Principles and Practice of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance in Congenital Heart Disease: Form, function and flow
May 2010, Wiley-Blackwell
Edited by Mark A. Fogel, MD, FACC, FAHA, FAAP, Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Radiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; Director of Cardiac MR, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
CMR is a powerful tool in the armamentarium of pediatric cardiology and health care workers caring for patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), but a successful study still presents major technical and clinical challenges. This text was created to give trainees, practitioners, allied professionals, and researchers a repository of dependable information and images to base their use of CMR on.
Because CHD presents an intricate web of connections and associations that need to be deciphered, the imager performing CMR needs to understand not only anatomy, physiology, function, and surgery for CHD, but also the technical aspects of imaging. Written by experts from the world’s leading institutions, many of whom pioneered the techniques and strategies described, the text is organized in a logical way to provide a complete understanding of the issues involved. It is divided into three main parts:
- The Basics of CMR - familiarizes the reader with the minimum tools needed to understand the basics, such as evaluating morphology, ventricular function, and utilizing contrast agents
- CMR of Congenital and Acquired Pediatric Heart Disease - discusses broad categories of CHD and the use of CMR in specific disease states
- Special Topics in Pediatric Cardiac MR - covers other important areas such as the complementary role of CT scanning, interventional CMR, the role of the technologist in performing a CMR exam, and more
With the ever increasing sophistication of technology, more can be done with CMR in a high quality manner in a shorter period of time than had been imagined as recently as just a few years ago. Principles and Practice of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance in Congenital Heart Disease: Form, Function, and Flow makes a major contribution to applying these techniques to improved patient care. An ideal introduction for the novice or just the curious, this reference will be equally useful to the seasoned practitioner who wants to keep pace with developments in the field and would like a repository of information and images readily availalble.
Part I: The Basics of Cardiac MR.
1. Physics of cardiac MR and Image Formation (Orlando P Simonetti and Georgeta Mihai).
2. Technical Aspects of Pediatric Cardiac MR (Christopher Occleshaw).
3. Assessment of Morphology (John C Wood).
4. Assessment of Ventricular Function and Blood Flow (Mark A Fogel).
5. Contrast cardiac MR – Anatomy, Physiology, Viability and Perfusion (Scott D Flamm).
Part II: MR of Congenital and Acquired Pediatric Heart Disease.
6. The Normal Pediatric Cardiac MR Exam and the Segmental Diagnosis of the Heart (Matthew Harris and Mark A Fogel).
7. Abnormalities of the Atria and Veins (Tiffanie Johnson and Mark A Fogel).
8. Abnormalities of the Ventricles and Pericardium (Beth F Printz).
9. MRI in conotruncal anomalies (except tetralogy of Fallot) (Willem A Helbing and Adriaan Moelker).
10. Tetralogy of Fallot: morphology and function (Arno AW Roest, Lucia JM Kroft and Albert de Roos).
11 Aortic arch anomalies (Paul M Weinberg and Kevin K Whitehead).
12. MR assessment of pulmonary circulation (Shi-Joon Yoo and Lars Grosse-Wortmann).
13. Valvular heart disease (Juha Koskenvuo, Karen G Ordovás and Charles B Higgins).
14. Imaging coronary arteries in children (Gerald F Greil, Rene M Botnar and Taylor Chung).
15. Other Complex Congenital Heart Disease – Complex Spatial Relationships, Heterotaxy and Conjoined Twins (Rajesh Krishnamurthy and Taylor Chung).
Part III: Special Topics in Cardiac MR of Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease.
16 Cardiac magnetic resonance of single ventricles (Mark A Fogel).
17 Baffles and conduits (Philipp Beerbaum, Israel Valverde,
Gerald F Greil and Sonya V Babu-Narayan).
18 Cardiac tumors (Ashwin Prakash).
19 Considerations in the post-operative patient (G Wesley Vick III).
20 Interventional magnetic resonance imaging (Gerald F Greil, Sanjeet Hegde, Kawal Rhode, Carsten Schirra, Philipp Beerbaum and Reza Razavi).
21 Adult congenital heart disease (Victor A Ferrari and Alexander R Opotowsky).
22 Cardiovascular computed tomographic angiography: complementary role to magnetic resonance imaging (Jeffrey C Hellinger and Stephen C Cook).
23 Radiation in cardiac imaging in congenital heart disease (Mark A Fogel).
24 Pediatric cardiovascular MRI in the outpatient private practice setting (Nancy L Morris and Edward T Martin).
25 The role of the technologist in performing a cardiac MRI (CMR) exam (Christine Harris).
Associate Professor of Pediatric Cardiology and Radiology
Director of Cardiac MR
University of PA School of Medicine/The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
- The Basics of Cardiac MR
- MR of Congenital and Acquired Pediatric Heart Disease
- Special Topics in Pediatric Cardiac MR
Every cardiac imaging lab should keep a copy of this book available for reference.
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Any project of this magnitude can never be done by one individual alone. I would first like to thank Steve Korn of Blackwell-Futura, who was willing to give a project like this a shot. There are many people in Wiley Blackwell-Futura who contributed many long and hard hours and whose patience and persistence has paid off such as Kate Newell, Gina Almond, and Beckie Brand. This book would not be possible without the long list of my colleagues and contributors who did such wonderful and thorough work on their topics – I owe them a debt of gratitude. I had much help on the administrative side from Stacey Casper and I wanted to thank her for all their efforts.
I would also like to thank some of the people who inspired me and whom I worked with through the years:
Ultimately, however, I want to thank you, the reader, whose interest in reading or purchasing this textbook is the spark which gave this project its life in the first place.