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Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes

Stephen Wratten (Editor), Harpinder Sandhu (Editor), Ross Cullen (Editor), Robert Costanza (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-4051-7008-6
218 pages
April 2013, Wiley-Blackwell
Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes (1405170085) cover image


Ecosystem services are the resources and processes supplied by natural ecosystems which benefit humankind (for example, pollination of crops by insects, or water filtration by wetlands). They underpin life on earth, provide major inputs to many economic sectors and support our lifestyles. Agricultural and urban areas are by far the largest users of ecosystems and their services and (for the first time) this book explores the role that ecosystem services play in these managed environments. The book also explores methods of evaluating ecosystem services, and discusses how these services can be maintained and enhanced in our farmlands and cities. This book will be useful to students and researchers from a variety of fields, including applied ecology, environmental economics, agriculture and forestry, and also to local and regional planners and policy makers.

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Table of Contents

Contributors xi

Reviewers xiv

Foreword xv

Introduction xvi
Steve Wratten, Harpinder Sandhu, Ross Cullen and Robert Costanza

Part A: Scene Setting 1

1 Ecosystem Services in Farmland and Cities 3
Harpinder Sandhu and Steve Wratten

2 Ecological Processes, Functions and Ecosystem Services: Inextricable Linkages between Wetlands and Agricultural Systems 16
Onil Banerjee, Neville D. Crossman and Rudolf S. de Groot

3 Key Ideas and Concepts from Economics for Understanding the Roles and Value of Ecosystem Services 28
Pamela Kaval and Ramesh Baskaran

Part B: Ecosystem Services in Three Settings 43

4 Viticulture can be Modified to Provide Multiple Ecosystem Services 45
Sofia Orre-Gordon, Marco Jacometti, Jean Tompkins and Steve Wratten

5 Aquaculture and Ecosystem Services: Reframing the Environmental and Social Debate 58
Corinne Baulcomb

6 Urban Landscapes and Ecosystem Services 83
Jürgen Breuste, Dagmar Haase and Thomas Elmqvist

Part C: Measuring and Monitoring Ecosystem Services at Multiple Levels 105

7 Scale-dependent Ecosystem Service 107
Yangjian Zhang, Claus Holzapfel and Xiaoyong Yuan

8 Experimental Assessment of Ecosystem Services in Agriculture 122
Harpinder Sandhu, John Porter and Steve Wratten

Part D: Designing Ecological Systems to Deliver Ecosystem Services 137

9 Towards Multifunctional Agricultural Landscapes for the Upper Midwest Region of the USA 139
Nicholas Jordan and Keith Douglass Warner

10 Supply Chain Management and the Delivery of Ecosystems Services in Manufacturing 157
Mary Haropoulou, Clive Smallman and Jack Radford

11 Market-based Instruments and Ecosystem Services: Opportunity and Experience to Date 178
Stuart M. Whitten and Anthea Coggan

Epilogue: Equitable and Sustainable Systems 194
Steve Wratten, Harpinder Sandhu, Ross Cullen and Robert Costanza

Index 196

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Author Information

Steve Wratten is Professor of Ecology at Lincoln University, New Zealand and Deputy Director of the Bio-Protection Research Centre there, one of the country’s Centres of Research Excellence. He has studied or worked at the universities of Reading, Glasgow, London, Cambridge and Southampton, UK. He holds three doctorates and is an elected Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand. His research focuses on evaluating and enhancing ecosystem services in agriculture, especially the biological control of pests, pollination, and below-soil processes.

Harpinder Sandhu is a Research Fellow in the School of the Environment, Flinders University, South Australia. His research focuses on ecosystem services in managed landscapes. Harpinder also works on poverty-environment interactions in developing countries with their implications for equitable and sustainable development. He is also interested in land use and land cover change and its impact on biodiversity and ecosystem services.

Ross Cullen has taught and researched at Lincoln University, New Zealand since 1991, as Professor of Resource Economics. He is an Editor of the Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. His current research focuses on management and evaluation of biodiversity projects, ecosystem services in agriculture and forestry, and public perceptions of the state of the environment.

Robert Costanza is Professor and Chair in Public Policy at the Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia. His transdisciplinary research integrates the study of humans and the rest of nature to address research, policy and management issues at multiple time and space scales, from small watersheds to global systems. He is co-founder and past-president of the International Society for Ecological Economics, and was chief editor of the society's journal, Ecological Economics from its inception in 1989 until 2002. He is founding editor-in-chief of Solutions (www.thesolutionsjournal.org) a new hybrid academic/popular journal.

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“In summary, I think that this book is a useful addition to the literature. . . Thus, I would recommend this book to economists, policy makers, land managers and students wanting to get a relatively clear and concise overview on the key aspects of ES.”  (Australian Journal of Agricultural & Resource Economics, 8 January 2014)

“This book is an introductory text that will be useful to students and researchers from a broad range of fields. What I do like and thoroughly enjoyed about this book is that it demonstrates the multiple facets or faces of ecosystem services and the benefits humans derive from them.”  (Restoration Ecology, 1 September 2013)

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