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Electric Power System Basics for the Nonelectrical Professional, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-1-119-18019-7
256 pages
December 2016, Wiley-IEEE Press
Electric Power System Basics for the Nonelectrical Professional, 2nd Edition (1119180198) cover image

Description

The second edition of Steven W. Blume’s bestseller provides a comprehensive treatment of power technology for the non-electrical engineer working in the electric power industry

This book aims to give non-electrical professionals a fundamental understanding of large interconnected electrical power systems, better known as the “Power Grid”, with regard to terminology, electrical concepts, design considerations, construction practices, industry standards, control room operations for both normal and emergency conditions, maintenance, consumption, telecommunications and safety. The text begins with an overview of the terminology and basic electrical concepts commonly used in the industry then it examines the generation, transmission and distribution of power. Other topics discussed include energy management, conservation of electrical energy, consumption characteristics and regulatory aspects to help readers understand modern electric power systems. This second edition features: 

  • New sections on renewable energy, regulatory changes, new measures to improve system reliability, and smart technologies used in the power grid system 
  • Updated practical examples, photographs, drawing, and illustrations to help the reader gain a better understanding of the material
  • “Optional supplementary reading” sections within most chapters to elaborate on certain concepts by providing additional detail or background

Electric Power System Basics for the Nonelectrical Professional, Second Edition, gives business professionals in the industry and entry-level engineers a strong introduction to power technology in non-technical terms. 

Steve W. Blume is Founder of Applied Professional Training, Inc., APT Global, LLC, APT College, LLC and APT Corporate Training Services, LLC, USA.  Steve is a registered professional engineer and certified NERC Reliability Coordinator with a Master's degree in Electrical Engineering specializing in power and a Bachelor's degree specializing in Telecommunications. He has more than 25 years’ experience teaching electric power system basics to non-electrical professionals.  Steve's engineering and operations experience includes generation, transmission, distribution, and electrical safety.  He is an active senior member in IEEE and has published two books in power systems through IEEE and Wiley.



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Table of Contents

PREFACE ix

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xv

CHAPTER 1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW, TERMINOLOGY, AND BASIC CONCEPTS 1

Chapter Objectives 1

History of Electric Power 1

System Overview 2

Terminology 3

AC Voltage Generation 9

AC Connections 14

Three Types of Electrical Load 15

CHAPTER 2 GENERATION 19

Chapter Objectives 19

Real-Time Generation 19

Power Plants and Prime Movers 20

CHAPTER 3 TRANSMISSION LINES 43

Chapter Objectives 43

Transmission Lines 43

Conductors 45

Transmission Line Design Parameters (Optional Supplementary Reading) 50

Underground Transmission (Optional Supplementary Reading) 51

DC Transmission Systems (Optional Supplementary Reading) 52

CHAPTER 4 SUBSTATIONS 53

Chapter Objectives 53

Substation Equipment 53

Transformers 54

Regulators 63

Circuit Breakers 69

Reclosers 74

Disconnect Switches 75

Lightning Arresters 79

Electrical Bus 81

Capacitor Banks 83

Reactors 84

Static Var Compensators 86

Control Building 87

Preventive Maintenance 88

CHAPTER 5 DISTRIBUTION 91

Chapter Objectives 91

Distribution Systems 91

Transformer Connections (Optional Supplementary Reading) 102

Fuses and Cutouts 110

Riser or Dip Pole 112

Underground Service 112

CHAPTER 6 CONSUMPTION 119

Chapter Objectives 119

Electrical Energy Consumption 119

Power System Efficiency 121

Power Factor 122

Supply and Demand 123

Demand Side Management 124

Metering 125

Performance-Based Rates 131

Service Entrance Equipment 132

CHAPTER 7 SYSTEM PROTECTION 147

Chapter Objectives 147

Two Types of Protection 147

System Protection Equipment and Concepts 148

Distribution Protection 152

Transmission Protection 155

Substation Protection 157

Generator Protection 158

Generator Synchronization 160

Overall Transmission Protection 162

Substation Automation 162

CHAPTER 8 INTERCONNECTED POWER SYSTEMS 165

Chapter Objectives 165

Interconnected Power Systems 165

The North American Power Grids 166

Regulatory Environment 167

Interchange Scheduling 170

Interconnected System Operations 171

System Demand and Generator Loading 177

Reliable Grid Operations 180

CHAPTER 9 SYSTEM CONTROL CENTERS AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS 187

Chapter Objectives 187

Electric System Control Centers 187

Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) 189

Energy Management Systems 191

Wide Area Monitoring Systems (WAMS) 194

Smart Grid 196

Utility Communications Systems 207

CHAPTER 10 PERSONAL PROTECTION (SAFETY) 209

Chapter Objectives 209

Electrical Safety 209

Personal Protection 210

ARC-Flash 218

Electrical Safety Around the Home 222

APPENDIX A THE DERIVATION OF ROOT MEAN SQUARED 225

APPENDIX B GRAPHICAL POWER FACTOR ANALYSIS 227

RECOMMENDED READING 229

INDEX 231

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Author Information

Steve W. Blume is Founder of Applied Professional Training, Inc., APT Global, LLC, APT College, LLC and APT Corporate Training Services, LLC, USA. Steve is a registered professional engineer and certified NERC Reliability Coordinator with a Master's degree in Electrical Engineering specializing in power and a Bachelor's degree specializing in Telecommunications. He has more than 25 years' experience teaching electric power system basics to non-electrical professionals. Steve's engineering and operations experience includes generation, transmission, distribution, and electrical safety. He is an active senior member in IEEE and has published two books in power systems through IEEE and Wiley.

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