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Advances in High Temperature Ceramic Matrix Composites and Materials for Sustainable Development

Mrityunjay Singh (Editor), Tatsuki Ohji (Editor), Shaoming Dong (Editor), Dietmar Koch (Editor), Kiyoshi Shimamura (Editor), Bernd Clauss (Editor), Bernhard Heidenreich (Editor), Jun Akedo (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-119-40643-3
592 pages
June 2017
Advances in High Temperature Ceramic Matrix Composites and Materials for Sustainable Development (1119406439) cover image


Global population growth and tremendous economic development has brought us to the crossroads of long-term sustainability and risk of irreversible changes in the ecosystem. Energy efficient and ecofriendly technologies and systems are critically needed for further growth and sustainable development. While ceramic matrix composites were originally developed to overcome problems associated with the brittle nature of monolithic ceramics, today the composites can be tailored for customized purposes and offer energy efficient and ecofriendly applications, including aerospace, ground transportation, and power generation systems. The 9th International Conference on High Temperature Ceramic Matrix Composites (HTCMC 9) was held in Toronto, Canada, June 26-30, 2016 to discuss challenges and opportunities in manufacturing, commercialization, and applications for these important material systems.

The Global Forum on Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Development (GFMAT 2016) was held in conjunction with HTCMC 9 to address key issues, challenges, and opportunities in a variety of advanced materials and technologies that are critically needed for sustainable societal development.

This Ceramic Transactions volume contains a collection of peer reviewed papers from the 16 below symposia that were submitted from these two conferences

  • Design and Development of Advanced Ceramic Fibers, Interfaces, and Interphases in Composites- A Symposium in Honor of Professor Roger Naslain
  • Innovative Design, Advanced Processing, and Manufacturing Technologies
  • Materials for Extreme Environments: Ultrahigh Temperature Ceramics (UHTCs) and Nano-laminated Ternary Carbides and Nitrides
  • (MAX Phases)
  • Polymer Derived Ceramics and Composites
  • Advanced Thermal and Environmental Barrier Coatings: Processing, Properties, and Applications
  • Thermomechanical Behavior and Performance of Composites
  • Ceramic Integration and Additive Manufacturing Technologies
  • Component Testing and Evaluation of Composites
  • CMC Applications in Transportation and Industrial Systems
  • Powder Processing Innovation and Technologies for Advanced Materials and Sustainable Development
  • Novel, Green, and Strategic Processing and Manufacturing Technologies
  • Ceramics for Sustainable Infrastructure: Geopolymers and Sustainable Composites
  • Advanced Materials, Technologies, and Devices for Electro-optical and Medical Applications
  • Porous Ceramics for Advanced Applications Through Innovative Processing
  • Multifunctional Coatings for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications
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Table of Contents

Preface xi


Physical and Chemical Properties of Silicon Carbide Fibers 3
S. Loison and C. Huguet

Heat-Resistant Inorganic Fibers 7
Toshihiro Ishikawa and Hiroshi Oda

Synthesis, Properties and Applications of SiC Ultrathin Fibers Via Electrospinning Combined with the Polymer-Derived Ceramics Route 19
Ying-de Wang, Bing Wang, and De-chuan Zheng

Novel Oxide Fibers to Reinforce Ceramic and Metal Matrices 27
S. T. Mileiko

A Journey in the Field of Ceramic Matrix Composites 39
R. Naslain

Effects of the Microstructure, and Degradation Reaction under Heat-Treatment on Mechanical Properties of SiC-Polycrystalline Fiber 55
Hiroshi Oda and Toshihiro Ishikawa


Fabrication and Mechanical Properties of ZrC-Modified C/C-SiC Composites 67
J. X. Dai, J. J. Sha, Y. F. Zu, J.Q. Shao, S.H. Wang, and M. K. Lei

Manufacture of SiC/ZrSi2 Composite Materials: Assessing Thermal Compatibility between Matrix and Reinforcement 75
Olga Coloma Esteban, Mario Caccia, Antonio Camarano, and Javier Narciso

Influence of the Annealing Process Parameters in the Production of New Short-Fibre-Reinforced C/C-SiC Composites 85
N. Nier, D. Nestler, H. Gurk, K. Roder, G. Wagner, E. Päßler, L. Kroll, J. Weißhuhn, and St. Spange

Fiber-Matrix Adhesion in CFRC Greenbodies and Its Influence on Microcrack Formation during the Carbonization Process 97
S. J. A. Haug, W. M. Mueller, M. G. R. Sause, and S. Horn

Effects of Source Gas Flow Paths on the Matrix Infiltration Behaviors and Mechanical Properties of CVI-Processed SiCf/SiC Composite Tubes 109
Ji Yeon Park, Sang Min Jeong, Daejong Kim, Hyeon-Geun Lee, Soon Gil Yoon, and Weon-Ju Kim

Fabrication of Co-Toughened C-SiC Based Composite by Carbon Fibers and SiC Nanofibers 117
J. J. Sha, J. X. Dai, J. Q. Shao, Z. F. Zhang, J. Li, Y. F. Zu, S. Flauder, and W. Krenkel

Influencing the Mechanical Properties of Weak Matrix C/C Composites by Means of Microstructural Design 125
Andreas Todt, Daisy Nestler, Kristina Roder, Natalia Nier, Bernhard Wielage, and Guntram Wagner

Spark Plasma Sintering of Silicon Carbide Powders with Carbon and Boron as Additives 137
Jinhua Yang, Jian Jiao, Ling Wang, and Baowei Li

Comparison of Machining Technologies for CMC Materials using Advanced 3D Surface Analysis 145
A. Rösiger and R. Goller

Infiltration of Molten Silicon in a Porous Body of B4C under Microwave Heating 157
Mathieu Dutto, Dominique Goeuriot, Sébastien Saunier, Sergio Sao-Joao, Matthieu Lenci, Sylvain Marinel, Shmuel Hayun, and Nachum Frage

Refractory Adhesives for Bonding of Polymer Derived Ceramics 167
R. Cook, C. Klein, and H. Armstrong


Self-Healing EBC Material for Gas Turbine Applications 175
Willy Kunz and Hagen Klemm

Mass Transfer Mechanism in Yb2Si2O7 under Oxygen Potential Gradients at High Temperatures 187
S. Kitaoka, T. Matsudaira, M. Wada, N. Kawashima, D. Yokoe, T. Kato, and M. Takata

Magnetron Sputtered Y2SiO5 Environmental Barrier Coatings for SiC/SiC CMCS 197
V. Leisner, A. Lange, P. Mechnich, and U. Schulz


Thermal Ablation Performance of Cf-HfB2 Composites with and without a C Matrix Deposited by CVI 213
V. Rubio, P. Ramanujam, D. K. Ramachandran, A. D’Angio, and J. G. P. Binner

Experimental Research on Air Permeability of Fiber Reinforced Aerogel 223
Y. Ma, F. Zhang, and Q. Xiong

Fatigue Behavior of an Advanced SiC/SiC Ceramic Composite at 1300°C in Air and in Steam 231
M. B. Ruggles-Wrenn and M. D. Lee

Strength Recovery and Crack-Filling Behavior of Alumina/TiC Self-Healing Ceramics 243
S. Yoshioka and W. Nakao

Hot Gas Stability of Various Ceramic Matrix Composites 253
H. Klemm, W. Kunz, T. Wamser, A. Rüdinger, R. Weiß, A. Lauer, C. Wilhelmi, T. Machry, S. Hofmann, and D. Koch

Damage Analysis in 3D Woven SiC/SiC Ceramic Matrix Composite 261
B. Legin, Z. Aboura, F. Bouillon, and S. Denneulin

The Wedge-Loaded Double Cantilever Beam Test: A Friction Based Method for Measuring Interlaminar Fracutre Properties in Ceramic Matrix Composites 273
Rabih Mansour, Manigandan Kannan, Gregory N. Morscher, Frank Abdi, Cody Godines, and Saber DorMohammadi

Damage Monitoring of MI CMCS with Stress Concentrations Utilizing Acoustic Emission and Electrical Resistance 283
Ryan Maxwell and Gregory N. Morscher

Damage Evolution and Fracture in SiCF/SiC Ceramic Matrix Composite Specimens 297
C. D. Newton, J. P. Jones, M. R. Bache, Z. Quiney, and A. L. Chamberlain

Damage Characterization of High Velocity Impact in Curved SiC/SiC Composites 311
Michael J. Presby, Rabih Mansour, Manigandan Kannan, and Gregory N. Morscher, Frank Abdi, Cody Godines, and Sung Choi

Effect of Vacuum on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Silicon Carbide Produced by Reactive Infiltration 323
Antonio Camarano, Mario Caccia, and Javier Narciso

High-Temperature Mechanical Properties of Silica Aerogel Composites Reinforced by Mullite Fibers 333
Yonggang Jiang, Junzong Feng, Jian Feng, and Chunxiao Shi

Oxidation Resistance Mechanism of TiAlSiCN and TiCrSiCN Compositions made by Plasma Spark Sintering at 1200°C 341
Alexander Manulyk

Effects of Binders (Ni-Co) and Ternary Carbide (TaC) on Friction and Wear Behavior of Ti(CN) Based Cermets 353
V. Verma and B. V. Manoj Kumar


Application of CMC Materials in Rocket Propulsion 367
F. Olufsen and E. Ørbekk

Development of Carbon Fiber Reinforced CMC for Automotive Applications 375
K. S. Kim, D. W. Im, Y. H. Choi, S. M. Lee, K. Yoo, N. C. Lee, J. H. Shim, and E. J. Hyun

Octra-Optimized Ceramic for Hypersonic Application with Transpiration Cooling 389
Christian Dittert and Marius Kütemeyer

Oxide-Oxide Ceramic Matrix Composites—Enabling Widespread Industry Adoption 401
J. Lincoln, B. Jackson, A. Barnes, A. R. Beaber, and L. Visser

Updating Composite Materials Handbook-17 Volume 5—Ceramic Matrix Composites 413
J. Douglas Kiser, Kaia E. David, Curtis Davies, Rachael Andrulonis, and Cindy Ashforth


Development of Superfine Nano-Composites Antifouling Coatings for Ship Hulls 427
A.S. Khanna, Varun Kasturi, and Pankaj Grover

Effect of Heat Exposure on the Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of 3Al2O3 2SiO2/Si/SiC Coating System 443
Ryo Inoue, Kazuma Chikamoto, Yasuo Kogo, and Hideki Kakisawa

Suspension Plasma Spray of Yttria Stabilized Zirconia Coatings 451
P. Xu, J. Mostaghimi, T. W. Coyle, and L. Pershin

Thick Aluminum Nitride Coatings by Reactive DC Plasma 465
Mohammed Shahien, Motohiro Yamada, and Masahiro Fukumoto

Using an Axial Feeding DC-Plasma Spray Gun for Fabrication of Ceramic Coatings 479
Mohammed Shahien and Masato Suzuki


Characterization of Two Calcium Aluminate Cement Pastes 493
John F. Zapata, Maryory Gomez, and Henry A. Colorado

Additive Manufacturing of Kaolinite Clay from Colombia 505
Carlos F. Revelo and Henry A. Colorado


Elastic Constants Evaluated by Sound Velocities in Relaxor Single-Crystal Plates Applying to Ultrasonic Probe for Medical Uses 519
Toshio Ogawa

High Piezoelectricity in Ceramics Evaluated by Elastic Constants 535
Toshio Ogawa

A Thermo-Electro-Mechanical Vibration Analysis of Size-Dependent Functionally Graded Piezoelectric Nanobeams 547
A. R. Ashoori, E. Salari, and S. A. Sadough Vanini

Development of Liquid Crystal Display with RGB Laser Backlight 559
Y. Fujii, E. Niikura, N. Okimoto, S. Maeda, H. Yasui, and A. Heishi

Development of High Thermal Conductivity Silicon Nitride Substrates 567
Dai Kusano, Hideki Hyuga, You Zhou, and Kiyoshi Hirao

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Author Information

Edited by
Mrityunjay Singh
Tatsuki Ohji
Shaoming Dong
Dietmar Koch
Kiyoshi Shimamura
Bernd Clauss
Bernhard Heidenreich
Jun Akedo

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