Managing Construction Logistics
August 2010, Wiley-Blackwell
Poor logistics is costing the construction industry at least £3 billion a year according to a report – ‘Improving Construction Logistics’ – published by the Strategic Forum for Construction. Additional costs arise as a result of operatives waiting for materials, and skilled craftsmen being used for unskilled jobs. Inadequate management of logistics also has an adverse effect on quality, causes delays to projects, and adds to the health and safety risks on site.
This practical book highlights the benefits of good logistics as well as the use of consolidation centres on projects. It shows how reduction in transport movements, less money tied up in stock, less waste, and the more efficient use of skilled craftsmen will reduce the cost of projects, reduce construction time, improve quality, reduce risks to health and safety, improve environmental performance and generally improve the image of the industry.
The authors offer practical ways of achieving these benefits through integrated project teams and supply chains and the increased adoption of information technology including electronic communications, bar coding, and electronic tagging for tracing products. They also show how specific roles for each part of the industry can help to improve logistics.
• Practical, clear and accessible
• First book to address logistics in construction
• Written by the industry-recognized logistics experts
• Tackles issues of key concern: efficient use of labour; sustainability; waste and supply chain management
About the Book.
About the Authors.
Dedication and Acknowledgements.
Glossary of Abbreviations.
Section 1: Contextualising Logistics for Construction.
1 The Origins of Logistics.
Definitions and origins of logistics.
The military origins of logistics.
Modern military logistics.
Parallel lines: construction and the military.
Section 2: Construction Logistics in Practice.
2 Construction Logistics in Practice.
Development of logistics.
Construction industry logistics.
Comparing construction with manufacturing.
Construction industry: traditional approach to logistics.
Construction industry: dedicated approach to logistics.
Cultural barriers to implementing integrated logistics in the construction industry.
Resistance to change.
3 An Introduction to Practical Logistics.
Planning is everything.
Waste not, want not?
Communication is the key.
Standardisation and pre-assembly in construction.
Creating professional logistics operations in the construction industry.
4 Mobilisation and Resourcing the Team.
Mobilisation and site set-up.
Resourcing the logistics team.
Contractual norms and logistics management.
Issues in current practice.
The specialist construction logistics contractor.
Employment and training.
5 Materials Delivery and Handling.
Contractual issues and current practice.
Getting materials to the site.
Common user plant: tower cranes.
Common user plant: lifts and hoists.
The scope and potential of common user plant.
Alternative forms of transport.
Batching plants or concrete deliveries?
Barcodes and radio-frequency identification.
6 Transport and Communications.
Introduction to traffic management.
Managing construction traffic on the highways.
Managing access points.
Managing haul roads.
An overview of communications.
The site logistics meeting.
Learning from the site.
7 Managing Critical Risks.
Importance of fire management.
Causes of fire.
The fire safety plan.
Fire marshals and fire wardens.
Contractual barriers to a seamless response.
Introduction to first aid and occupational health.
Creating the right level of first-aid provision.
Dealing with emergencies.
The remit of the security team.
Managing access to site.
9 Coordinating Infrastructure and Services.
10 Waste Management and Good Housekeeping.
Procurement of waste management services.
What is waste?
Challenges to good housekeeping on site.
A professional approach to waste management.
Potentials for further improvement.
Achieving good housekeeping.
Section 3: The Future of Construction Logistics.
11 Construction Consolidation Centres.
Consolidation centre concept.
Construction logistics consolidation centres: an outline.
The benefits of using a consolidation centre.
The challenges of pricing the logistics element of a contract.
The consolidation centre methodology.
Warehouse management systems.
Materials identification and tagging systems.
Value stream mapping.
The cost benefits of a consolidation centre.
Increasing the availability of materials.
Advantages offered to materials suppliers: better use of delivery vehicles.
Realising cost savings.
Non-financial benefits of the consolidation centre.
The social benefits of good supply chain management and logistics techniques.
Socially responsible supply chain management and logistics.
Considering the future application of the consolidation centre methodology.
Important considerations for the future.
12 Case Studies.
Case Study 1: Construction Logistics: The Heartbeat of a Project.
Case Study 2: Prescription to Reduce Waste: AstraZeneca.
Case Study 3: Consolidated Loads: The Answer to Space- and Access-constrained Sites.
Case Study 4: Come Up and See Me Some Time: The Value of Occupational Health.
Case Study 5: Terminal 5: Delivering Europe's Largest Construction Project Just in Time.
Case Study 6: Security Services at Tate Modern and Tate Britain.
Case Study 7: Refurbishment at Unilever House: Delivering Sustainability.
Conclusion: The Argument for Change.
Stephen Barthorpe is the Corporate Responsibility Manager for MITIE Group PLC, a major strategic outsourcing and asset management company. He is responsible for implementing the Group,s Corporate Responsibility strategy throughout the UK.
Stephen Robbins works at Laing O'Rourke Plc, as Off-Site Production Manager where he utilises his knowledge in the development and implementation of logistics strategies for a number of challenging projects, both at tender and at contract stage.
- Practical, clear and accessible
- First book to address logistics in construction
- Written by the industry-recognized logistics experts
- Tackles issues of key concern: efficient use of labour; sustainability; waste and supply chain management
"Practical, clear and accessible. First book to address logistics in construction. Written by the industry-recognized logistics experts. Tackles issues of key concern: efficient use of labor; sustainability; waste and supply chain management." (Medicaster, 29 October 2010)
"This guide emphasises the benefits of good logistics in construction and includes many detailed case studies. "I believe constructors ignore this book at their peril," says Peter Rogers CBE, chairman of the Green Building Council." (Construction Manager, September 2010)