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Seamounts: Ecology, Fisheries & Conservation

Tony J. Pitcher (Editor), Telmo Morato (Editor), Paul J. B. Hart (Editor), Malcolm R. Clark (Editor), Nigel Haggan (Editor), Ricardo S. Santos (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-4051-3343-2
552 pages
November 2007, Wiley-Blackwell
Seamounts: Ecology, Fisheries & Conservation (1405133430) cover image
Seamounts are ubiquitous undersea mountains rising from the ocean seafloor that do not reach the surface. There are likely many hundreds of thousands of seamounts, they are usually formed from volcanoes in the deep sea and are defined by oceanographers as independent features that rise to at least 0.5 km above the seafloor, although smaller features may have the same origin.

This book follows a logical progression from geological and physical processes, ecology, biology and biogeography, to exploitation, management and conservation concerns. In 21 Chapters written by 57 of the world’s leading seamount experts, the book reviews all aspects of their geology, ecology, biology, exploitation, conservation and management. In Section I of this book, several detection and estimation techniques for tallying seamounts are reviewed, along with a history of seamount research.

This book represents a unique and fresh synthesis of knowledge of seamounts and their biota and is an essential reference work on the topic. It is an essential purchase for all fisheries scientists and managers, fish biologists, marine biologists and ecologists, environmental scientists, conservation biologists and oceanographers. It will also be of interest to members of fish and wildlife agencies and government departments covering conservation and management.

Supplementary material is available at: www.seamountsbook.info

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1 Seamount characteristics.

Paul Wessel.

2 How many seamounts are there and where are they located?.

Adrian Kitchingman, Sherman Lai, Telmo Morato and Daniel Pauly.

3 A history of seamount research.

Paul E. Brewin, Karen I. Stocks and Gui Menezes.

4 Physical processes and seamount productivity.

Martin White, Igor Bashmachnikov, Javier Arístegui and Ana Martins.

5 Seamount plankton dynamics.

Amatzia Genin and John F. Dower.

6 Midwater fish assemblages and seamounts.

Filipe M. Porteiro and Tracey Sutton.

7 Seamount benthos.

Sarah Samadi, Thomas Schlacher and Bertrand Richer de Forges.

8 Corals on seamounts.

Alex D. Rogers, A. Baco, H. Griffiths, T. Hart and Jason M. Hall-Spencer.

9 Seamount fishes: ecology and life histories.

Telmo Morato and Malcolm R. Clark.

10 Fish visitors to seamounts.

Section A: Tunas and billfish at seamounts.

Kim N. Holland and R. Dean Grubbs.

Section B: Aggregations of large pelagic sharks above seamounts.

Feodor Litvinov.

11 Seamounts and cephalopods.

Malcolm Clarke.

12 Air-breathing visitors to seamounts.

Section A: Marine mammals.

Kristin Kaschner.

Section B: Sea turtles.

Marco A. Santos, Alan B. Bolten, Helen R. Martins, Brian Riewald and Karen A. Bjorndal.

Section C: Importance of seamounts to seabirds.

David R. Thompson.

13 Biogeography and biodiversity of seamounts.

Karen I. Stocks and Paul J.B. Hart.

14 Raiding the larder: a quantitative evaluation framework and trophic signature for seamount food webs.

Tony J. Pitcher and Cathy Bulman.

15 Modelling seamount ecosystems and their fisheries.

Beth Fulton, Telmo Morato and Tony J. Pitcher.

16 Small-scale fishing on seamounts.

Helder Marques da Silva and Mário Rui Pinho.

17 Large-scale distant-water trawl fisheries on seamounts.

Malcolm R. Clark, Vladimir I. Vinnichenko, John D.M. Gordon, Georgy Z. Beck-Bulat, Nikolai N. Kukharev and Alexander F. Kakora.

18 Catches from world seamount fisheries.

Reg Watson, Adrian Kitchingman and William Cheung.

19 Impacts of fisheries on seamounts.

Malcolm R. Clark and J. Anthony Koslow.

20 Management and conservation of seamounts.

P. Keith Probert, Sabine Christiansen, Kristina M. Gjerde, Susan Gubbay and Ricardo S. Santos.

21 The depths of ignorance: an ecosystem evaluation framework for seamount ecology, fisheries and conservation.

Tony J. Pitcher, Telmo Morato, Paul J.B. Hart, Malcolm R. Clark, Nigel Haggan and Ricardo S. Santos

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Tony J. Pitcher
Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Telmo Morato
Department of Oceanography and Fisheries, University of the Azores, Horta, Portugal

Paul J.B. Hart
Department of Biology, University of Leicester, United Kingdom

Malcolm R. Clark
National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand

Nigel Haggan
Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Ricardo S. Santos
Department of Oceanography and Fisheries, University of the Azores, Horta, Portugal

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  • Contents of the book constitutes the development of a world-wide effort to develop better insights into seamount ecosystems
  • Editors are world authorities on fisheries ecology
  • An essential tool for marine ecologists and fisheries managers
  • Vital reading for personnel in government agencies responsible for the protection of the marine environment, worldwide
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"This book is a very important contribution to the seamount field and I feel safe in predicting that it will be valuable resource for researchers and stakeholders for many years to come." (Environmental Conservation, December 2008)

"A brilliant and very useful book about a very important topic. An impressive collaboration." (Ausmarine)

"A Brilliant and very useful book about a very important topic. An impressive collaboration." (Work Boat World)

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