Thank you for visiting us. We are currently updating our shopping cart and regret to advise that it will be unavailable until September 1, 2014. We apologise for any inconvenience and look forward to serving you again.

Wiley
Wiley.com
Print this page Share
E-book

Mesoscale Meteorology in Midlatitudes

ISBN: 978-1-119-96667-8
430 pages
September 2011
Mesoscale Meteorology in Midlatitudes (1119966671) cover image
Mesoscale Meteorology in Mid-Latitudes presents the dynamics of mesoscale meteorological phenomena in a highly accessible, student-friendly manner. The book's clear mathematical treatments are complemented by high-quality photographs and illustrations. Comprehensive coverage of subjects including boundary layer mesoscale phenomena, orographic phenomena and deep convection is brought together with the latest developments in the field to provide an invaluable resource for mesoscale meteorology students.

Mesoscale Meteorology in Mid-Latitudes functions as a comprehensive, easy-to-use undergraduate textbook while also providing a useful reference for graduate students, research scientists and weather industry professionals.

  • Illustrated in full colour throughout
  • Covers the latest developments and research in the field
  • Comprehensive coverage of deep convection and its initiation
  • Uses real life examples of phenomena taken from broad geographical areas to demonstrate the practical aspects of the science
See More

Series Foreward xi

Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xv

List of Symbols xvii

PART I General Principles 1

1 What is the Mesoscale? 3

1.1 Space and time scales 3

1.2 Dynamical distinctions between the mesoscale and synoptic scale 5

2 Basic Equations and Tools 11

2.1 Thermodynamics 11

2.2 Mass conservation 16

2.3 Momentum equations 17

2.4 Vorticity and circulation 21

2.5 Pressure perturbations 25

2.6 Thermodynamic diagrams 32

2.7 Hodographs 34

3 Mesoscale Instabilities 41

3.1 Static instability 41

3.2 Centrifugal instability 48

3.3 Inertial instability 49

3.4 Symmetric instability 53

3.5 Shear instability 58

PART II Lower Tropospheric Mesoscale Phenomena 71

4 The Boundary Layer 73

4.1 The nature of turbulent fluxes 73

4.2 Surface energy budget 82

4.3 Structure and evolution of the boundary layer 83

4.4 Boundary layer convection 88

4.5 Lake-effect convection 93

4.6 Urban boundary layers 103

4.7 The nocturnal low-level wind maximum 105

5 Air Mass Boundaries 115

5.1 Synoptic fronts 117

5.2 Drylines 132

5.3 Outflow boundaries 140

5.4 Mesoscale boundaries originating from differential surface heating 149

6 Mesoscale Gravity Waves 161

6.1 Basic wave conventions 161

6.2 Internal gravity wave dynamics 165

6.3 Wave reflection 170

6.4 Critical levels 172

6.5 Structure and environments of ducted mesoscale gravity waves 173

6.6 Bores 175

PART III Deep Moist Convection 181

7 Convection Initiation 183

7.1 Requisites for convection initiation and the role of larger scales 183

7.2 Mesoscale complexities of convection initiation 189

7.3 Moisture convergence 195

7.4 Elevated convection 197

8 Organization of Isolated Convection 201

8.1 Role of vertical wind shear 201

8.2 Single-cell convection 206

8.3 Multicellular convection 209

8.4 Supercellular convection 213

9 Mesoscale Convective Systems 245

9.1 General characteristics 245

9.2 Squall line structure 249

9.3 Squall line maintenance 253

9.4 Rear inflow and bow echoes 260

9.5 Mesoscale convective complexes 265

10 Hazards Associated with Deep Moist Convection 273

10.1 Tornadoes 273

10.2 Nontornadic, damaging straight-line winds 292

10.3 Hailstorms 306

10.4 Flash floods 309

PART IV Orographic Mesoscale Phenomena 315

11 Thermally Forced Winds in Mountainous Terrain 317

11.1 Slope winds 317

11.2 Valley winds 320

12 Mountain Waves and Downslope Windstorms 327

12.1 Internal gravity waves forced by two-dimensional terrain 327

12.2 Gravity waves forced by isolated peaks 332

12.3 Downslope windstorms 333

12.4 Rotors 342

13 Blocking of the Wind by Terrain 343

13.1 Factors that govern whether air flows over or around a terrain obstacle 343

13.2 Orographically trapped cold-air surges 346

13.3 Lee vortices 351

13.4 Gap flows 358

PART V Appendix 367

A Radar and Its Applications 369

A.1 Radar basics 369

A.2 Doppler radar principles 371

A.3 Applications 374

References 389

Index 399

See More
  • A one-stop shop for all students taking mesoscale meteorology courses
  • Illustrated in full colour throughout including problems at the end of each chapter.
  • Includes global examples of phenomena taken from a broad geographical area to broaden the appeal of the book to an international audience.

See More

“In summary, I highly recommend this book for use in courses in mesoscale meteorology at the advanced undergraduate and graduate level. It will serve as an important reference for researchers, instructors, and practitioners, and I look forward to using it in even more depth in my future teaching.”  (Bulletin of the American Met Society, 2012)

“In summary, I highly recommend this book for use in courses in mesoscale meteorology at the advanced undergraduate and graduate level. It will serve as an important reference for researchers, instructors, and practitioners, and I look forward to using it in even more depth in my future teaching.”  (Bulletin, 2012)
"Markowski and Richardson (both meteorology, Penn State U.) deliver a very accessible advanced text on the dynamics of mesoscale meteorological phenomena, including boundary layer mesoscale phenomena, orographic phenomena and deep convection . . . an eye-pleasing design and extensive use of color photographs and illustrations make this book especially usable as both an undergraduate text and as a reference for graduate students, researchers, and meteorologists." (Booknews, 1 April 2011)

 

See More
Back to Top