Wiley
Wiley.com
Print this page Share

Discovering Superconductivity: An Investigative Approach

Gren Ireson (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-119-99141-0
182 pages
September 2012
Discovering Superconductivity: An Investigative Approach (1119991412) cover image

Superconductivity is a quantum phenomenon that manifests itself in materials showing zero electrical resistance below a characteristic temperature resulting in the potential for an electric current to run continually through such a material without the need for a power source. Such materials are used extensively in medical and power applications, e.g. MRI and NMR machines. 

Discovering Superconductivity uses a series of practical and investigative activities, which can be used as tutor demonstrations or as student lab exercises.  

This highly illustrated text features the following sections: 

  • Introduction - including a brief history of superconductivity
  • Superconductivity - an explanation of the phenomenon and its effects
  • Superconducting materials – including High & Low temperature   superconductors
  • Applications – how superconductivity is used in medical imaging, at CERN and in the Maglev trains

This text will serve as an excellent introduction for students, with or without a physics background, to superconductivity. With a strong practical, experimental emphasis, it provides readers with an overview of the topic preparing them for more advanced texts used in advanced undergraduate and post-graduate courses. 

PowerPoint files of the figures presented within this text are available at: http://booksupport.wiley.com

A word from the author: “The intention of this text is to introduce the reader to the study of superconductivity via a minds-on approach……... The minds-on approach takes this a stage further by requiring the learner to engage with the process to a greater extent.”
See More

List of Figures ix

List of Tables xiii

Preface xv

Acknowledgements xvii

To the Teacher xix

To the Student xxi

SECTION I Introduction 1

1 Resistivity and Conduction in Metals 3

1.1 Introduction 3

1.2 Resistivity 3

1.3 Conduction in Metals 5

1.4 Revisiting Ohm’s Law 7

References 11

2 A Brief History of Superconductivity 13

2.1 Introduction 13

2.2 The Beginning: Kwik Nagenoeg Nul 13

2.3 1933 – Perfect Diamagnetism? 16

2.4 The London Brothers 19

2.5 1957 – The BCS Theory 19

2.6 1962 – The Josephson Effect 21

2.7 1986 – Bednorz and Mu¨ ller and Oxide

Superconductors 22

2.8 2003 – Abrikosov, Ginzburg and Leggett – and

the Future 22

2.9 Getting Cold Enough 24

References 26

SECTION II Superconductivity 29

3 An Explanation of Superconductivity? 31

3.1 Transition Temperature 32

3.2 Two-Fluid Model 34

3.3 Critical Field, Critical Current 36

3.4 Schawlow and Devlin 38

3.5 The London Equation 39

3.6 BCS Theory 41

3.6.1 The Isotope Effect 44

3.6.2 The Energy Gap 44

3.7 An Alternative Approach to the Energy Gap 45

3.7.1 Electron–Electron Attraction 47

References 49

4 The Meissner–Ochsenfeld Effect 51

References 59

5 Diamagnetic Effects 61

5.1 Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism and Ferromagnetism 61

References 67

6 Persistence of Current 69

6.1 Quinn and Ittner 71

References 77

7 Type I and Type II Superconductors 79

7.1 Critical Magnetic Field 79

References 88

8 Flux Pinning 89

8.1 Vortex and Flux Lines 90

8.2 The Original Abrikosov 91

References 95

SECTION III Superconducting materials 97

9 Low-Temperature Superconductors 99

10 Organic Superconductors 101

References 105

11 High-Temperature Superconductors 107

11.1Magnesium Diboride 111

11.2 Transition Temperature of High-

Superconductors 112

References 114

SECTION IV Applications 115

12 Superconducting Wire 117

13 Medical Imaging 121

13.1Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) 121

13.2Magnetoencephalography 122

13.2.1 Neuronal Currents 127

References 128

14 CERN and the LHC 129

References 133

15 Maglev Trains 135

Appendices 139

A The BCS Theory 141

B Flux Penetration 143

C The Josephson Junction and the SQUID 147

D MRI 151

Generating the MRI Signal 151

References 155

E A Note on Superfluidity 157

Index 163

F A Note on Safety 161

Index

See More
Buy Both and Save 25%!
+

Discovering Superconductivity: An Investigative Approach (US $125.00)

-and- Elements of Modern X-ray Physics, 2nd Edition (US $68.00)

Total List Price: US $193.00
Discounted Price: US $144.75 (Save: US $48.25)

Buy Both
Cannot be combined with any other offers. Learn more.

Related Titles

Back to Top