Children and Social Exclusion: Morality, Prejudice, and Group Identity
May 2011, Wiley-Blackwell
Formulates an original theory about children’s experiences with exclusion and how they understand the world of discrimination based on group membership
Brings together Social Domain Theory and Social Identity Theory to explain how children view exclusion that often results in prejudice, and inclusion that reflects social justice and morality
Presents new research data consisting of in-depth interviews from childhood to late adolescence, observational findings with peer groups, and experimental paradigms that test how children understand group dynamics and social norms, and show either group bias or morality
Illustrates data with direct quotes from children along with diagrams depicting their social understanding
Presents new insights about the origins of prejudice and group bias, as well as morality and fairness, drawn from extensive original data
Chapter 1: Introduction: Exclusion and Inclusion in Children’s Lives.
Chapter 2: Emergence of Morality and Inclusion.
Chapter 3: Emergence of Categorization and Prejudice.
Chapter 4: Development of Group Identity and Prejudice.
Chapter 5: What we know about Peer Relations, Group Identity, and Exclusion.
Chapter 6: Intragroup and Intergroup Exclusion: An In-depth Study.
Chapter 7: Peer Exclusion and Group Identity Around the World: The Role of Culture.
Chapter 8: Interventions for Promoting Morality and Positive Intergroup Attitudes.
Chapter 9: Integration of Morality, Prejudice, and Group Identity: A New Perspective.
Adam Rutland is Professor of Developmental Psychology at the Child Development Unit and Centre for the Study of Group Processes in the School of Psychology at the University of Kent. Previously he has been a British Academy Post-doctoral Fellow at the University of Surrey and been a member of Faculty at the University of Aberdeen. His research examines the development of children's prejudice and social identities. He has conducted recent research into when and how children learn to self-present their explicit attitudes; how intergroup contact can reduce children's prejudice; children's exclusion of peers within groups and acculturation amongst ethnic minority children.
“Killen and Rutland provide expert broad-ranging reviews of relevant theories, research, and interventions and conclude with an integrative framework for understanding and addressing peer exclusion." (Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 2012)"Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty and professionals." (Choice, 1 November 2011) This is an outstanding book. Through their masterful integration of developmental and social psychological theories and research, Killen and Rutland have made a major contribution to our understanding of children's morality, social identity, exclusion, and intergroup relationships. This very engaging book is a must-read for scholars and others interested in these important and timely topics.
—Judi Smetana, University of Rochester
This book makes important and unique contributions to the study of intergroup relations, morality, and social development. The authors, who are distinguished scholars in this area, introduce original insights that synthesize past research and will guide research in this area for many years to come.
—John F. Dovidio, Yale University
This excellent book offers a sweeping treatment of a problem that all people either experience or fear at some time in their lives: social exclusion. The authors examine the problem from a developmental perspective, offering a comprehensive account of the roots, effects, and broader significance of social exclusion during childhood. This original, integrative account now stands as the definitive work on this familiar dimension of children's social development.
— William Damon, Stanford University
Killen and Rutland have done an extraordinary job illuminating a critical phenomenon: when and why children exclude other children. This topic has never been more important, and their book is scholarly, fascinating, wise, and extremely valuable. It is a must-read for everyone interested in understanding how to work toward a just society.
—Carol Dweck, Stanford University