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Wireless Sensor Systems for Extreme Environments: Space, Underwater, Underground, and Industrial

Habib F. Rashvand (Editor), Ali Abedi (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-119-12646-1
504 pages
August 2017
Wireless Sensor Systems for Extreme Environments: Space, Underwater, Underground, and Industrial (1119126460) cover image

Description

Provides unique coverage of wireless sensor system applications in space, underwater, underground, and extreme industrial environments in one volume

This book covers the challenging aspects of wireless sensor systems and the problems and conditions encountered when applying them in outer space, under the water, below the ground, and in extreme industrial environments. It explores the unique aspects of designs and solutions that address those problems and challenges, and illuminates the connections, similarities, and differences between the challenges and solutions in those various environments.

The creation of Wireless Sensor Systems for Extreme Environments is a response to the spread of wireless sensor technology into fields of health, safety, manufacturing, space, environmental, smart cities, advanced robotics, surveillance, and agriculture. It is the first of its kind to present, in a single reference, the unique aspects of wireless sensor system design, development, and deployment in such extreme environments—and to explore the similarities and possible synergies between them. The application of wireless sensor systems in these varied environments has been lagging dramatically behind their application in more conventional environments, making this an especially relevant book for investigators and practitioners in all of these areas.

Wireless Sensor Systems for Extreme Environments is presented in five parts that cover:

  • Wireless Sensor Systems for Extreme Environments—Generic Solutions
  • Space WSS Solutions and Applications
  • Underwater and Submerged WSS Solutions
  • Underground and Confined Environments WSS Solutions
  • Industrial and Other WSS Solutions

This book is a welcome guide for researchers, post-graduate students, engineers and scientists who design and build operational and environmental control systems, emergency response systems, and situational awareness systems for unconventional environments.

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Table of Contents

List of Contributors xvii

Preface xxi

Part I Wireless Sensor Systems for Extreme Environments–Generic Solutions 1

1 Wireless Sensor Systems for Extreme Environments 3
Habib F. Rashvand and Ali Abedi

1.1 Introduction 3

1.2 Wireless Sensor Systems for Space and other Extreme Environments 4

1.3 Chapter Summaries 6

2 Feedback Control Challenges with Wireless Networks in Extreme Environments 21
Lonnie Labonte, Ali Abedi and Praveen Shankar

2.1 Introduction 21

2.2 Controllers in Extreme Environments 22

2.3 System Dynamics and Control Design Fundamentals 24

2.4 Feedback Control Challenges when using Wireless Networks 32

2.5 Effect of Delay on the Transient Response of a Second-order System 38

2.6 Discussion 42

2.7 Summary 42

References 43

3 Optimizing Lifetime and Power Consumption for Sensing Applications in Extreme Environments 45
Gholamreza Alirezaei, Omid Taghizadeh and Rudolf Mathar

3.1 Introduction 45

3.2 Overview and Technical System Description 46

3.3 Power and Lifetime Optimisation 48

3.4 Visualization and Numerical Results 54

3.5 Application of Power Control in Extreme Environments 58

3.6 Summary 62

References 63

4 On Improving Connectivity-based Localisation in Wireless Sensor Networks 65
Bang Wang

4.1 Introduction 65

4.2 Connectivity-based Localisation in One-Hop Networks 66

4.3 Connectivity-based Localisation in Multi-Hop Networks 67

4.4 On Improving Connectivity-based Localisation 70

4.5 Summary 78

References 79

5 Rare-events Sensing and Event-powered Wireless Sensor Networks 83
Winston K.G. Seah and David Harrison

5.1 Coverage Preservation [19] 85

5.2 Event-powered Wireless Sensor [20] 92

5.3 Cluster-Centric WSNs for Rare-event Monitoring [21] 100

5.4 Summary 106

References 107

Part II Space WSS Solutions and Applications 111

6 Battery-less Sensors for Space 113
Ali Abedi

6.1 Introduction 113

6.2 Wired or Wireless Sensing: Cost–Benefit Analysis 114

6.3 Active and Passive Wireless Sensors 117

6.4 Design Considerations for Battery-less Sensors 119

7 Contact Plan Design for Predictable Disruption-tolerant Space Sensor Networks 123
Juan A. Fraire, Pablo Madoery and Jorge M. Finochietto

7.1 Introduction 123

7.2 Contact Plan Design Methodology 129

7.3 Contact Plan Design Analysis 140

7.4 Contact Plan Design Discussion 145

7.5 Summary 147

References 147

8 Infrared Wireless Sensor Network Development for the Ariane Launcher 151
Hendra Kesuma, Johannes Sebald and Steffen Paul

8.1 Introduction 151

8.2 Development Processes and Measurements of Infrared Transceiver ASIC 154

8.3 Summary 166

References 167

9 Multichannel Wireless Sensor Networks for Structural Health Monitoring of Aircraft and Launchers 169
Pascale Minet, Gerard Chalhoub, Erwan Livolant, Michel Misson, Ridha Soua, Rana Diab, Badr Rmili and Jean-Francois Perelgritz

9.1 Context 169

9.2 General Multichannel Challenges 173

9.3 Multichannel Challenges for Data Gathering Support 181

9.4 Sahara: Example of Solution 188

9.5 Summary 197

10 Wireless Piezoelectric Sensor Systems for Defect Detection and Localization 201
Xuewu Dai, Shang Gao, Kewen Pan, Jiwen Zhu and Habib F. Rashvand

10.1 Introduction 201

10.2 Lamb Wave-based Defect Detection 204

10.3 Wireless PZT Sensor Networks 209

10.4 Wireless PZT Sensor Node 211

10.5 Distributed Data Processing 212

10.6 Summary 215

11 Navigation and Remote Sensing using Near-space Satellite Platforms 221
Wen-Qin Wang and Dingde Jiang

11.1 Background and Motivation 221

11.2 Near-space Platforms in Wireless Sensor Systems 225

11.3 Overview of NSPs in Wireless Sensor Systems 228

11.4 Integrated Wireless Sensor Systems 231

11.5 Arrangement of Near-space Platforms 234

11.6 Limitations and Vulnerabilities 236

Part III Underwater and Submerged WSS Solutions 247

12 Underwater Acoustic Sensing: An Introduction 249
Habib F. Rashvand, Lloyd Emokpae and James Agajo

12.1 Introduction 249

12.2 Underwater Wireless Smart Sensing 251

12.3 Netted Sensors 256

12.4 Networking 262

12.5 Typical Underwater Sensing Applications 266

13 Underwater Anchor Localisation Using Surface-reflected Beams 275
Lloyd Emokpae

13.1 Introduction 275

13.2 UREAL Angle of Arrival Measurements 277

13.3 Closed-form Least Squares Position Estimation 278

13.4 Prototype Evaluation 281

Summary 286

References 286

14 Coordinates Determination of Submerged Sensors with a Single Beacon Using the Cayley–Menger Determinant 287
Anisur Rahman and Vallipuram Muthukkumarasamy

14.1 Introduction 287

14.2 Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks 288

14.3 Dynamicity of Underwater Environment 289

14.4 Proposed Configuration 291

14.5 Distance Determination 293

14.6 Coordinate Determination 297

14.7 Simulation Results 304

15 Underwater and Submerged Wireless Sensor Systems: Security Issues and Solutions 311
Kübra Kalkan, Albert Levi and Sherali Zeadally

15.1 Introduction 311

15.2 Underwater Wireless Sensor Systems 312

15.3 Security Requirements, Issues and Solutions 314

15.4 Future Challenges and Research Directions 320

15.5 Summary 321

References 321

Part IV Underground and Confined Environments WSS Solutions 325

16 Achievable Throughput of Magnetic Induction Based Sensor Networks for Underground Communications 327
Steven Kisseleff, Ian F. Akyildiz and Wolfgang H. Gerstacker

16.1 Introduction 327

16.2 Method 329

16.3 Results 343

16.4 Discussion 346

16.5 Summary 347

References 348

17 Agricultural Applications of Underground Wireless Sensor Systems: A Technical Review 351
Saeideh Sheikhpour, Ali Mahani and Habib F. Rashvand

17.1 Introduction 351

17.2 WSN Technology in Agriculture 352

17.3 WSNs for Agriculture 357

17.4 Design Challenges of WSNs in Agriculture 359

17.5 WSN-based Applications in Agriculture 366

Part V Industrial and Other WSS Solutions 381

18 Structural Health Monitoring with WSNs 383
Chaoqing Tang, Habib F. Rashvand, Gui Yun Tian, Pan Hu, Ali Imam Sunny and Haitao Wang

18.1 Introduction 383

18.2 SHM Sensing Techniques 386

18.3 WSN-enabled SHM Applications 391

18.4 Network Topology and Overlays 397

19 Error Manifestations in Industrial WSN Communications and Guidelines for Countermeasures 409
Filip Barac, Mikael Gidlund, Tingting Zhang and Emiliano Sisinni

19.1 Introduction 409

19.2 Compromising Factors in IWSN Communication 410

19.3 The Statistics of Link-quality Metrics for Poor Links 414

19.4 The Statistical Properties of Bit- and Symbol-Errors 417

19.5 Guidelines for Countermeasures 419

20 A Medium-access Approach to Wireless Technologies for Reliable Communication in Aircraft 431
Murat Gürsu, Mikhail Vilgelm, Eriza Fazli and Wolfgang Kellerer

20.1 Introduction 431

20.2 Reliability Assessment Framework 433

20.3 Metrics and Parameters 438

20.4 Candidate Wireless Technologies 440

20.5 Evaluation 448

21 Applications of Wireless Sensor Systems for Monitoring of Offshore Windfarms 453
Deepshikha Agarwal and Nand Kishor

21.1 Introduction 453

21.2 Literature Review 454

21.3 WSNs in Windfarms 454

21.4 Simulation and Discussion 463

Summary 465

References 466

Index 469

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Author Information

Habib F. Rashvand is Professor of Networks, Systems & Protocols and Director of Advanced Communication Systems, University of Warwick, School of Engineering, UK.

Dr. Ali Abedi is Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Director of Center Undergraduate Research (CUGR) at University of Maine. He has a joint appointment at the School of Computing and Information Sciences.

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