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The Renal System at a Glance, 3rd Edition

ISBN: 978-1-4051-8472-4
128 pages
September 2009, Wiley-Blackwell
The Renal System at a Glance, 3rd Edition (1405184728) cover image


Following the familiar, easy-to-use at a Glance format, and now in full-colour, The Renal System at a Glance is an accessible introduction and revision text for medical students. Fully revised and updated to reflect changes to the content and assessment methods used by medical schools, this at a Glance provides a user-friendly overview of the renal system to encapsulate all that the student needs to know.

This new edition of The Renal System at a Glance:

  • Now features new self-assessment case studies with short answer questions to increase clinical relevance and reinforce learning
  • Includes a new chapter ‘Chronic kidney disease and kidney disease in the elderly’
  • Now includes the latest guidelines and classifications for chronic kidney disease and hypertension
  • Contains full-colour artwork throughout, making the subject even easier to understand
  • The companion site at www.ataglanceseries.com/renalsystem contains multiple choice questions (MCQs) and full feedback on your answers

It’s an invaluable resource for all medical students, junior doctors, and for those training in allied health professions, including specialist nurses working on renal or intensive care wards.

Review of the previous edition

"Students in their pre-clinical years will find this book an excellent and thorough introduction to the renal system and may well struggle without a book of this calibre... This is a book that should be on the bookshelf of all medical students, there's no excuse not to have a copy! In addition, undergraduates from life science/health allied disciplines and clinicians are likely to find this book useful as a source of reference."
GKT Gazette, September 2006

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Table of Contents


1 The kidney: structural overview.

2 The kidney: functional overview.

3 Development of the renal system.

4 Clinical features of kidney disease.

5 The kidney: laboratory investigations and diagnostic imaging.

Basic renal science.

6 Renal sodium handling.

7 Renal potassium handling.

8 Renal acid–base and buffer concepts.

9 Renal acid–base handling.

10 Calcium, phosphate, and magnesium metabolism.

11 The kidney and water handling.

12 Erythropoietin and anemia in renal disease.

13 Renal vascular biology.

14 Drug and organic molecule handling by the kidney.

15 Renal pharmacology: diuretics.

Disorders of renal metabolic function.

16 Hereditary disorders of tubular transport.

17 Regulation of body sodium and body water.

18 Disorders of sodium and water metabolism.

19 Hyponatremia and hypernatremia.

20 The edema states: sodium and water retention.

21 Regulation of potassium metabolism.

22 Hypokalemia and hyperkalemia.

23 Regulation of divalent ions and disorders of phosphate and magnesium.

24 Hypocalcemia and hypercalcemia.

25 Acid–base regulation and responses to acid–base.


26 Clinical disorders of acid–base metabolism and metabolic acidosis.

27 Metabolic alkalosis, respiratory acidosis, and respiratory alkalosis.

28 Renal tubular acidosis.

Renal disease processes.

29 Glomerular disease: an overview.

30 Glomerular pathologies and their associated diseases.

31 Specific diseases affecting the glomeruli.

32 Tubulointerstitial disease.

33 Proteinuria and the nephrotic syndrome.

34 Hypertension: causes and clinical evaluation.

35 Hypertension: complications and therapy.

36 Diabetes mellitus and the kidney.

37 Renal vascular disease.

38 Polycystic kidney disease.

39 Acute kidney injury: pathophysiology.

40 Acute kidney injury: clinical aspects.

41 Chronic kidney disease and kidney function in the elderly.

42 Severe chronic kidney disease and renal bone disease.

43 Severe chronic kidney disease: clinical complications and their management.

44 Treatment of kidney failure with dialysis.

45 Peritoneal dialysis and continuous hemofiltration.

46 Renal transplantation.

47 Urinary tract infection.

48 Renal tract stones.

49 Renal tract cancer.

50 Pregnancy and the renal system.


Self-assessment: case studies and questions.

Self-assessment: answers.

Appendix: normal values.

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Author Information

Chris O'Callaghan, Reader and Honorary Consultant Nephrologist, Nuffield Department of Medicine, and Oxford Kidney Unit, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe and Churchill Hospitals, Oxford, UK
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This is an excellent book with clear easy to follow literature. It provides the student with the opportunity to understand the key relevant issues that encompass renal medicine. (Karen Nagalingam, School of Nursing & Midwifery, University of Hertfordshire)

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