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Crustal Permeability

Tom Gleeson (Editor), Steve Ingebritsen (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-119-16656-6
472 pages
November 2016, Wiley-Blackwell
Crustal Permeability (111916656X) cover image


Permeability is the primary control on fluid flow in the Earth’s crust and is key to a surprisingly wide range of geological processes, because it controls the advection of heat and solutes and the generation of anomalous pore pressures.  The practical importance of permeability – and the potential for large, dynamic changes in permeability – is highlighted by ongoing issues associated with hydraulic fracturing for hydrocarbon production (“fracking”), enhanced geothermal systems, and geologic carbon sequestration.  Although there are thousands of research papers on crustal permeability, this is the first book-length treatment.  This book bridges the historical dichotomy between the hydrogeologic perspective of permeability as a static material property and the perspective of other Earth scientists who have long recognized permeability as a dynamic parameter that changes in response to tectonism, fluid production, and geochemical reactions. 

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Table of Contents

List of contributors, xi

About the companion websites, xvii

1 Introduction, 1
Tom Gleeson and Steven Ingebritsen

2 DigitalCrust –a 4D data system of material properties for transforming research on crustal fluid flow, 6
Ying Fan, Stephen Richard, R. Sky Bristol, Shanan E. Peters, Steven E. Ingebritsen, Nils Moosdorf, Aaron Packman, Tom Gleeson, I. Zaslavsky, S. Peckham, Lawrence Murdoch, Michael Fienen, Michael Cardiff, David Tarboton, Norman Jones, Richard Hooper, Jennifer Arrigo, D. Gochis, J. Olson and David Wolock

Part I: The physics of permeability, 13

3 The physics of permeability, 15
Tom Gleeson and Steven E. Ingebritsen

4 A pore-scale investigation of the dynamic response of saturated porous media to transient stresses, 16
Christian Huber and Yanqing Su

5 Flow of concentrated suspensions through fractures: small variations in solid concentration cause significant in-plane velocity variations, 27
Ricardo Medina, Jean E. Elkhoury, Joseph P. Morris, Romain Prioul, Jean Desroches and Russell L. Detwiler

6 Normal stress-induced permeability hysteresis of a fracture in a granite cylinder, 39
A. P. S. Selvadurai

7 Linking microearthquakes to fracture permeability evolution, 49
Takuya Ishibashi, Noriaki Watanabe, Hiroshi Asanuma and Noriyoshi Tsuchiya

8 Fractured rock stress–permeability relationships from in situ data and effects of temperature and chemical–mechanical couplings, 65
Jonny Rutqvist

Part II: Static permeability, 83

9 Static permeability, 85
Tom Gleeson and Steven E. Ingebritsen

Part II(A): Sediments and sedimentary rocks

10 How well can we predict permeability in sedimentary basins? Deriving and evaluating porosity–permeability equations for noncemented sand and clay mixtures, 89
Elco Luijendijk and Tom Gleeson

11 Evolution of sediment permeability during burial and subduction, 104
Hugh Daigle and Elizabeth J. Screaton

Part II(B): Igneous and metamorphic rocks

12 Is the permeability of crystalline rock in the shallow crust related to depth, lithology, or tectonic setting?, 125
Mark Ranjram, Tom Gleeson and Elco Luijendijk

13 Understanding heat and groundwater flow through continental flood basalt provinces: Insights gained from alternative models of permeability/depth relationships for the Columbia Plateau, United States, 137
Erick R. Burns, Colin F. Williams, Steven E. Ingebritsen, Clifford I. Voss, Frank A. Spane and Jacob DeAngelo

14 Deep fluid circulation within crystalline basement rocks and the role of hydrologic windows in the formation of the Truth or Consequences, New Mexico low-temperature geothermal system, 155
Jeffrey Pepin, Mark Person, Fred Phillips, Shari Kelley, Stacy Timmons, Lara Owens, James Witcher and Carl W. Gable

15 Hydraulic conductivity of fractured upper crust: insights from hydraulic tests in boreholes and fluid– rock interaction in crystalline basement rocks, 174
Ingrid Stober and Kurt Bucher

Part III: Dynamic permeability, 189

16 Dynamic permeability, 191
Tom Gleeson and Steven E. Ingebritsen

Part III(A): Oceanic crust

17 Rapid generation of reaction permeability in the roots of black smoker systems, Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus, 195
Johnson R. Cann, Andrew M. Mccaig and Bruce W. D. Yardley

Part III(B): Fault zones

18 The permeability of active subduction plate boundary faults, 209
Demian M. Saffer

19 Changes in hot spring temperature and hydrogeology of the Alpine Fault hanging wall, New Zealand, induced by distal South Island earthquakes, 228
Simon C. Cox, Catriona D. Menzies, Rupert Sutherland, Paul H. Denys, Calum Chamberlain and Damon A. H. Teagle

20 Transient permeability in fault stepovers and rapid rates of orogenic gold deposit formation, 249
Steven Micklethwaite, Arianne Ford, Walter Witt and Heather A. Sheldon

21 Evidence for long-timescale (>103 years) changes in hydrothermal activity induced by seismic events, 260
Trevor Howald, Mark Person, Andrew Campbell, Virgil Lueth, Albert Hofstra, Donald Sweetkind, Carl W. Gable, Amlan Banerjee, Elco Luijendijk, Laura Crossey, Karl Karlstrom, Shari Kelley and Fred M. Phillips

Part III(C): Crustal-scale behavior

22 The permeability of crustal rocks through the metamorphic cycle: an overview, 277
Bruce Yardley

23 An analytical solution for solitary porosity waves: dynamic permeability and fluidization of nonlinear viscous and viscoplastic rock, 285
James A. D. Connolly and Y. Y. Podladchikov

24 Hypocenter migration and crustal seismic velocity distribution observed for the inland earthquake swarms induced by the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake in NE Japan: implications for crustal fluid distribution and crustal permeability, 307
T. Okada, T. Matsuzawa, N. Umino, K. Yoshida, A. Hasegawa, H. Takahashi, T. Yamada, M. Kosuga, Tetsuya Takeda, A. Kato, T. Igarashi, K. Obara, S. Sakai, A. Saiga, T. Iidaka, T. Iwasaki, N. Hirata, N. Tsumura, Y. Yamanaka, T. Terakawa, H. Nakamichi, T. Okuda, S. Horikawa, H. Katao, T. Miura, A. Kubo, T. Matsushima, K. Goto and H. Miyamachi

25 Continental-scale water-level response to a large earthquake, 324
Zheming Shi, Guang-Cai Wang, Michael Manga and Chi-Yuen Wang

Part III(D): Effects of fluid injection at the scale of a reservoir or ore-deposit

26 Development of connected permeability in massive crystalline rocks through hydraulic fracture propagation and shearing accompanying fluid injection, 337
Giona Preisig, Erik Eberhardt, Valentin Gischig, Vincent Roche, Mirko van der Baan, Benoit Valley, Peter K. Kaiser, Damien Duff and Robert Lowther

27 Modeling enhanced geothermal systems and the essential nature of large-scale changes in permeability at the onset of slip, 353
Stephen A. Miller

28 Dynamics of permeability evolution in stimulated geothermal reservoirs, 363
Joshua Taron, Steve E. Ingebritsen, Stephen Hickman and Colin F. Williams

29 The dynamic interplay between saline fluid flow and rock permeability in magmatic–hydrothermal systems, 373
Philipp Weis

Part IV: Conclusion, 393

30 Toward systematic characterization, 395
Tom Gleeson and Steven E. Ingebritsen

References, 398

Index, 447

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