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Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult

Wyman Lai (Editor), Luc Mertens (Editor), Meryl Cohen (Editor), Tal Geva (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-4051-7401-5
808 pages
October 2009, Wiley-Blackwell
Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult (1405174013) cover image
Echocardiography is essential in the practice of pediatric cardiology. A clinical pediatric cardiologist is expected to be adept at the non-invasive diagnosis of congenital heart disease and those who plan to specialize in echocardiography will need to have knowledge of advanced techniques.

Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease addresses the needs of trainees and practitioners in this field, filling a void caused by the lack of material in this fast-growing area. This new title comprehensively covers the echocardiographic assessment of congenital heart disease, from the fetus to the adult, plus acquired heart disease in children.

Topics covered include:

  • ultrasound physics
  • laboratory set-up
  • a protocol for a standard pediatric echocardiogram
  • quantitative methods of echocardiographic evaluation, including assessment of diastolic function
  • in depth coverage of congenital cardiovascular malformations
  • acquired pediatric heart disease
  • topics of special interest, such as 3D echocardiography, transesophageal echocardiography, and fetal echocardiography

The approach of this book is a major advancement for educational materials in the field of pediatric cardiology, and greatly enhances the experience for the reader. An accompanying DVD with moving images of the subjects covered in the textbook will further enhance the learning experience.

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List of Contributors vii

Preface xi

Part 1 Introduction to Cardiac Ultrasound Imaging

1. Ultrasound Physics 3
Piet Claus and Jan D'hooge

2. Laboratory Function, Instrumentation, Patient Preparation and Patient Safety 15
Richard A. Humes

3. Nomenclature and Segmental Approach to Congenital Heart Disease 22
Tal Geva

4. The Normal Pediatric Echocardiogram 34
Wyman W. Lai and H. Helen Ko

Part 2 Quantitative Methods

5. Structural Measurements and Adjustment for Growth 53
Thierry Sluysmans and Steven D. Colan

6. Hemodynamic Measurements 63
Steven D. Colan

7. Echocardiographic Evaluation of Systolic Function 76
Luc L. Mertens, Javier Ganame and Bénédicte Eyskens

8. Diastolic Ventricular Function Assessment 95
Peter C. Frommelt

Part 3 Anomalies of the Systemic and Pulmonary Veins, Septa and Atrioventricular Junction

9. Pulmonary Venous Anomalies 119
David W. Brown

10. Systemic Venous Anomalies 143
Leo Lopez and James C. Huhta

11. Anomalies of the Atrial Septum 158
Tal Geva

12. Anomalies of the Ventricular Septum 175
Geoffrey A. Forbus and Girish S. Shirali

13. Tricuspid Valve and Right Atrial Anomalies 188
Ulrike E. Salzer-Muhar

14. Mitral Valve and Left Atrial Anomalies 214
James C. Nielsen and Sharon E. O'Brien

15. Common Atrioventricular Canal Defects 230
Meryl S. Cohen

Part 4 Anomalies of the Ventriculoarterial Junction and Great Arteries

16. Anomalies of the Right Ventricular Outflow Tract and Pulmonary Valve 251
Matthew S. Lemler and Claudio Ramaciotti

17. Pulmonary Atresia with Intact Ventricular Septum 264
Jami C. Levine

18. Abnormalities of the Ductus Arteriosus and Pulmonary Arteries 283
Theresa A. Tacy

19. Anomalies of the Left Ventricular Outflow Tract and Aortic Valve 297
John M. Simpson

20. Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome 315
David J. Goldberg and Jack Rychik

21. Aortic Arch Anomalies: Coarctation of the Aorta and Interrupted Aortic Arch 339
Jan Marek, Matthew Fenton and Sachin Khambadkone

22. Tetralogy of Fallot 362
Shubhika Srivastava and Ira A. Parness

23. Truncus Arteriosus 385
Mark B. Lewin and Jack C. Salerno

24. Transposition of the Great Arteries 398
Luc L. Mertens, Manfred Otto Vogt, Jan Marek and Meryl S. Cohen

25. Double-Outlet Ventricle 417
Leo Lopez

26. Physiologically "Corrected" Transposition of the Great Arteries 439
Erwin Oechslin

Part 5 Miscellaneous Cardiovascular Lesions

27. Functionally Univentricular Heart 459
Stéphane L.J. Moniotte and Catherine Barrea

28. Cardiac Malpositions and Heterotaxy Syndrome 476
Irene D. Lytrivi and Wyman W. Lai

29. Congenital Anomalies of the Coronary Arteries 502
J. René Herlong

30. Vascular Rings and Slings 523
Andrew J. Powell

31. Connective Tissue Disorders 537
Julie De Backer, Ann De Paepe, Bart Loeys and Harry C. Dietz

32. Cardiac Tumors 547
Michele A. Frommelt

Part 6 Anomalies of Ventricular Myocardium

33. Dilated Cardiomyopathy and Myocarditis 559
Carolyn T. Spencer

34. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy 581
Colin J. McMahon and Javier Ganame

35. Restrictive Cardiomyopathy and Pericardial Disease 597
Cecile Tissot, Christina Phelps and Adel K. Younoszai

36. Other Anomalies of the Ventricular Myocardium 619
Mary Etta E. King

Part 7 Acquired Pediatric Heart Disease

37. Kawasaki Disease 637
Erik C. Michelfelder

38. Rheumatic Fever 648
Luciana T. Young

39. Infective Endocarditis 657
Manfred Otto Vogt

Part 8 Special Techniques and Topics

40. Transesophageal Echocardiography 671
J. Geoffrey Stevenson

41. 3D Echocardiography 687
Folkert Jan Meijboom, Annemien van den Bosch and Jackie McGhie

42. Fetal Echocardiography 717
Lisa K. Hornberger

43. Vascular Ultrasound Imaging in Children 745
Elif Seda Selamet Tierney and Tajinder P. Singh

44. The Echocardiographic Assessment of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension 754
Jeffrey F. Smallhorn

Appendix 1: Normal Values for Cardiovascular Structures 765

Appendix 2: Echocardiography in Pediatric Disease States with Diastolic Dysfunction
Peter C. Frommelt [Available on the enclosed DVD-ROM]

Index 786

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Wyman W. Lai, Mount Sinai Medical Center, USA

Luc Mertens, University Hospital Leuven, Belgium

Meryl S. Cohen, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, USA

Tal Geva, Children's Hospital Boston, USA

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A comprehensive look at the echocardiographic assessment of congenital heart disease from the fetus to the adult, plus acquired heart disease in children

Editors are recognized leaders in the field

Includes a DVD with moving images of the subjects covered in the book

This approach is a major advancement for educational materials in the field of pediatric cardiology, and greatly enhances the experience for the reader

See More

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