How to do a Research Project: A Guide for Undergraduate Students
January 2007, ©2007, Wiley-Blackwell
Friendly and accessible, this text includes a number of accompanying support materials to aid students further. Closely integrated sets of end-of-chapter tasks covering all aspects of research projects from design to completion, as well as lists of suggested further reading, enhance each chapter. Additionally, an extensive associated website at www.blackwellpublishing.com/researchproject gives students access to a wide range of helpful materials relevant to their particular needs, making this book an invaluable resource.
PART I: Making preparations:.
Project planning checklist.
As a student on a course.
If you are by yourself.
If you are doing this as part of your job.
Making it worthwhile.
Considering your audience(s).
Individual or group research?.
Types of group research.
Working together successfully.
The structure of the book.
Chapter 1 tasks.
2 Approaches to research.
A concern for truth.
Different purposes of research.
The qualitative/quantitative divide.
Fixed and flexible designs.
Overview of some different research traditions.
Grounded theory studies.
A note on feminist research.
Choosing an approach.
Chapter 2 tasks.
3 Developing your ideas.
Selecting a topic.
From a topic to research questions.
From research questions to a research design.
Do I really need research questions?.
Developing the design.
Finding and using sources.
Planning the search for sources.
Asking the author.
Dealing with the sources.
Avoiding the unethical.
Confirming your choices.
Chapter 3 tasks.
4 Selecting the method(s) of collecting data.
Trustworthiness and credibility.
Data collection methods.
Fully structured interviews.
Using interviews in your project.
Questionnaires and diaries.
Using questionnaires or diaries in your project.
Tests and scales.
Using tests or scales in your project.
Observation – structured and participant.
Using observation in your project.
Using documents and other secondary sources.
Using documents in your project.
Using multiple methods.
Chapter 4 tasks.
PART II: Doing it:.
5 Practicalities of data collection.
Sampling and sample sizes.
Gaining access for field research.
Formal and informal contracts.
Getting on and getting out.
Collecting the data.
What to do if you run into difficulties or out of time.
Chapter 5 tasks.
PART III: Making something of it:.
6 Analysing and interpreting your findings.
What this chapter tries to do.
Preparing for analysis.
Quantitative (numerical) data.
Ordered categorical variables.
Summarizing and displaying categorical data.
Calculating summary statistics with continuous variables.
Displaying continuous variables.
Statistical tests and statistical significance.
What test do I use?.
Data reduction and organization.
An example – the grounded theory approach to analysis.
Using specialist computer packages for qualitative data analysis.
Summary of qualitative data analysis.
Interpretation - what is going on here?.
Chapter 6 tasks.
7 Writing the report.
Planning and drafting.
Reasons and evidence.
Considering your audience(s) again.
Abstracts and executive summaries.
The first full draft.
Revising and polishing.
The final version.
Other forms of presentation.
A final word.
Chapter 7 tasks.
References and author index.
- A student-friendly and supportive guide to designing, implementing, analyzing and reporting on undergraduate degree projects.
- A key new volume for the vast study skills market, written by the author of the bestselling Real World Research, Second Edition (Blackwell, 2002).
- Useful for students studying within the fields of education, health, social work, and the social sciences.
- Includes closely integrated end-of-chapter tasks, covering all aspects of designing and completing the project.
- Features links to extensive website material appropriate for a wide range of disciplines and fields of study which use social research methods.
"As someone responsible for an honours thesis seminar in anthropology, where undergraduates are to undertake their own research projects, I found this newest contribution by Colin Robson to be of substantial value and special merit. Robson is keenly aware of the many difficulties encountered by students in making the transition from consumers to producers of knowledge. This work draws in readers with illuminating guidelines and it educates even those with an advanced knowledge in research methods. As usual, Robson is able to synthesize and present knowledge distilled not just from personal experience but also from his coverage of the vast methods literature. He does so in a manner that, far from overwhelming students, furnishes students with an invitation to undertake exciting projects in social research that will surely leave them with a lasting impression."
–Dr Maximilian Forte, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Concordia University
"Colin Robson has produced a practical guide for undergraduates conducting research projects. The text is clear and accessible and includes material on planning, conducting and writing-up projects. It will be a valuable guide for beginners."
–Bob Burgess, University of Leicester
"Having just graduated, I wish this book had been available when I was pursuing my undergraduate degree. Research projects can be very daunting for undergraduate students when they are let loose on a project of their own in the third year. This book provides some handholding during these times with its very clear and logical structure... This book’s main purpose is to aid final-year undergraduate students, but it would also benefit levels one and two as it explains the basics of conducting research projects and general information, such as ethics and plagiarism in a clear and accessible way... This book levels the playing field of information so that all students have the same basis for their projects, e.g., a clear understanding of design and research types... Lecturers could use this book as a primer to save time explaining the basics, thereby allowing more time for expert guidance... How to Do a Research Project brings clarity, simplicity, and brevity to the methodology behind research projects. I suggest that higher-education institutions recommend this accessible and practical book to students as prerequisite reading where applicable."
–Tamsin Shaw, University of Leeds (in 'Qualitative Research In Psychology')
"How to Do a Research Project...is a highly readable, engaging guide that provides the necessary technical detail minus the dryness. ... This volume...represents a comprehensive yet concise primer for anyone contemplating undertaking research. It is also a constructive resource for instructors and supervisors of student research. ... Drawing on his lengthy career in research and teaching, Robson interjects the mundane realities, potential pitfalls, and other considerations likely to arise during the research process. ... After reading the text in its entirety, students will find these handy reference tools [text boxes] useful to return to when conducting a live research project. ... Included also is a valuable section on searching, reviewing, and summarizing the literature that will be useful for students. ...for the novice or tentative researcher Robson's commonsense style of writing conveys an intuitive grasp of the process that brings the reader into the "feel" of the project, breaking the research process down into logical, manageable stages, which is empowering and encouraging, rather than presenting the process as a daunting one that can dissuade students. ... At a cost of $24.95 (US/Cdn) this book is accessible to students and it is not just another dry, dull research methods textbook."
–Lynn Eldershaw, PhD, International Institute for Qualitative Methodology, University of Alberta (in International Journal of Qualitative Methods 6 (2) June 2007)