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Mastering Microsoft Azure Infrastructure Services

ISBN: 978-1-119-00327-4
384 pages
April 2015
Mastering Microsoft Azure Infrastructure Services (111900327X) cover image

Description

Understand, create, deploy, and maintain a public cloud using Microsoft Azure

Mastering Microsoft Azure Infrastructure Services guides you through the process of creating and managing a public cloud and virtual network using Microsoft Azure. With step-by-step instruction and clear explanation, this book equips you with the skills required to provide services both on-premises and off-premises through full virtualization, providing a deeper understanding of Azure's capabilities as an infrastructure service. Each chapter includes online videos that visualize and enhance the concepts presented in the book, and access to a Windows app that provides instant Azure updates and demonstrates the process of going from on-premises to public cloud via Azure. Coverage includes storage customization, connectivity, virtual networks, backing up, hybrid environments, System Center management, and more, giving you everything you need to understand, evaluate, deploy, and maintain environments that utilize Microsoft Azure.

  • Understand cost, options, and applications of Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
  • Enable on- and off-premises connectivity to Azure
  • Customize Azure templates and management processes
  • Exploit key technologies and embrace the hybrid environment

Mastering Microsoft Azure Infrastructure Services is your total solution.

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Table of Contents

Introduction xvii

Chapter 1 The Cloud and Microsoft Azure 101 1

Understanding the Cloud (or Why Everyone Should Play Titanfall) 1

Introducing the Cloud 2

Microsoft Azure 101 11

Microsoft Azure Compute 12

Microsoft Azure Data Services 14

Microsoft Azure App Services 15

Reliable vs. Best-Effort IaaS 16

Getting Access to Microsoft Azure 17

Free Azure Trials and Pay-as-You-Go 18

Azure Benefits from MSDN Subscriptions 19

Azure Open Licensing 21

Enterprise Enrollments for Azure 21

Increasing Azure Limits 25

The Bottom Line 26

Chapter 2 When to Use IaaS: Cost and Options 29

Understanding Why an Organization Wants IaaS in the Public Cloud 29

On-premises Costs 30

Azure Costs 32

Comparing the Costs and Evaluating Solutions 33

Understanding Costs, Options, and Licensing 35

Creating VMs in Azure 41

Using the Legacy Azure Portal 41

Using the Preview Azure Portal 47

Other Ways to Interact with Azure 54

Azure IaaS-Supported Configurations 57

Understanding Azure Architecture 61

Azure Regions 61

Server Structure in Azure 63

The Bottom Line 64

Chapter 3 Customizing VM Storage 65

Basic Virtual Machine Storage 65

Understanding Types of VM Storage 65

Using Storage Accounts and Types of Replication 74

Caching in Azure Storage 79

Large and High-Performance Volumes 80

Using Disks and Images 84

Leveraging Azure Files 85

Azure Storage 101 86

Azure Storage Architecture 87

Interacting with Azure Storage .88

Performing a Bulk Import/Export 91

Understanding StorSimple 91

The Bottom Line 93

Chapter 4 Enabling External Connectivity 95

Cloud Services 95

Cloud Service Basics 95

Using a Virtual IP 102

Dynamic IP Addresses 106

Using Endpoints and Load Balancing 109

Endpoint Basics 110

Creating Endpoints 112

Deleting Endpoints 114

Endpoint Access Control Lists 115

Instance-Level IP Addresses 116

Load-Balanced Sets 117

Internal Load-Balanced Sets 120

The Bottom Line 122

Chapter 5 Using Virtual Networks 123

Virtual Network Basics 123

A Very Brief History of the Affinity Group 123

Virtual Networks 101 125

Creating a Virtual Network 127

Adding a VM to a Virtual Network 131

Reserved IP for VM 134

Configuring DNS 136

Using Multiple Network Adapters 137

Network Security Groups 138

The Bottom Line 142

Chapter 6 Enabling On-Premises Connectivity 143

Using S2S Virtual Private Networks 143

S2S VPN Basics 143

Creating an S2S Gateway 146

Azure Gateway Internals and Maximum Speed 152

Enabling a High-Performance VPN Gateway 155

Using Forced Tunneling 156

Connecting a Virtual Network to Multiple On-Premises Gateways 158

Virtual Network–to–Virtual Network Connectivity 160

Using Point-to-Site Virtual Private Networking 162

Using ExpressRoute 164

ExpressRoute Fundamentals 164

Using an ExpressRoute Exchange Provider 164

Using an ExpressRoute Network Service Provider 166

ExpressRoute Key Points 167

The Bottom Line 168

Chapter 7 Extending AD to Azure and Azure AD 171

Using Active Directory Domain Services in Azure 171

Making Active Directory Available in Azure 171

Active Directory Site Configuration 174

Placing a Domain Controller in Azure 178

Active Directory Federated Services in Azure 183

Azure Active Directory 184

Why Do You Need Azure AD? 184

What Is Azure AD? 187

Obtaining Azure AD 188

Connecting to Azure AD 191

Using Azure AD 194

The Bottom Line 199

Chapter 8 Setting Up Replication, Backup, and Disaster Recovery 201

The Need for Disaster Recovery and DR Basics .201

Planning for Disaster Recovery 201

Asynchronous vs. Synchronous Replication 205

Planning for Service Protection 206

Orchestrating Failover with Azure Site Recovery 210

ASR Version 1, Hyper-V Recovery Manager 211

Replicating to Azure with ASR 212

OS-Level Replication with InMage Scout 215

Other Supported Technologies 217

Enabling Hyper-V VM Protection to Azure with ASR 218

Licensing of Azure Site Recovery 222

Migrating VMs to Azure 222

Backing Up to Azure 223

The Bottom Line 226

Chapter 9 Customizing Azure Templates and PowerShell Management 227

Using Availability Sets and Autoscale 227

Availability Set Basics 227

Using Availability Sets 231

Understanding and Configuring IaaS Autoscale 235

Managing Azure with PowerShell 238

Obtaining the Azure PowerShell Modules 238

Configuring Azure PowerShell for Your Azure Subscription 239

Useful PowerShell in Azure 243

Other Azure Interface Options 247

VM and Template Management 247

Maintaining VMs in Azure 248

Using the Azure VM Agent 250

Moving VMs to Azure 256

Creating New VM Images 258

JSON and the Future of Templates 259

The Bottom Line 263

Chapter 10 Managing Hybrid Environments with System Center 265

Looking Beyond the Azure Portal 265

Introduction to System Center 266

System Center Configuration Manager 269

System Center Virtual Machine Manager and App Controller 269

System Center Operations Manager 271

System Center Data Protection Manager 272

System Center Service Manager and System Center Orchestrator 272

Implementing a Private Cloud 275

Enabling a Single Pane of Glass 283

Buying the Cloud Platform System 289

The Bottom Line 290

Chapter 11 Completing Your Azure Environment 291

Azure Websites 291

Azure Traffic Manager 297

Azure Automation 300

Azure Scheduler 306

Azure RemoteApp 307

Azure AD Application Proxy 309

Azure Operational Insights 311

The Bottom Line 313

Chapter 12 What to Do Next 315

Understanding and Addressing Azure Barriers 315

Building Trust 316

Understanding Risks for Azure 316

Data Encryption in Azure 324

Why You Should Use Azure and Getting Started 326

Understanding Azure’s Place in the Market 327

First Steps with Azure IaaS 329

The Bottom Line 332

Appendix The Bottom Line 333

Chapter 1: The Cloud and Microsoft Azure 101 333

Chapter 2: When to Use IaaS: Cost and Options 334

Chapter 3: Customizing VM Storage 335

Chapter 4: Enabling External Connectivity 336

Chapter 5: Using Virtual Networks 337

Chapter 6: Enabling On-Premises Connectivity 337

Chapter 7: Extending AD to Azure and Azure AD 338

Chapter 8: Setting Up Replication, Backup, and Disaster Recovery 339

Chapter 9: Customizing Azure Templates and PowerShell Management 340

Chapter 10: Managing Hybrid Environments with System Center 340

Chapter 11: Completing Your Azure Environment 341

Chapter 12: What to Do Next 342

Index 345

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Author Information

John Savill is a technical specialist who focuses on Microsoft core infrastructure technologies including Microsoft Azure, Windows, Hyper-V, and System Center. He has been working with Microsoft technologies for 20 years, is senior contributing editor for Windows IT Pro magazine, and created the highly popular NTFAQ.COM website. John has written six books and regularly creates technology videos for his YouTube channel, http://www.youtube.com/ntfaqguy.

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