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Sustainable Concrete Solutions

ISBN: 978-1-119-96864-1
224 pages
March 2014, Wiley-Blackwell
Sustainable Concrete Solutions (111996864X) cover image


The challenges facing humanity in the 21st century include climate change, population growth, overconsumption of resources, overproduction of waste and increasing energy demands. For construction practitioners, responding to these challenges means creating a built environment that provides accommodation and infrastructure with better whole-life performance using lower volumes of primary materials, less non-renewable energy, wasting less and causing fewer disturbances to the natural environment.  Concrete is ubiquitous in the built environment. It is therefore essential that it is used in the most sustainable way so practitioners must become aware of the range of sustainable concrete solutions available for construction. While sustainable development has been embedded into engineering curricula, it can be difficult for students and academics to be fully aware of the innovations in sustainable construction that are developed by the industry. 

Sustainable Concrete Solutions serves as an introduction to and an overview of the latest developments in sustainable concrete construction.  It provides useful guidance, with further references, to students, researchers, academics and practitioners of all construction disciplines who are faced with the challenge of designing, specifying and constructing with concrete.

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Table of Contents

Foreword vii
Professor Jacqueline Glass

Preface viii

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Sustainability and sustainable development 1

1.2 The role of the design team in sustainable development 3

1.3 Sustainability credentials of concrete 3

1.4 Book layout and context 8

References 9

2 Challenges and Responses 11

2.1 Introduction 11

2.2 Climate change 11

2.3 Environmental protection 17

2.4 Social progress 32

2.5 Economic growth 41

2.6 Regulatory responses 43

2.7 Summary 50

References 52

3 Conceptual Design of Buildings and Infrastructure 55

3.1 Introduction 55

3.2 Conceptual design of buildings 58

3.3 Conceptual design of infrastructure 94

3.4 Summary 114

References 115

4 Material Specification 118

4.1 Introduction 118

4.2 Assessing environmental impacts of materials 118

4.3 Responsible sourcing of materials 129

4.4 Cements and combinations 131

4.5 Aggregates 143

4.6 Water 149

4.7 Admixtures 150

4.8 Novel constituents 155

4.9 Reinforcement 158

4.10 Special concretes 160

4.11 Specification examples 164

4.12 Key guidance to specify sustainable concrete 165

4.13 Summary 166

Acknowledgements 167

References 167

5 Construction, Operation and End of Life 170

5.1 Construction 170

5.2 Operation 172

5.3 End of life 173

5.4 Summary 174

References 175

Appendix A: Thermal Mass 176

Appendix B: Biomass Substitution 187

Appendix C: Choice of Concrete Slab Options 191

Appendix D: Example on Embodied CO2 for a Building Slab 206

Index 213

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Author Information

Professor Costas Georgopoulos is a Chartered Engineer, Fellow and elected member of the Council of the Institution of Structural Engineers, Fellow of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Fellow of the Higher Academy of Education and Fellow of the Concrete Society, with over 30 years of experience in consulting engineering, academia and professional bodies in the UK and overseas. His expertise on sustainable design and construction using concrete has been developed in posts such as Manager of Education & Training for The Concrete Centre and Chair in Structural Engineering Practice at Kingston University London.

Dr Andrew Minson is a Chartered Engineer, Fellow of the Institution of Civil Engineers and Member of the Institution of Structural Engineers.  He has been Executive Director for the concrete industry funded research, publishing and training body, The Concrete Centre, in the UK since 2009 and in this role is responsible for the UK cement and concrete industry sustainable construction strategy, which was launched in 2008 and updated in 2012.  He was on the buildings task group of the UK Innovation and Growth Team Low Carbon Construction review published in 2010, is on the Greening the Industry panel of the UK Green Construction Board  and is a member of the IStructE  sustainability panel.   Since completing a doctorate at the University of Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar, his 20 years’ experience has been equally split between Arup in building engineering and The Concrete Centre.

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“This is a must-read book for designers, engineers, architects, researchers, planners, and students who advocate creating a sustainable built environment, because the authors have keenly provided a very thorough, concise, engaging, and intriguing discussion within each of the five chapters. . . The book is balanced and clearly explains advantages of incorporating concepts of sustainability in the design of concrete structures. This book is an excellent resource.”  (Journal of Performace of Constructed Facilities, 1 March 2015)

"A most interesting, specific and well-conceived addition to the sustainable development library of Wiley Blackwell." (Environment, Development and Sustainability 2016)

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