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The Investigation of Organic Reactions and Their Mechanisms

Howard Maskill (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-4051-3142-1
392 pages
February 2007, Wiley-Blackwell
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Description

A range of alternative mechanisms can usually be postulated for most organic chemical reactions, and identification of the most likely requires detailed investigation. Investigation of Organic Reactions and their Mechanisms will serve as a guide for the trained chemist who needs to characterise an organic chemical reaction and investigate its mechanism, but who is not an expert in physical organic chemistry.

Such an investigation will lead to an understanding of which bonds are broken, which are made, and the order in which these processes happen. This information and knowledge of the associated kinetic and thermodynamic parameters are central to the development of safe, efficient, and profitable industrial chemical processes, and to extending the synthetic utility of new chemical reactions in chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturing, and academic environments.

Written as a coherent account of the principal methods currently used in mechanistic investigations, at a level accessible to academic researchers and graduate chemists in industry, the book is highly practical in approach. The contributing authors, an international group of expert practitioners of the techniques covered, illustrate their contributions by examples from their own research and from the relevant wider chemical literature. The book covers basic aspects such as product analysis, kinetics, catalysis, and investigation of reactive intermediates. It also includes material on significant recent developments, e.g. computational chemistry, calorimetry, and electrochemistry, in addition to topics of high current industrial relevance, e.g. reactions in multiphase systems, and synthetically useful reactions involving free radicals and catalysis by organometallic compounds.

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Table of Contents

Contributors.

Foreword.

Preface.

1 Introduction and Overview.

2 Investigation Of Reaction Mechanisms By Product Studies.

3 Experimental Methods For Investigating Kinetics.

4 The Relationship Between Mechanism And Rate Law.

5 Reaction Kinetics In Multiphase Systems.

6 Electrochemical Methods Of Investigating Reaction Mechanisms.

7 Computational Chemistry And The Elucidation Of Mechanism.

8 Calorimetric Methods Of Investigating Organic Reactions.

9 The Detection And Characterization Of Intermediates In Chemical Reactions.

10 Investigation Of Reactions Involving Radical Intermediates.

11 Investigation Of Catalysis By Acids, Bases, Other Small Molecules, And Enzymes.

12 Catalysis By Organometallic Compounds.

Index.

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Author Information

Howard Maskill is a former Senior Lecturer in the School of Natural Sciences, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK, and most recently Visiting Professor, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Contributors to the book:
Dr Fawaz Aldabbagh
Professor John H. Atherton
Dr T. William Bentley
Professor W Russ Bowman
Dr Moisés Canle-López
Dr Ulrich Fischer
Professor Ole Hammerich
Professor Konrad Hungerbühler
Professor Guy C. Lloyd-Jones
Dr Howard Maskill
Dr Juan Arturo Santaballa-López
Professor Peter R. Schreiner
Dr John M. D. Storey
Dr C. Ian F. Watt

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The Wiley Advantage


  • Explains in detail how to investigate the course of an organic chemical reaction, rather than explaining what the various mechanisms are.
  • A highly practical approach, giving the reader access to the processes and techniques required to perform these investigations
  • Written by both industrial and academic authors, ensuring the coverage is detailed and can easily be applied in the chemical laboratory.
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Reviews

"This book is very useful for many organic and physical chemists in several research projects involving reaction mechanisms. There are excellent experimental and theoretical methods for almost all mechanistic studies." (The Higher Education Academy Physical Sciences Centre, December 2008)

"Every graduate student or chemistry ... will find many useful answers [in] Maskill's book." (Synthesis)

“Information is presented well with a logical chapter sequence. [It] has notable strengths…discussions that include excellent examples and case studies...illustrates the synergism between different techniques.” (Inform Magazine)

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