Bioethics: An Anthology, 2nd Edition
March 2006, ©2006, Wiley-Blackwell
- Brings together writings on a broad range of ethical issues
relating such matters as reproduction, genetics, life and death,
and animal experimentation.
- Now includes introductions to each of the sections.
- Features new coverage of the latest debates on hot topics such
as genetic screening, the use of embryonic human stem cells, and
resource allocation between patients.
- The selections are independent of any particular approach to
- Can be used as a source book to complement A Companion to Bioethics (1999).
Part I Before Birth.
1 Abortion and Health Care Ethics.
2 Abortion and Infanticide.
3 A Defense of Abortion.
Judith Jarvis Thomson.
4 Why Abortion is Immoral.
5 Are Pregnant Women Fetal Containers?.
Laura M. Purdy.
Part II Issues in Reproduction.
6 The McCaughey Septuplets: God’s Will or Human Choice?.
Gregory E. Pence.
7 Surrogate Mothering: Exploitation or Empowerment?.
Laura M. Purdy.
8 A Response to Purdy.
Susan Dodds and Karen Jones.
9 The Right to Lesbian Parenthood.
10 Rights, Interests and Possible People.
Prenatal Screening, Sex Selection and Cloning.
11 Can Having Children be Immoral?.
12 Prenatal Diagnosis and Selective Abortion: A Challenge to Practice and Policy.
13 Genetic Technology: A Threat to Deafness.
Ruth Chadwick and Mairi Levitt.
14 Sex Selection: The Case For.
15 Conception to Obtain Hematopoietic Cells.
John A. Robertson, Jeffrey P. Kahn, and John E. Wagner.
16 Why we should not permit embryos to be selected as tissue donors.
17 The Moral Status of the Cloning of Humans.
Part III The New Genetics Introduction.
Gene Therapy and Eugenics.
18 Questions About Some Uses of Genetic Engineering.
19 Ethical Issues in Manipulating the Human Germ Line.
20 The Moral Significance of the Therapy-Enhancement Distinction in Human Genetics.
David B. Resnik.
21 Should we Undertake Genetic Research on Intelligence?.
Ainsley Newson & Robert Williamson.
Genetic Screening and Counselling.
22 Lessons from a Dark and Distant Past.
23 Patient Autonomy & Value Neutrality in Nondirective Counseling.
Robert Wachbroit & David Wasserman.
24 Genetic Dilemmas and the Child’s Right to an Open Future.
Dena S. Davis.
Part IV Life and Death Issues Introduction.
25 The Sanctity of Life.
26 Declaration on Euthanasia.
Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
Killing and Letting Die.
27 The Morality of Killing: A Traditional View.
Germain Grisez and Joseph M. Boyle, Jr.
28 Active and Passive Euthanasia.
29 Is Killing No Worse Than Letting Die?.
30 Why Killing is Not Always Worse – And Sometimes Better – than Letting Die.
Severely Disabled Newborns.
31 When Care Cannot Cure: Medical Problems in Seriously Ill Babies.
32 A Modern Myth: That Letting Die is Not the Intentional Causation of Death.
33 The Abnormal Child: Modern Dilemmas of Doctors and Parents.
R. M. Hare.
34 Right to Life of Handicapped.
35 "A Definition of Irreversible Coma." Report to Examine the Definition ofBrain Death.
Ad Hoc Committee of Harvard Medical School.
36 Is the Sanctity of Life Ethic Terminally Ill?.
37 Life Past Reason.
38 Dworkin on Dementia: Elegant Theory, Questionable Policy.
Voluntary Euthanasia and Medically Assisted Suicide.
39 The Note.
40 When Self-Determination Runs Amok.
41 When Abstract Morality Runs Amok.
42 Listening and Helping to Die: The Dutch Way.
Part V Resource Allocation.
Micro-Allocation: Deciding Between Patients.
43 Rescuing Lives: Can’t We Count?.
Paul T. Menzel.
44 The Allocation of Exotic Medical Lifesaving Therapy.
45 Should Alcoholics Compete Equally for Liver Transplantation?.
Alvin H. Moss & Mark Siegler.
46 The Value of Life.
47 How Age Should Matter: Justice as the Basis for Limiting Care to the Elderly.
Robert M. Veatch.
Micro-Allocation : Dividing up the Health-Care Budget.
48 Quality of Life and Resource Allocation.
49 A Lifespan Approach to Health care.
Part VI Organ Donation.
50 Why Give to Strangers?.
Richard M. Titmus.
51 Organ Retrieval: Whose Body is it Anyway?.
Elke-Henner W. Kluge.
52 The Case for Allowing Kidney Sales.
Janet Radcliffe-Richards et al.
53 The Survival Lottery.
Part VII Experimentation with Humans.
54 Ethics and Clinical Research.
Henry K. Beecher.
55 Equipoise and the Ethics of Clinical Research.
56 The Patient and the Public Good.
57 The Morality of Research: A Case Study.
58 Unethical trials of Interventions to reduce prenatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus in developing countries.
Peter Lurie & Sydney M. Wolfe.
59 We are Trying to Help Our Sickest People, Not Exploit them.
Danstan Bagenda & Philippa Musoke-Mudido.
Human Embryos – Stem Cells.
60 - What Some [Australian] MPs Have Said About Embryonic Stem Cell Research in Parliament this Week.
Mark Latham, Tony Abbott, Frank Mossfield, Joe Hockey, and Kevin Hull.
61 Stem Cells, Sex and Procreation.
Part VIII Experimentation with Animals Introduction.
62 Duties Towards Animals.
63 A Utilitarian View.
64 All Animals are Equal.
65 Vivisection, Morals in Medicine: An Exchange.
R. G. Frey & Sir William Paton.
Part IX Ethical Issues in the Practice of Health Care.
66 Confidentiality in Medicine: A Decrepit Concept.
67 On a Supposed Right to Lie from Altruistic Motives.
68 Should Doctors Tell the Truth?.
69 On Telling Patients the Truth.
Informed Consent and Patient Autonomy.
70 On Liberty.
John Stuart Mill.
71 Schloendorff v. New York Hospital.
Justice Benjamin N. Cardozo.
72 Amputees by Choice.
73 Abandoning Informed Consent.
Robert M. Veatch.
74 Rational Desires and the Limitation of Life-Sustaining Treatment.
75 The Doctor-Patient Relationship in Different Cultures.
Part X Special Issues Facing Nurses.
76 Ethical Dilemmas for Nurses: Physicians’ Orders Versus Patients’ Rights.
E. Joy Kroeger Mappes.
77 In Defense of the Traditional Nurse.
Lisa H. Newton.
Part XI Ethicists and Ethics Committees.
78 When Philosophers Shoot from the Hip.
79 Ethics Consultation as Moral Engagement.
Jonathan D. Moreno.
80 Truth or Consequences: The Role of Philosophers in Policy-Making.
Dan W. Brock.
81 Should the decisions of Ethics Committees be Based on Community Values?.
Peter Singer is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at the University Center for Human Values, Princeton University. He is the author of Animal Liberation, first published in 1975, and is widely credited with triggering the modern animal rights movement. His Practical Ethics is one of the most widely used texts in applied ethics, and Rethinking Life and Death received the 1995 Australian National Book Council’s Banjo Award for nonfiction. He was the foundation president of the International Association of Bioethics.
- A revised and extended edition of Kuhse and Singer’s best-selling anthology
- Brings together writings on a broad range of ethical issues relating such matters as reproduction, genetics, life and death, and animal experimentation
- Now includes introductions to each of the sections
- Features new coverage of the latest debates on hot topics such as genetic screening, the use of embryonic human stem cells, and resource allocation between patients
- The selections are independent of any particular approach to bioethics
- Can be used as a source book to complement A Companion to Bioethics (1999)
“This is an outstanding, up-to-date collection which
covers all the main issues in bioethics and brings together much of
the best philosophical work on them.” Dan W. Brock,
Harvard Medical School
"A useful tool to gain an overview of important an influential texts and thinking of leading authors and commentators in bioethics." Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics