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MCSA Windows Server 2016 Study Guide: Exam 70-741

ISBN: 978-1-119-35933-3
504 pages
September 2017
MCSA Windows Server 2016 Study Guide: Exam 70-741 (1119359333) cover image

Description

Ultimate coverage and hands-on practice for the second MCSA Windows Server 2016 exam

MCSA Windows Server 2016 Study Guide: Exam 70-741 offers complete preparation for the second exam in the MCSA series. With comprehensive coverage of all exam objectives led by a four-time Microsoft MVP winner, this book is your ideal companion for thorough preparation. Optimize your study time with hundreds of practice questions that pinpoint your weak spots, and try your hand at real-world application with exercises that reflect the MCSA skill set. Access to the Sybex interactive online practice test environment provides electronic flashcards, a glossary, practice exams and more, so you can study anywhere, any time; this invaluable study guide goes beyond mere review to help you enter the exam with full confidence in your abilities.

The Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate certification puts your skills in demand—but first you must pass a series of three exams; exam 70-741 is the second step, testing your Windows 2016 networking knowledge and skills. This book covers everything you need to know, giving you the exam-day advantage of comprehensive prep.

  • Master 100 percent of the exam objective domains
  • Learn how these skills are applied in real-world scenarios
  • Solidify your understanding with hands-on exercises
  • Access electronic flashcards, practice exams, and more!

How well do you deploy, manage, and maintain a server? Can you expertly configure file and print servers, network access and services, and network policy server infrastructure? Have you configured and managed Active Directory and Group Policy? Don't leave anything to chance—MCSA Windows Server 2016 Study Guide: Exam 70-741 tells you all you need to know to pass with flying colors.

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Table of Contents

Introduction xvii

Assessment Test xxvii

Chapter 1 Configuring TCP/IP 1

Understanding TCP/IP 2

Details of the TCP/IP Model 2

How TCP/IP Layers Communicate 3

Understanding Port Numbers 4

Understanding IP Addressing 5

The Hierarchical IP Addressing Scheme 5

Understanding Network Classes 6

Subnetting a Network 10

Implementing Subnetting 11

An Easier Way to Apply Subnetting 18

Applying Subnetting the Traditional Way 22

Working with Classless Inter-Domain Routing 29

Supernetting 32

Understanding IPv6 33

IPv6 History and Need 33

New and Improved IPv6 Concepts 34

IPv6 Addressing Concepts 36

IPv6 Integration/Migration 41

Summary 45

Exam Essentials 45

Review Questions 47

Chapter 2 Configuring DNS 51

Introducing DNS 52

The Form of an IP Address 53

Understanding Servers, Clients, and Resolvers 58

Understanding the DNS Process 59

Introducing DNS Database Zones 65

Understanding Primary Zones 65

Understanding Secondary Zones 66

Understanding Active Directory Integrated DNS 67

Understanding Stub Zones 69

GlobalName Zones 70

Zone Transfers and Replication 71

Advantages of DNS in Windows Server 2016 74

Background Zone Loading 74

Support for IPv6 Addresses 75

Support for Read-Only Domain Controllers 75

DNS Socket Pools 75

DNS Cache Locking 76

Response Rate Limiting 76

Unknown Record Support 77

IPv6 Root Hints 77

DNS Security Extensions 77

DNS Devolution 78

Record Weighting 79

Netmask Ordering 79

DnsUpdateProxy Group 79

DNS Policies 79

Introducing DNS Record Types 80

Start of Authority (SOA) Records 81

Name Server Records 82

Host Record 83

Alias Record 83

Pointer Record 83

Mail Exchanger Record 84

Service Record 84

Configuring DNS 85

Installing DNS 86

Load Balancing with Round Robin 86

Configuring a Caching-Only Server 87

Setting Zone Properties 88

Configuring Zones for Dynamic Updates 91

Delegating Zones for DNS 92

DNS Forwarding 93

Manually Creating DNS Records 94

DNS Aging and Scavenging 95

Monitoring and Troubleshooting DNS 95

Monitoring DNS with the DNS Snap-In 96

Troubleshooting DNS 98

Integrating Dynamic DNS and IPv4 DHCP 107

DNS PowerShell Commands 108

Summary 111

Exam Essentials 112

Review Questions 114

Chapter 3 Configuring DHCP 117

Understanding DHCP 118

Introducing the DORA Process 119

Advantages and Disadvantages of DHCP 120

Ipconfig Lease Options 121

Understanding Scope Details 122

Installing and Authorizing DHCP 124

Installing DHCP 124

Introducing the DHCP Snap-In 125

Authorizing DHCP for Active Directory 126

Creating and Managing DHCP Scopes 128

Creating a New Scope in IPv4 129

Creating a New Scope in IPv6 136

Changing Scope Properties (IPv4 and IPv6) 139

Changing Server Properties 140

Managing Reservations and Exclusions 141

Setting Scope Options for IPv4 143

Activating and Deactivating Scopes 146

Creating a Superscope for IPv4 146

Creating IPv4 Multicast Scopes 147

Integrating Dynamic DNS and IPv4 DHCP 149

Using DHCP Failover Architecture 151

Working with the DHCP Database Files 152

Working with Advanced DHCP Configuration Options 153

Implement DHCPv6 154

Configure High Availability for DHCP, Including DHCP

Failover and Split Scopes 155

Configure DHCP Name Protection 157

PowerShell Commands 158

Summary 160

Exam Essentials 161

Review Questions 162

Chapter 4 Implement IP Address Management 165

Understanding IPAM 166

Installing IPAM 167

Provision IPAM Manually or by Using Group Policy 170

Configure Server Discovery 176

Create and Manage IP Blocks and Ranges 177

Managing Services 178

Managing DNS 179

Managing DHCP 184

IPAM Access and Auditing 189

Migrate to IPAM 191

Delegate IPAM Administration 191

Manage IPAM Collections 195

Virtual Machine Manager and IPAM 195

Auditing IPAM 197

PowerShell Commands for IPAM 200

Summary 203

Exam Essentials 203

Video Resources 203

Review Questions 204

Chapter 5 Configuring Network Access 207

Overview of Dial-Up Networking 208

What DUN Does 209

How DUN Works 209

Overview of Virtual Private Networks 212

What VPNs Do 213

VPNs and Windows Server 2016 213

How VPNs Work 214

Configuring Your Remote Access Server 217

Configuring PPP Options 217

Understanding a VPN 224

How a VPN Works 224

Enabling RRAS as a VPN 225

Configuring a VPN 225

Configuring VPN Ports 225

Troubleshooting VPNs 226

Managing Your Remote Access Server 229

Managing Remote Users with a RADIUS Server 229

Monitoring Overall Activity 229

Controlling Remote Access Logging 229

Reviewing the Remote Access Event Log 233

Monitoring Ports and Port Activity 233

Network Address Translation 234

Configuring Routes 234

RAS Gateway 236

Configuring a VPN Client 236

The General Tab 237

The Options Tab 238

The Security Tab 239

The Networking Tab 241

The Sharing Tab 242

Configuring a Web Application Proxy 243

Publishing Applications 243

Configuring Pass-Through Authentication 244

Understanding DirectAccess 245

DirectAccess vs. VPNs 245

Understanding the DirectAccess Process 245

Knowing the DirectAccess Infrastructure Requirements 247

Contents xi

Overview of Wireless Access 248

Configuring Wireless Access 249

Remote Access Security 250

User Authentication 250

Connection Security 252

Access Control 253

Configuring User Access 253

Setting Up User Profiles 254

Using Network Access Policies 256

NPS as a RADIUS Proxy Server 259

Importing and Exporting NPS Policies 261

Using Remote Access Profiles 263

Setting Up a VPN Network Access Policy 266

Configuring Security 268

Controlling Server Security 268

Configuring Network Access Protection 270

PowerShell for Remote Access 272

Summary 273

Exam Essentials 274

Video Resources 274

Review Questions 275

Chapter 6 Understanding File Services 277

Configuring File Server Resource Manager 278

FSRM Features 278

Installing the FSRM Role Service 279

Configure File and Disk Encryption 280

Using BitLocker Drive Encryption 280

Features of BitLocker 281

Windows 7 and 2008 R2 vs. Windows 10 and 2016 283

Using EFS Drive Encryption 285

Configuring Distributed File System 287

Advantages of DFS 287

Types of DFS 288

What’s New in Windows Server 2016 290

Remote Differential Compression 292

Configure Advanced File Services 295

Configure the NFS Data Store 295

Configure BranchCache 296

Implementing an Audit Policy 303

Overview of Auditing 303

Implementing Auditing 304

Viewing Auditing Information 305

Using the Auditpol.exe Command 306

Windows Server 2016 Auditing Features 307

Configure and Optimize Storage 308

Configure iSCSI Target and Initiator 308

Configure Internet Storage Name Server 309

Implement Thin Provisioning and Trim 311

Manage Server Free Space Using Features on Demand 311

Configure Tiered Storage 312

Summary 312

Exam Essentials 312

Review Questions 314

Chapter 7 Configuring High Availability 317

Components of High Availability 318

Achieving High Availability 319

High Availability Foundation 320

Understanding Network Load Balancing 321

NLB Requirements 323

Installing NLB Nodes 323

Upgrading an NLB Cluster 328

Setting the Affinity 328

PowerShell Commands for a NLB Cluster 329

Achieving High Availability with Failover Clustering 330

Failover Clustering Requirements 332

Workgroup and Multi-domain Clusters 334

Site-Aware, Stretched, or Geographically

Dispersed Clusters (Geoclustering) 334

Cluster Quorum 335

Validating a Cluster Configuration 337

Creating a Cluster 342

Clustered Application Settings 345

Resource Properties 347

Windows Server 2016 Clustering Features 350

PowerShell Commands for Clustering 354

Implementing Storage Spaces Direct 355

The Benefits of Storage Spaces Direct 357

Deployment Options 358

Requirements to Setup Storage Spaces Direct 358

Storage Spaces Direct using Windows PowerShell 359

Achieving High Availability with Hyper-V 361

Implementing a Hyper-V Replica 361

Understanding Live Migration 369

Implementing Storage Migration 372

PowerShell Commands for Hyper-V High Availability 374

Summary 375

Exam Essentials 376

Video Resources 376

Review Questions 377

Chapter 8 Implementing Software Defined Networking 379

Understanding Software Defined Networking 380

Network Controllers 381

Internal DNS Service (iDNS) 381

Remote Direct Memory Access and Switch Embedded Teaming 384

Windows Server Containers 385

Hyper-V Components 387

Hyper-V Overview 387

What Is Virtualization? 387

Hyper-V Features 388

Hyper-V Architecture 393

Hyper-V Requirements 394

Hyper-V Installation and Configuration 396

Install the Hyper-V Role 396

Hyper-V in Server Manager 399

Using Hyper-V Manager 399

Configure Hyper-V Settings 401

Manage Virtual Switches 402

Managing Virtual Hard Disks 405

Configuring Virtual Machines 410

Creating and Managing Virtual Machines 410

Linux and FreeBSD Image Deployments 422

PowerShell Commands 426

Summary 430

Exam Essentials 430

Review Questions 431

Appendix Answers to the Review Questions 433

Chapter 1: Configuring TCP/IP 434

Chapter 2: Configuring DNS 435

Chapter 3: Configuring DHCP 436

Chapter 4: Implement IP Address Management 437

Chapter 5: Implement IP Address Management 438

Chapter 6: Understanding File Services 439

Chapter 7: Configuring High Availability 440

Chapter 8: Implementing Software Defined Networking 440

Index 443

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Author Information

William Panek, MCP, MCSE, MCSA, MCTS, MCITP, CCNA, is a four-time Microsoft MVP winner. He has taught at Boston University, Clark University, and the University of Maryland, and presently conducts live online classes for StormWind Studios (www.stormwind.com). Will has been a consultant and trainer for the United States Secret Service, Cisco, the United States Air Force, and the United States Army. He also creates training videos to help students prepare for various Microsoft exams.

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