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Plant-Based Natural Products: Derivatives and Applications

Shahid Ul-Islam (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-119-42383-6
240 pages
August 2017
Plant-Based Natural Products: Derivatives and Applications (111942383X) cover image


Intense research has been started all around the world in the past few decades to exploit different agents from natural products as eco-friendly alternative to synthetic and toxic chemicals. Natural products and their derivatives have received increasing attention for their use in many everyday applications ranging from food, medicine, textiles, and healthcare.This new book presents significant research advances about the use of natural products, mainly plant colorants, bioactive compounds and other plant extracts in the textile coloration, food, bioremediation and environmental applications. There are total eight chapters contributed by leading researchers covering the topics such as potential resurgence of natural dyes in applied fields, natural colorants from indigoid plants, phytochemistry of dye yielding plants, irradiation as novel pretreatment methods, dyeing studies with henna plant, phytoremediation of arsenic, and synthesis of curcumin complexes for medicinal and other industrial uses.

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Table of Contents

 Preface xiii

1 Potential Resurgence of Natural Dyes in Applied Fields 1
Shahid Adeel, Sana Rafi, Mahwish Salman, Fazal-Ur-Rehman and Shazia Abrar

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 History 3

1.3 Advantages of Natural Dyes 4

1.4 Classification 5

1.5 Methods of Extraction and Dyeing 10

1.6 Potential Application of Natural Dyes 12

1.7 Conclusion 20

Acknowledgment 20

References 20

2 Natural Dyes from Indigoid-Rich Plants: An Overview 27
Mohd Yusuf and Shahid-ul-Islam

2.1 Introduction to Natural Dyes 27

2.2 Indigoid Dyes: An Overview 29

2.4 Safety Aspects and Sustainability 43

2.5 Conclusion and Future Outlook 43

References 44

3 Phytochemical and Pharmacological Aspects of Butea monosperma L. 47
Shahid-ul-Islam, Mohd Yusuf and Faqeer Mohammad

3.1 Introduction 48

3.2 Phytochemical Aspects 49

3.3 Sterols 52

3.4 Imides 52

3.5 Terpenoids 54

3.6 Miscellaneous Compounds 55

3.7 Biological Activities 55

3.8 Conclusion 61

References 61

4 Radiation Pretreatment: A Potential Novel Technology to Improve Fastness Properties of Plant-Derived Natural Dyes 65
Shahid Adeel, Shumaila Kiran, Sana Rafi, Tayyaba Ayesha, Fazal-Ur-Rehman, Tahsin Gulzar and M.Zuber

4.1 Introduction 66

4.2 Chemistry of Fabrics 69

4.3 Mordants and their Classification  73

4.4 Radiation and its Role in Dyeing  76

4.5 Applications of Mordants  78

4.6 Conclusion  81

Acknowledgments 81

References 82

5 Natural Colorant from Lawsonia inermis Leaves: Reflectance Spectroscopy-Induced Optimal Conditions of Extraction and Dyeing 89
Mohd Yusuf and Faqeer Mohammad

5.1 Introduction 89

5.2 Materials and Methods 91

5.3 Results and Discussion 93

5.4 Conclusion 98

Acknowledgement 100

References 100

6 Plant Food By-products and their Application in Food Industry 103
Kaiser Younis, Ovais Shafiq Qadri, Khalid Bashir and Shahid-ul-Islam

6.1 Introduction 103

6.2 Plant Origin Food By-products 105

6.3 Effects on the Quality Parameters of Food Products Incorporated with Plant By-products 112

6.4 Conclusion 121

References 122

7 Effect of Drumstick Leaves (Moringa oleifera) Incorporation on Quality of Khakhra 129
TaranjitKaur Maghu, Alka Sharma and Kaiser Younis

7.1 Introduction 130

7.2 Materials and Methods 131

7.3 Results and Discussions 134

Conclusion 142

Acknowledgments 142

References 142

8 Curcumin and Its Derivatives – Isolation, Synthesis, and Applications 145
Ovas Ahmad Dar, Manzoor Ahmad Malik, Shahid-ul-Islam, Parveez Gull and Athar Adil Hashmi

8.1 Introduction 145

8.2 Isolation 147

8.3 Metal Complexes as Derivatives of Curcumin 147

8.4 Applications of Curcumin and its Derivatives 156

8.5 Conclusions and Future Perspective 166

Abbreviations 167

References 168

9 Investigating the Functional Properties of Pineapple Pomace Powder and Its Incorporation in Buffalo Meat Products 175
Kaiser Younis and Saghir Ahmad

9.1 Introduction 175

9.2 Materials and Methods 176

9.3 Results and Discussion 180

Conclusion 189

Acknowledgment 190

References 190

10 Green Adsorbents from Plant Sources for the Removal of Arsenic: An Emerging Wastewater Treatment Technology 193
Sharf Ilahi Siddiqui, Saif Ali Chaudhry and Shahid-ul-Islam

10.1 Introduction 194

10.2 Arsenic Toxicity 195

10.3 Detoxification and Remediation of Arsenic 196

10.4 Adsorption as an Emerging Technology 197

10.5 Mechanism Followed by Green Adsorbent 205

10.6 Water Constraints Effect on Green Adsorbent 207

10.7 Regeneration of Green Adsorbent 208

10.8 Advantages, Shortcomings, and Recent Advances 210

10.9 Conclusion and Future Prospects 211

Acknowledgment 211

References 211

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Author Information

Shahid-ul-Islam is a researcher of international recognition at the Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi. His current research interests include green chemistry, dyes & pigments, thermodynamics and kinetics of colorants, and polymeric nanocomposites. He has numerous academic publications in international journals of high repute to his credit and has also contributed to several internationally recognized books published by John Wiley & Sons, Springer, and Studium Press LLC USA. He is on the editorial board of two international journals and also associated with many professional activities such as a regular reviewer of many top ranked journals including Scientific Reports (IF. 5.2), ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering (IF. 5.2), Journal of Cleaner Production (IF. 4.9), Industrial Crops and Products (IF. 3.5).

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