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Campus Unions: Organized Faculty and Graduate Students in U.S. Higher Education, ASHE Higher Education Report, Volume 43, Number 3

ISBN: 978-1-119-45327-7
176 pages
October 2017, Jossey-Bass
Campus Unions: Organized Faculty and Graduate Students in U.S. Higher Education, ASHE Higher Education Report, Volume 43, Number 3 (1119453275) cover image

Description

With roughly 25% of those teaching college classes belonging to a union, higher education is one of the most heavily organized industries in the United States. Substantial research-based literature exists as scholars have been studying the topic for a half of a century.

Following an overview of its history and context, this monograph synthesizes and analyzes the existing research on faculty and graduate student unionization. It points to evolving understandings of faculty attitudes regarding collective bargaining and the findings on the relationships between unionization and compensation, satisfaction, procedural protections, organizational effectiveness, and related issues for tenure-line faculty. Additional chapters consider the more limited research on non-tenure-line faculty and graduate student instructors. As such, this monograph illuminates the accepted understandings, contested arguments, and the substantial gaps in understandings that remain.

This is the third issue of the 43rd volume of the Jossey-Bass series ASHE Higher Education Report. Each monograph is the definitive analysis of a tough higher education issue, based on thorough research of pertinent literature and institutional experiences. Topics are identified by a national survey. Noted practitioners and scholars are then commissioned to write the reports, with experts providing critical reviews of each manuscript before publication.
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Table of Contents

Executive Summary 7

Foreword 12

Acknowledgements 15

Introduction 16

About This Monograph 21

History and Context 25

Historical Backdrop 26

Current Landscape 36

National Organizations 38

Conclusion 41

The Attitudes and Voting Behaviors of Tenure-Line Faculty 42

Early Considerations of Attitudes and Attributes 43

Economic and Noneconomic Factors in the 1980s 50

Small-Scale Studies in the 1990s 53

Lessened Attention in the 21st Century 56

Conclusion 60

Effects of Tenure-Line Faculty Unions 61

Compensation 62

Tenure, Grievance Procedures, and Retrenchment Policies 80

Governance and Faculty Influence 88

Collegiality and Campus Relationships 95

Satisfaction 98

Other Effects of Faculty Unionization 101

Conclusion 103

Non-Tenure-Line and Part-Time Faculty Unionization 106

Background and Setting 107

Research on Non-Tenure-Line and Part-Time Faculty Unions 109

Conclusion 117

Graduate Student Unionization 119

Background and Setting 119

Research on Graduate Student Unions 122

Conclusion 130

Current Understandings and Future Directions 132

Overview of Existing Research 133

Needed Additional Studies 138

Looking Forward 139

References 143

Name Index 165

Subject Index 171

About the Author 174

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