Pathways to Adulthood for Disconnected Young Men in Low-Income Communities: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, Number 143
April 2014, Jossey-Bass
As the chapters in this volume demonstrate, young, disadvantaged men from urban neighborhoods face a unique set of challenges and constraints as they transition to adulthood. Yet, these challenges are not always contained by place.
Research among Latino and White disadvantaged men in nonurban settings highlights the pressures that come along with fatherhood for disadvantaged men. In contrast to popular understandings of absent or disengaged fathers, findings reveal how fatherhood and increasing levels of interdependence during early adulthood can buffer men as they make the difficult transition to adulthood. The innovative field-based research featured in this volume illuminates the contexts, processes, and meanings in life pathways for disadvantaged men as they move from adolescence into adulthood and should help to inform policies and practices directed at minimizing their marginalization from mainstream society.
This is the 143rd volume in this series. Its mission is to provide scientific and scholarly presentations on cutting edge issues and concepts in child and adolescent development. Each volume focuses on a specific new direction or research topic and is edited by experts in that field.
Kevin Roy, Nikki Jones
Increased economic inequality has created precarious pathways to adulthood for young disadvantagedmen. This introductory chapter explains how unequal social arrangements shape transitions to adulthood for young disadvantaged men and highlights the contributions of each chapter to this important discussion.
2. Taking Boys Out of the Hood: Exile as a Parenting Strategy
for African American Male Youth 11
Joseph B. Richardson, Jr., Mischelle Van Brakle, Christopher St. Vil
For poor African American parents with low levels of social capital, the solution to saving the lives of young African American males is moving them out of the context of inner-city poverty. The authors explain the origins and implications of exile as a parenting strategy.
3. “The Regular Routine”: Proactive Policing and
Adolescent Development Among Young, Poor Black Men 33
New targeted policing practices are the latest incursion contributing to a system that has sent more and more low-income young men to prisons. The author considers how the entrenchment of the criminal justice system in distressed urban neighborhoods shapes the life space of young men as they transition to adulthood.
4. Growing Up as “Man of the House”: Adultification
and Transition Into Adulthood for Young Men in Economically
Disadvantaged Families 55
Kevin Roy, Lauren Messina, Jocelyn Smith, Damian Waters
Young men in economically disadvantaged families often take on adult responsibilities and expectations at early ages. The authors explain how young men make sense of these accelerated pressures and illustrate the later-life consequences of adultification as these men transition to adulthood.
5. Fathers’ Accounts of Struggle and Growth in Early
Adulthood: An Exploratory Study of Disadvantaged Men 73
Richard A. Settersten, Jr., Jack K. Day, Doris Cancel-Tirado, Debra Minar Driscoll
Examining the experiences of disadvantaged Latino and White fathers in nonurban settings, the authors show how fatherhood can create new struggles and provide opportunities for growth. In some cases, fatherhood can serve as a gateway to adult development for these disadvantaged men.