPECIFICATIONS 47

3.1 Vehicles / 48

3.2 Guideway / 51

3.3 Propulsion and System Power / 52

3.4 Communications and Control / 53

3.5 Stations and Platforms / 55

3.6 Maintenance and Storage Facilities / 58

4 APPLICATIONS 63

4.1 Driverless Metro in Paris / 64

4.1.1 Clean Slate of Automation: Line No. 14 / 64

4.1.2 Conversion from Manual to DLM: Paris Metro Line No. 1 / 67

4.2 Automated LRT in Singapore / 70

4.3 Detroit Downtown People Mover / 72

4.4 Automated People Movers in Las Vegas / 74

4.5 Dallas-Fort Worth Airport APM / 79

4.6 AirTrain at JFK Airport / 80

4.7 Morgantown Group Rapid Transit / 81

4.8 Ultra PRT at Heathrow International Airport / 84

5 CHARACTERISTICS OF AUTOMATED TRANSIT APPLICATIONS 89

5.1 System Characteristics / 89

5.1.1 Physical Layouts / 90

5.1.2 Scale of Systems / 94

5.2 Operating Characteristics / 96

5.2.1 Operating Strategies / 97

5.2.2 Station Operations / 99

5.2.3 System Capacity / 101

5.3 Financial Characteristics / 103

5.3.1 Capital Investment / 104

5.3.2 Operating Expenses / 107

5.3.3 Life Cycle Cost / 110

6 ASSESSMENT OF AUTOMATED TRANSIT PERFORMANCES 115

6.1 System Performance / 115

6.2 Reliability / 119

6.3 Safety and Security / 126

6.3.1 Safety Records for Automated Guideway Transit / 126

6.3.2 Comparison with Other Guideway Transit / 129

6.4 Cost-Effective Analysis / 133

7 PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS 139

7.1 Public Policy / 142

7.1.1 Research / 142

7.1.2 Design Standards / 143

7.1.3 National Policy / 144

7.2 Long-Range Transportation Planning / 145

7.2.1 Trip Generation / 147

7.2.2 Trip Distribution or Destination Choice Module / 148

7.2.3 Mode and Occupancy Choice Module / 149

7.2.4 Trip Assignment Module / 150

7.3 Operations Planning / 151

8 BUSINESS MODELS FOR AUTOMATED TRANSIT APPLICATIONS 157

8.1 Public Owner and Operator / 159

8.2 Private Owner and Operator / 162

8.3 Public and Private Partners / 166

9 LESSONS LEARNED 173

9.1 Driving Can Be Replaced / 174

9.2 Public Policy: A Double-Edged Sword / 175

9.3 Design Matters / 177

9.4 Demonstration Projects are Needed / 178

10 FUTURE DIRECTIONS 181

10.1 Grow Automated Transit Applications / 182

10.2 Create New Mode / 183

10.3 Conduct Further Research / 185

10.4 Sponsor Demonstration Projects / 187

10.5 Develop Performance Measures / 188

10.6 Encourage Diverse Business Models / 189

10.7 Gather Public Support / 191

INDEX 197

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Author Information

Dr. Rongfang Liu is a transportation professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT).  Dr. Liu's research interests include Intermodal and Multimodal Transportation Planning and Engineering, Operation Research and Network Simulations, and transportation safety performance analyses. Dr. Liu is actively participating in various professional organizations and service activities. Since 2008, she has been the Chair of AP040 Committee: Automated Transit Systems, Transportation Research Board, and National Academy of Science. She was also the President of NACOTA (2006-2008), a federally registered non-profit organization for Chinese Overseas Transportation Professionals. Dr. Liu has authored and edited eight books, published more than 30 referred journal papers and book chapters, and made more than a hundred presentations in the transportation field. She is a registered professional engineer (PE) as well as a certified planner (AICP).

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Reviews

"The author, a member of the TRB Standing Committee on Automated Transit Systems, provides a thorough examination of automated transit applications, their impacts, and implications for society and offers information on planning, costs, and applications of automated transit systems."(TR NewsJanuary 2017)

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