Confucius and Confucianism: The Essentials
May 2010, ©2010, Wiley-Blackwell
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Preface: Why Confucius?
1 Confucius’ World and His Life.
Confucius’ World: Looking Back to a Long, Unifi ed Civilization.
The Zhou Dynasty.
Ancestors and Spirits.
Heaven and the “Choice of Heaven”.
The Decline of the Zhou Dynasty and the Rise of the Warring States.
The Life of Confucius.
Versions of the Texts.
Hagiography, the Pious Stories of Confucius’ Life.
Scholarly Versions of Confucius’ Life.
2 Confucius’ Teachings I: The Foundation of a Good Person.
Dutifulness or Loyalty.
Honesty and Sincerity.
Rightness and Knowledge.
Understanding, Sympathy, Compassion.
3 Confucius’ Teachings II: The Foundation of a Good Society and Other Topics.
Setting Words Right.
For the Benefi t of the People.
Education without Distinction.
The Gods, the Spirits of the Dead, and the Afterlife.
The Choice of Heaven and Heaven.
4 Terms, and Mozi.
Problems with “Schools” and “-isms”.
Problems with the Term “Confucianism”.
Mozi and Mohism.
Human Nature is Good.
Human Nature and Heaven.
Mencius on Confucian Themes.
Human Nature is Evil.
Morality is Artifi cial.
Xunzi on Confucian Themes.
8 Confucians, “Confucian” Texts, and the Qin Dynasty.
Other Confucian Groups.
Confucius and “Confucian” Texts.
The First Emperor and the Reunifi cation of China.
9 The Han Dynasty, 206 BCE–220 CE.
History and Development.
The Classics in the Han.
The New Text School.
The Yin-Yang Theory.
The Five Phases.
The Status of Confucius.
The Old Text School.
Other Confucian Texts in the Han Dynasty.
10 From the Han to the Tang Dynasties, 220–907 CE.
Buddhism and Its Development.
Confucianism from the Han to the Tang Dynasties.
Civil Service Examinations and the Imperial Civil Service.
The Civil Service.
The Status of Confucius in Imperial China.
Confucius as a God.
Confucianism outside of China: Korea, Japan, and Vietnam.
The Northern and Southern Song Dynasties.
Issues in Neo-Confucianism.
Early Neo-Confucian Thinkers.
Zhu Xi (1130–1200) and Li Xue, the School of Principle.
The School of Mind/Heart.
12 Confucianism and Modernity.
The Qing Dynasty, 1644–1911.
Kang Youwei (1858–1927) and the Reform of Confucianism.
The May 4th Movement.
The Guomindang and the New Life Movement.
The Communist Party and the Communist Government.
Confucianism as the Foundation of Chinese Culture.
The Confucian Core.
Confucianism as Religion.
Governments: Taiwan, Singapore, and China.
Critics of New Confucianism.
New Confucianism’s Impact and Importance.
What is Confucianism?
The Emphasis on the Economy.
Does Confucianism Include Women? Can Confucianism Include Women?
Is Confucianism a Religion? A Philosophy? Something Else?
Glossary of Names and Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
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