Conservation of Wildlife Populations: Demography, Genetics and Management
December 2006, Wiley-Blackwell
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List of symbols.
PART I: Background to applied population biology.
1. The Big Picture: Human population dynamics meets applied population biology.
Population ecology of humans.
Extinction rates of other species.
Humans and sustainable harvest.
The big picture.
2. Designing studies and interpreting population biology data: how do we know what we know?.
Obtaining reliable facts through sampling.
Linking observed facts to ideasmind leads to understanding.
Ethics and the wildlife population biologist.
3. Genetic concepts and tools to support wildlife population biology.
What is genetic variation?.
Genetic markers used in wildlife population biology.
Insights into wildlife population biology using genetic tools.
4. Estimating population vital rates.
Estimating abundance and density.
Estimation of reproduction.
PART II: POPULATION PROCESSES: THE BASIS FOR MANAGEMENT.
5. The simplest way to describe and project population growth: exponential and geometric change.
Fundamentals of geometric or exponential growth.
Causes and consequences of variation in population growth.
Quantifying population growth in a stochastic environment.
6. Density dependent population change.
Negative density dependence.
Positive density dependence.
The logistic: one simple model of negative density-dependent population growth.
Some counterintuitive dynamics: limit cycles and chaos.
7. Accounting for age and sex-specific differences: population projection models.
Anatomy of a population-projection matrix.
How timing of sampling affects the matrix.
Projecting a matrix through time.
Adding stochasticity to a matrix model.
8. Predation and wildlife populations.
Does predation affect prey numbers?.
Factors affecting how predation impacts prey numbers.
9. Genetic Variation and Fitness of Wildlife Populations.
Long-term benefits of genetic variation.
What determines levels of genetic variation in populations?.
Quantifying the loss of heterozygosity: the inbreeding coefficient.
When does inbreeding lead to inbreeding depression?.
What to do when faced with inbreeding depression?.
10. Dynamics of Multiple Populations.
Connectivity among populations.
Measuring connectivity among wildlife populations.
Multiple populations are not all equal.
Options for restoring connectivity.
PART III: APPLYING KNOWLEDGE OF POPULATION PROCESSES TO PROBLEMS OF DECLINING, SMALL, OR HARVESTABLE POPULATIONS.
11. Human Perturbations: Deterministic Factors Leading to Population Decline.
General effects of deterministic stressors on populations.
Habitat loss and fragmentation.
Introduced and invasive species.
Global climate change.
Synergistic effects among deterministic stressors.
12. Predicting the dynamics of small and declining populations.
Ecological characteristics predicting risk.
The extinction vortex.
Predicting risks in small populations.
Population viability analysis: quantitative methods of assessing viability.
Other approaches to assessing viability.
Some closing thoughts about assessing viability.
13. Bridging applied population and ecosystem ecology with focal species concepts.
Keystone species and strong interactors.
14. Population biology of harvested populations.
Effects of hunting on population dynamics.
Long term effects: hunting as a selective force.
Models to guide sustainable harvests.
Waterfowl harvest and adaptive harvest management.
Management of overabundant and pest populations.