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Advanced Magnetic and Optical Materials

Ashutosh Tiwari (Editor), Parameswar K. Iyer (Editor), Vijay Kumar (Editor), Hendrik Swart (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-119-24191-1
560 pages
November 2016
Advanced Magnetic and Optical Materials (111924191X) cover image

Description

Advanced Magnetic and OpticalMaterials offers detailed up-to-date chapters on the functional optical and magnetic materials, engineering of quantum structures, high-tech magnets, characterization and new applications.  It brings together innovative methodologies and strategies adopted in the research and development of the subject and all the contributors are established specialists in the research area. The 14 chapters are organized in two parts:

Part 1: Magnetic Materials

  • Magnetic Heterostructures and superconducting order
  • Magnetic Antiresonance in nanocomposites
  • Magnetic bioactive glass-ceramics for bone healing and hyperthermic treatment of solid tumors
  • Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles
  • Magnetic nanomaterial-based anticancer therapy
  • Theoretical study of strained carbon-based nanobelts: Structural, energetical, electronic, and magnetic properties
  • Room temperature molecular magnets – Modeling and applications

Part 2: Optical Materials

  • Advances and future of white LED phosphors for solid-state lighting
  • Design of luminescent materials with “Turn-on/off” response for anions and cations
  • Recent advancements in luminescent materials and their potential applications
  • Strongly confined quantum dots: Emission limiting, photonic doping, and magneto-optical effects
  • Microstructure characterization of some quantum dots synthesized by mechanical alloying
  • Advances in functional luminescent materials and phosphors
  • Development in organic light emitting materials and their potential applications
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Table of Contents

Preface xix

Part 1 Magnetic Materials

1 Superconducting Order in Magnetic Heterostructures 3
Sol H. Jacobsen, Jabir Ali Ouassou and Jacob Linder

1.1 Introduction 3

1.2 Fundamental Physics 6

1.3 Theoretical Framework 15

1.4 Experimental Status 23

1.5 Novel Predictions 33

1.6 Outlook 37

Acknowledgements 38

References 39

2 Magnetic Antiresonance in Nanocomposite Materials 47
Anatoly B. Rinkevich, Dmitry V. Perov and Olga V. Nemytova

2.1 Introduction: Phenomenon of Magnetic Antiresonance 47

2.2 Magnetic Antiresonance Review 49

2.3 Phase Composition and Structure of Nanocomposites Based on Artificial Opals 54

2.4 Experimental Methods of the Antiresonance Investigation 56

2.5 Nanocomposites Where the Antiresonance Is Observed in 60

2.6 Conditions of Magnetic Antiresonance Observation in Non-conducting Nanocomposite Plate 63

2.7 Magnetic Field Dependence of Transmission and Reflection Coefficients 70

2.8 Frequency Dependence of Resonance Amplitude 72

2.9 Magnetic Resonance and Antiresonance upon Parallel and Perpendicular Orientation of Microwave and a Permanent Magnetic Field 74

2.10 Conclusion 76

Acknowledgement 77

References 77

3 Magnetic Bioactive Glass Ceramics for Bone Healing and Hyperthermic Treatment of Solid Tumors 81
Andrea Cochis, Marta Miola, Oana Bretcanu, Lia Rimondini and Enrica Vernè

3.1 Bone and Cancer: A Hazardous Attraction 82

3.2 Hyperthermia Therapy for Cancer Treatment 86

3.3 Evidences of Hyperthermia Efficacy 94

3.4 Magnetic Composites for Hyperthermia Treatment 95

3.5 Conclusions 103

References 103

4 Magnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles: Advances on Controlled Synthesis, Multifunctionalization, and Biomedical Applications 113
Dung The Nguyen and Kyo-Seon Kim

4.1 Introduction 114

4.2 Controlled Synthesis of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles 115

4.3 Surface Modification of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications 122

4.4 Magnetism and Magnetically Induced Heating of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles 126

4.5 Applications of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles to Magnetic Hyperthermia 130

4.6 Applications of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles to Hyperthermia-based Controlled Drug Delivery 132

4.7 Conclusions 134

Acknowledgment 135

References 135

5 Magnetic Nanomaterial-based Anticancer Therapy 141
Catalano Enrico

5.1 Introduction 142

5.2 Magnetic Nanomaterials 144

5.3 Biomedical Applications of Magnetic Nanomaterials 145

5.4 Magnetic Nanomaterials for Cancer Therapies 146

5.5 Relevance of Nanotechnology to Cancer Therapy 147

5.6 Cancer Therapy with Magnetic Nanoparticle Drug Delivery 148

5.7 Drug Delivery in the Cancer Therapy 149

5.8 Magnetic Hyperthermia 151

5.9 Role of Theranostic Nanomedicine in Cancer Treatment 154

5.10 Magnetic Nanomaterials for Chemotherapy 155

5.11 Magnetic Nanomaterials as Carrier for Cancer Gene Therapeutics 156

5.12 Conclusions 156

5.13 Future Prospects 158

References 159

6 Theoretical Study of Strained Carbon-based Nanobelts: Structural, Energetic, Electronic, and Magnetic properties of [n]Cyclacenes 165
E. San-Fabián, A. Pérez-Guardiola, M. Moral, A. J. Pérez-Jiménez and J. C. Sancho-García

6.1 Introduction 166

6.2 Computational Strategy and Associated Details 168

6.3 Results and Discussion 171

6.4 Conclusions 181

Acknowledgments 182

References 182

7 Room Temperature Molecular Magnets: Modeling and Applications 185
Mihai A. Gîrţu and Corneliu I. Oprea

7.1 Introduction 186

7.2 Experimental Background 187

7.3 Ideal Structure and Sources of Structural Disorder 193

7.4 Exchange Coupling Constants and Ferrimagnetic Ordering 200

7.5 Magnetic Anisotropy 224

7.6 Applications of V[TCNE]x 233

7.7 Conclusions 241

Acknowledgments 243

References 243

8 Advances and Future of White LED Phosphors for Solid-State Lighting 251
Xianwen Zhang and Xin Zhang

8.1 Light Generation Mechanisms and History of LEDs Chips 251

8.2 Fabrication of WLEDs 254

8.3 Evaluation Criteria of WLEDs 257

8.4 Phosphors for WLEDs 261

8.5 Conclusions 271

References 272

Part 2 Optical Materials 277

9 Design of Luminescent Materials with “Turn-On/Off” Response for Anions and Cations 279
Serkan Erdemir and Sait Malkondu

9.1 Introduction 280

9.2 Luminescent Materials for Sensing of Cations 283

9.3 Luminescent Materials for Sensing of Anions 302

9.4 Conclusion 307

Acknowledgments 308

References 308

10 Recent Advancements in Luminescent Materials and Their Potential Applications 317
Devender Singh, Vijeta Tanwar, Shri Bhagwan and Ishwar Singh

10.1 Phosphor 317

10.2 An Overview on the Past Research on Phosphor 318

10.3 Luminescence 319

10.4 Mechanism of Emission of Light in Phosphor Particles 320

10.5 How Luminescence Occur in Luminescent Materials? 321

10.6 Luminescence Is Broadly Classified within the Following Categories 326

10.7 Inorganic phosphors 332

10.8 Organic Phosphors 332

10.9 Optical Properties of Inorganic Phosphors 333

10.10 Role of Activator and Coactivator 333

10.11 Role of Rare Earth as Activator and Coactivator in Phosphors 334

10.12 There Are Different Classes of Phosphors, Which May Be Classified According to the Host Lattice 342

10.13 Applications of Phosphors 345

10.14 Future Prospects of Phosphors 348

10.15 Conclusions 349

References 349

11 Strongly Confined PbS Quantum Dots: Emission Limiting, Photonic Doping, and Magneto-optical Effects 353
P. Barik, A. K. Singh, E. V. García-Ramírez, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. S. Wang, H. Xi and B. Ullrich

11.1 Introduction 354

11.2 QDs Used and Sample Preparation 356

11.3 Basic Properties of PbS Quantum Dots 356

11.4 Measuring Techniques and Equipment Employed 358

11.5 Photoluminescence Limiting of Colloidal PbS Quantum Dots 361

11.6 Photonic Doping of Soft Matter 364

11.7 Magneto-optical Properties 370

11.8 Conclusions 380

Acknowledgment 380

References 380

12 Microstructure Characterization of Some Quantum Dots Synthesized by Mechanical Alloying 385
S. Sain and S.K. Pradhan

12.1 Introduction 386

12.2 Brief History of QDs 387

12.3 Theory of QDs 388

12.4 Different Processes of Synthesis of QDs 391

12.5 Structure of QDs 392

12.6 Applications of QDs 393

12.7 Mechanical Alloying 395

12.8 The Rietveld Refinement Method 398

12.9 Some Previous Work on Metal Chalcogenide QDs Prepared by Mechanical Alloying from Other Groups 402

12.11 Conclusions 419

References 419

13 Advances in Functional Luminescent Materials and Phosphors 425
Radhaballabh Debnath

13.1 Introduction 425

13.2 Some Theoretical Aspects of the Processes of Light Absorption/Emission by Matter 427

13.3 Sensitization/Energy Transfer Phenomenon in Luminescence Process 433

13.4 Functional Phosphors 435

13.5 Classifications of Functional Phosphors 438

13.6 Solid-state Luminescent Materials for Laser 460

Acknowledgments 467

References 467

14 Development in Organic Light-emitting Materials and Their Potential Applications 473
Devender Singh, Shri Bhagwan, Raman Kumar Saini, Vandna Nishal and Ishwar Singh

14.1 Luminescence in Organic Molecules 473

14.2 Types of Luminescence 475

14.3 Mechanism of Luminescence 479

14.4 Organic Compounds as Luminescent Material 480

14.5 Possible Transitions in Organic Molecules 494

14.6 OLED’s Structure and Composition 495

14.7 Basic Principle of OLEDs 502

14.8 Working of OLEDs 502

14.9 Light Emission in OLEDs 504

14.10 Types of OLED Displays 505

14.11 Techniques of Fabrication of OLEDs Devices 506

14.12 Advantages of OLEDs 507

14.13 Potential Applications of OLEDs 511

14.14 Future Prospects of OLEDs 512

14.15 Conclusions 512

References 513

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