Computational Continuum Mechanics, 3rd EditionISBN: 9781119293217
368 pages
February 2018

Description
An updated and expanded edition of the popular guide to basic continuum mechanics and computational techniques
This updated third edition of the popular reference covers stateoftheart computational techniques for basic continuum mechanics modeling of both small and large deformations. Approaches to developing complex models are described in detail, and numerous examples are presented demonstrating how computational algorithms can be developed using basic continuum mechanics approaches.
The integration of geometry and analysis for the study of the motion and behaviors of materials under varying conditions is an increasingly popular approach in continuum mechanics, and absolute nodal coordinate formulation (ANCF) is rapidly emerging as the best way to achieve that integration. At the same time, simulation software is undergoing significant changes which will lead to the seamless fusion of CAD, finite element, and multibody system computer codes in one computational environment. Computational Continuum Mechanics, Third Edition is the only book to provide indepth coverage of the formulations required to achieve this integration.
 Provides detailed coverage of the absolute nodal coordinate formulation (ANCF), a popular new approach to the integration of geometry and analysis
 Provides detailed coverage of the floating frame of reference (FFR) formulation, a popular wellestablished approach for solving small deformation problems
 Supplies numerous examples of how complex models have been developed to solve an array of realworld problems
 Covers modeling of both small and large deformations in detail
 Demonstrates how to develop computational algorithms using basic continuum mechanics approaches
Computational Continuum Mechanics, Third Edition is designed to function equally well as a text for advanced undergraduates and firstyear graduate students and as a working reference for researchers, practicing engineers, and scientists working in computational mechanics, biomechanics, computational biology, multibody system dynamics, and other fields of science and engineering using the general continuum mechanics theory.
Table of Contents
PREFACE ix
1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Matrices / 2
1.2 Vectors / 6
1.3 Summation Convention / 11
1.4 Cartesian Tensors / 12
1.5 Polar Decomposition Theorem / 21
1.6 D’Alembert’s Principle / 23
1.7 Virtual Work Principle / 29
1.8 Approximation Methods / 32
1.9 Discrete Equations / 34
1.10 Momentum, Work, and Energy / 37
1.11 Parameter Change and Coordinate Transformation / 39
Problems / 43
2 KINEMATICS 47
2.1 Motion Description / 48
2.2 Strain Components / 55
2.3 Other Deformation Measures / 60
2.4 Decomposition of Displacement / 62
2.5 Velocity and Acceleration / 64
2.6 Coordinate Transformation / 68
2.7 Objectivity / 74
2.8 Change of Volume and Area / 77
2.9 Continuity Equation / 81
2.10 Reynolds’ Transport Theorem / 82
2.11 Examples of Deformation / 84
2.12 Important Geometry Concepts / 92
Problems / 94
3 FORCES AND STRESSES 97
3.1 Equilibrium of Forces / 97
3.2 Transformation of Stresses / 100
3.3 Equations of Equilibrium / 100
3.4 Symmetry of the cauchy Stress Tensor / 102
3.5 Virtual Work of the Forces / 103
3.6 Deviatoric Stresses / 113
3.7 Stress Objectivity / 115
3.8 Energy Balance / 119
Problems / 120
4 CONSTITUTIVE EQUATIONS 123
4.1 Generalized Hooke’s Law / 124
4.2 Anisotropic Linearly Elastic Materials / 126
4.3 Material Symmetry / 127
4.4 Homogeneous Isotropic Material / 129
4.5 Principal Strain Invariants / 136
4.6 Special Material Models for Large Deformations / 137
4.7 Linear Viscoelasticity / 141
4.8 Nonlinear Viscoelasticity / 155
4.9 A Simple Viscoelastic Model for Isotropic Materials / 161
4.10 Fluid Constitutive Equations / 162
4.11 Navier–Stokes Equations / 164
Problems / 164
5 FINITE ELEMENT FORMULATION: LARGEDEFORMATION, LARGEROTATION PROBLEM 167
5.1 Displacement Field / 169
5.2 Element Connectivity / 176
5.3 Inertia and Elastic Forces / 178
5.4 Equations of Motion / 180
5.5 Numerical Evaluation of The Elastic Forces / 188
5.6 Finite Elements and Geometry / 193
5.7 TwoDimensional Euler–Bernoulli Beam Element / 199
5.8 TwoDimensional Shear Deformable Beam Element / 203
5.9 ThreeDimensional Cable Element / 205
5.10 ThreeDimensional Beam Element / 206
5.11 ThinPlate Element / 208
5.12 HigherOrder Plate Element / 210
5.13 Brick Element / 211
5.14 Element Performance / 212
5.15 Other Finite Element Formulations / 216
5.16 Updated Lagrangian and Eulerian Formulations / 218
5.17 Concluding Remarks / 221
Problems / 223
6 FINITE ELEMENT FORMULATION: SMALLDEFORMATION, LARGEROTATION PROBLEM 225
6.1 Background / 226
6.2 Rotation and Angular Velocity / 229
6.3 Floating Frame of Reference (FFR) / 234
6.4 Intermediate Element Coordinate System / 236
6.5 Connectivity and Reference Conditions / 238
6.6 Kinematic Equations / 243
6.7 Formulation of The Inertia Forces / 245
6.8 Elastic Forces / 248
6.9 Equations of Motion / 250
6.10 Coordinate Reduction / 251
6.11 Integration of Finite Element and Multibody System Algorithms / 253
Problems / 258
7 COMPUTATIONAL GEOMETRY AND FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS 261
7.1 Geometry and Finite Element Method / 262
7.2 ANCF Geometry / 264
7.3 Bezier Geometry / 266
7.4 BSpline Curve Representation / 267
7.5 Conversion of BSpline Geometry to ANCF Geometry / 271
7.6 ANCF and BSpline Surfaces / 273
7.7 Structural and Nonstructural Discontinuities / 275
8 PLASTICITY FORMULATIONS 279
8.1 OneDimensional Problem / 281
8.2 Loading and Unloading Conditions / 282
8.3 Solution of the Plasticity Equations / 283
8.4 Generalization of The Plasticity Theory: Small Strains / 291
8.5 J2 Flow Theory with Isotropic/Kinematic Hardening / 298
8.6 Nonlinear Formulation for Hyperelastic–Plastic Materials / 312
8.7 Hyperelastic–Plastic J2 FLOW THEORY / 322
Problems / 326
REFERENCES 329
INDEX 339
Author Information
Ahmed A. Shabana, PhD, is University Distinguished Professor and the Richard and Loan Hill Professor of Engineering at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Professor Shabana is the author of several books and serves on the Editorial Board of several journals. He served as the Chair of the ASME Design Engineering Division, the Founding Chair of the ASME Technical Committee on Multibody Systems and Nonlinear Dynamics, and the Founding Chair of the ASME International Conference of Multibody Systems, Nonlinear Dynamics, and Control. Professor Shabana is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and a Fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineering (SAE International). He has received several awards, including the Humboldt Prize, the Fulbright Research Scholar Award, the ASME D’Alembert Award, and Honorary Doctorate, Honorary Professorship, and Best Paper Awards, as well as several teaching and research awards from the University of Illinois at Chicago.