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Basic Income: An Anthology of Contemporary Research

ISBN: 978-1-4051-5810-7
606 pages
August 2013, Wiley-Blackwell
Basic Income: An Anthology of Contemporary Research (1405158107) cover image

Description

Basic Income: An Anthology of Contemporary Research presents a compilation of six decades of Basic Income literature. It includes the most influential empirical research and theoretical arguments on all aspects of the Basic Income proposal.

  • Includes six decades of the most influential literature on Basic Income
  • Includes unpublished and hard-to-find articles
  • The first major compendium on one of the most innovative political reform proposals of our age
  • Explores multidisciplinary views of Basic Income, with philosophical, economic, political, and sociological views
  • Features contributions from key and well-known philosophers and economists, including Atkinson, Simon, Friedman, Fromm, Gorz, Offe, Rawls, Pettit, Van Parijs, and more
  • Presents the best theoretical and empirical arguments for and against Basic Income
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Table of Contents

About the Editors xi

Introduction: The Idea of an Unconditional Income for Everyone xiii
Karl Widerquist, Yannick Vanderborght, José A. Noguera, and Jurgen De Wispelaere

Part I: Freedom 1

Introduction: Freedom and Basic Income 2
Karl Widerquist

1. The Psychological Aspects of the Guaranteed Income 5
Erich Fromm

2. The Case for a Negative Income Tax: A View from the Right 11
Milton Friedman

3. Why Surfers Should Be Fed: The Crazy-Lazy Challenge 17
Philippe Van Parijs

4. Optional Freedoms 23
Elizabeth Anderson

5. A Republican Right to Basic Income 26
Philip Pettit

6. Why We Demand a Basic Income 32
Karl Widerquist

Part II: Justice 39

Introduction: Theories of Justice and Basic Income 40
Karl Widerquist

7. Left-libertarianism and a Global Rent Payment 43
Nicolaus Tideman and Peter Vallentyne

8. Guaranteed Income as a Replacement for the Welfare State 49
Charles Murray

9. A Capitalist Road to Communism 52
Robert van der Veen and Philippe Van Parijs

10. Why Marxists and Socialists Should Favor Basic Income 55
Michael Howard

11. Basic Income and the Common Good 62
Bill Jordan

12. Associations and Basic Income 72
Bill Jordan

Part III: Reciprocity and Exploitation 79

Introduction: Reciprocity and Exploitation 80
Karl Widerquist

13. Brief Comments on Leisure Time 85
John Rawls

14. Liberal Equality, Exploitation, and the Case for an Unconditional Basic Income 87
Stuart White

15. Clamshell Rents? How Resource Equality Causes Exploitation 93
Gijs Van Donselaar

16. Basic Income and the Work Ethic 101
Brian Barry

17. Fairness to Idleness: Is There a Right Not to Work? 105
Andrew Levine

18. Basic Income, Self-respect, and Reciprocity 114
Catriona McKinnon

19. Reciprocity and the Guaranteed Income 123
Karl Widerquist

20. The Morality of the Universal Grant Versus the Ethics of Paid Work 134
Robert van der Veen

Part IV: Feminism 141

Introduction: The Feminist Response to Basic Income 142
Yannick Vanderborght and Karl Widerquist

21. Is One Man’s Ceiling Another Woman’s Floor? 145
Ann Withorn

22. Why Basic Income does not Promote Gender Equality 149
Ann S. Orloff

23. A Gender Analysis of Basic Income 153
Ingrid Robeyns

24. A Basic Income for Feminists? 163
Tony Fitzpatrick

25. Free-riding and the Household 173
Carole Pateman

26. Promoting Gender Equity Through a Basic Income 178
Ailsa McKay

27. Good for Women 186
Anne Alstott

Part V: Economics 189

Introduction: The Economics of Basic Income 190
Karl Widerquist, José A. Noguera, and Yannick Vanderborght

28. The Case for an Income Guarantee 195
James Tobin

29. What Can We Learn from the Agathotopians? 200
James Meade

30. Basic Income and Effi ciency 205
Philippe Van Parijs

31. Basic Income as a Basis for Small Business 210
Bart Nooteboom

32. What (If Anything) Can We Learn from the Negative Income Tax Experiments? 216
Karl Widerquist

33. Efficiency and Participation: The Basic Income Approach 230
Bill Jordan

34. Subsidize Wages 235
Edmund Phelps

35. Universal Basic Income and the Flat Tax 240
Herbert A. Simon

36. Democracy and General Welfare 242
James M. Buchanan

37. Basic Income and Social Power 246
Koen Raes

38. Cost Estimates for a Basic Income in the United States 255
Charles M.A. Clark

Part VI: Post-productivism 259

Introduction: Basic Income as a Post-productivist Policy 260
José A. Noguera and Karl Widerquist

39. Ecologism and Basic Income 263
Tony Fitzpatrick

40. A Green Case for Basic Income? 269
Philippe Van Parijs

41. A Non-productivist Design for Social Policies 275
Claus Offe

42. A Post-productivist Welfare Regime 283
Robert E. Goodin

43. Demoralizing the Labor Market: Could Jobs be Like Cars and Concerts? 289
Bert Hamminga

44. Beyond the Wage-based Society 297
André Gorz

45. The Relevance of Basic Income for Post-industrial Economies 307
Fred Block

Part VII: Implementation 311

Introduction: The Implementation of Basic Income 312
Karl Widerquist, José A. Noguera, Yannick Vanderborght, and Jurgen De Wispelaere

46. The Shadow of Speenhamland 315
Fred Block and Margaret Somers

47. The Stability of Basic Income 331
Jos de Beus

48. Basic Income and the Welfare State 339
Samuel Brittan

49. Basic Income and Contributory Pensions 346
José A. Noguera

50. Basic Income as a Minimally Presumptuous Social Welfare Policy 351
Robert E. Goodin

51. The Basic Income Guarantee as an Exit Option 357
Joel Handler and Amanda Sheely Babcock

52. Practical Bottlenecks in the Implementation of a Universal Basic Income 360
Jurgen De Wispelaere and Lindsay Stirton

Part VIII: Institutions 369

Introduction: Institutional Versions and Cognates of Basic Income 370
José A. Noguera

53. A Global Resources Dividend 375
Thomas W. Pogge

54. From Euro-Stipendium to Euro-Dividend 392
Philippe Van Parijs and Yannick Vanderborght

55. Negative Income Tax: The Original Idea 398
Milton Friedman

56. The Case for a Progressive Negative Income Tax 402
Fred Block and Jeff Manza

57. Stakeholding versus Basic Income 417
Bruce Ackerman and Anne Alstott

58. Reciprocity-sensitive Forms of Basic Income 429
Stuart White

59. Participation Income 435
Anthony B. Atkinson

60. The Trilemma of Participation Income 439
Jurgen De Wispelaere and Lindsay Stirton

61. Sabbatical Grants 447
Claus Offe and Johan de Deken

62. A Uniform Refundable Tax Credit 453
Lily L. Batchelder, Fred T. Goldberg Jr., and Peter R. Orszag

63. A Household Basic Income 461
Luis Sanzo and Rafael Pinilla

64. A Coming-of-Age Grant versus a Community Capital Grant 464
Guy Standing

Part IX: Politics 471

Introduction: Politics 472
Yannick Vanderborght, José A. Noguera, and Karl Widerquist

65. Political Strategies for Basic Income 477
David Purdy

66. The Lack of Political Support for an Income by Right 485
Bill Cavala and Aaron Wildavsky

67. The Ambiguities of Basic Income from a Trade Union Perspective 497
Yannick Vanderborght

68. Basic Income and Social Europe 509
Fritz Scharpf

69. Is Basic Income Politically Feasible in a Social Europe? 516
Philippe Van Parijs

70. Basic Income in the South 523
Philippe Van Parijs

71. How Cash Transfers Promote the Case for Basic Income 527
Guy Standing

72. Basic Income and the New Class Struggle 548
Philippe Van Parijs

73. A “Package Solution” for Basic Income 555
Claus Offe, Ulrich Mückenberger and Ilona Ostner

74. Pathways from Here 560
Claus Offe

Index 564

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Author Information

Karl Widerquist is an Associate Professor of Philosophy at SFS-Qatar, Georgetown University. He holds a doctorate in political theory from Oxford University (2006) and a doctorate in economics from the City University of New York (1996). He is the author of Independence, Propertylessness, and Basic Income: A Theory of Freedom as the Power to Say No (2013). He is co-author of Economics for Social Workers (2002) and co-editor of Alaska’s Permanent Fund Dividend: Examining its Suitability as a Model (2012) and Exporting the Alaska Model: Adapting the Permanent Fund Dividend for Reform Around the World (2012).

José A. Noguera is an Associate Professor at the Department of Sociology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain, and director of the Analytical Sociology and Institutional Design Research Group (GSADI). He holds a PhD in sociology from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and has been a visiting researcher at the University of California, Berkeley and at the London School of Economics and Political Science. His research covers sociological theory, philosophy of social science, social policy, as well as normative social theory, and has been published in journals such as Social Science Information, Basic Income Studies, South European Society & Politics, Travailler, Papers, or Revista Internacional de Sociología. He is a member of the European Network of Analytical Sociologists, and serves on the International Advisory Board of the BIEN (Basic Income Earth Network). He is co-editor of Papers. Revista de Sociologia, and editorial board member of Basic Income Studies.

Yannick Vanderborght is Professor of Political Science at the Université Saint-Louis Brussels, where he currently directs the Research Centre in Political Science (CReSPo). He is also a member of the Hoover Chair (Louvain), of the Executive Committee of the Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN), and an associate editor of Basic Income Studies. He co-authored with Ph. Van Parijs L'allocation universelle (2005), and has published several articles on basic income and related issues. He is the co-editor (with Axel Gosseries) of Arguing about justice: Essays for Philippe Van Parijs (2011).

Jurgen De Wispelaere is an MHERC Research Fellow at the Biomedical Ethics Unit, McGill University, Canada. Previously he taught at Trinity College Dublin and University College Dublin. His published work on basic income has appeared in Analyse und Kritik, The Political Quarterly, Social Services Review, Policy and PoliticsInternational Social Security Review, Politics and Political Studies. He is a founding editor of the journal Basic Income Studies and co-editor of The Ethics of Stakeholding (2003) and Recognition, Equality and Democracy (2007). He is currently completing a book on Republicanism, co-authored by Simon Birnbaum and David Casassas.

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Reviews

Basic Income: An Anthology of Contemporary Research offers an immensely engaging picture of the contemporary discussion about basic income. The book contains a truly amazing collection of articles. A must read for all those interested in the topic.”
—Roberto Gargarella, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella

Basic Income: An Anthology of Contemporary Research is an extraordinary collection of writings on basic income. It provides both a superb introduction to the idea of basic income for those unfamiliar with the issues, and by far the most interesting and comprehensive collection of sophisticated discussions for those already immersed in the subject.”
—Erik Olin Wright, University of Wisconsin-Madison

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