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A Companion to the Latin Language

James Clackson (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-4051-8605-6
664 pages
September 2011, Wiley-Blackwell
A Companion to the Latin Language (1405186054) cover image


A Companion to the Latin Language presents a collection of original essays from international scholars that track the development and use of the Latin language from its origins to its modern day usage.

  • Brings together contributions from internationally renowned classicists, linguists and Latin language specialists
  • Offers, in a single volume, a detailed account of different literary registers of the Latin language
  • Explores the social and political contexts of Latin
  • Includes new accounts of the Latin language in light of modern linguistic theory
  • Supplemented with illustrations covering the development of the Latin alphabet
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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations viii

Notes on Contributors x

Abbreviations of Ancient Authors and Works xiv

Abbreviations of Modern Sources xx

Symbols Used xxiv

Linguistic and Other Abbreviations xxv

1 Introduction 1
James Clackson

PART I Sources 7

2 The Latin Alphabet and Orthography 9
Rex Wallace

3 Latin Inscriptions and Documents 29
James Clackson

4 Latin Manuscripts and Textual Traditions 40
Bruce Gibson

5 Romance Languages as a Source for Spoken Latin 59
Roger Wright

PART II The Language 81

6 The Sounds of Latin: Phonology 83
Matthew McCullagh

7 Latin Prosody and Metrics 92
Benjamin W. Fortson IV

8 The Forms of Latin: Inflectional Morphology 105
James Clackson

9 Latin Syntax 118
Geoffrey Horrocks

10 Latin Vocabulary 144
Michèle Fruyt

11 Word-Formation in Classical Latin 157
Michèle Fruyt

12 Latin Particles and the Grammar of Discourse 176
Caroline Kroon

PART III Latin Through Time 197

13 The Historical Background to Latin within the Indo-European Language Family 199
Benjamin W. Fortson IV

14 Archaic and Old Latin 220
John Penney

15 Classical Latin 236
James Clackson

16 Late Latin 257
J.N. Adams

17 Medieval Latin 284
Greti Dinkova-Bruun

18 Neo-Latin 303
David Butterfield

PART IV Literary Registers of Latin 319

19 The Language of Roman Comedy 321
Wolfgang de Melo

20 The Language of Latin Epic and Lyric Poetry 344
Rolando Ferri

21 The Language of Latin Verse Satire 367
Anna Chahoud

22 The Language of Roman Oratory and Rhetoric 384
J.G.F. Powell

23 The Language of Latin Historiography 408
Christina Shuttleworth Kraus

24 Epistolary Latin 426
Hilla Halla-aho

25 Latin as a Technical and Scientific Language 445
Thorsten Fögen

26 Legal Latin 464
J.G.F. Powell

27 Christian Latin 485
Philip Burton

PART V Latin in Social and Political Contexts 503

28 The Social Dialects of Latin 505
James Clackson

29 Latin and Other Languages: Societal and Individual Bilingualism 527
Alex Mullen

30 Language Policies in the Roman Republic and Empire 549
Bruno Rochette

31 Latin Inside and Outside of Rome 564
Giovanbattista Galdi

References 582

Index Locorum 619

Index 627

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Author Information

James Clackson is University Senior Lecturer in Classics at the University of Cambridge.  He is the author of Indo-European Languages (2007) and The Linguistic Relationship between Armenian and Greek (1994).  He is co-author of The Blackwell History of the Latin Language (with Geoffrey Horrocks, Wiley-Blackwell 2007), and co-editor of Indo-European Word Formation (with Birgit Anette Olsen, 2004), and Natural Composition in Indo-European Languages (with Torsten Meißner, 2002).
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