Normal Binocular Vision: Theory, Investigation and Practical Aspects
November 2010, Wiley-Blackwell
This is a major new textbook for students of optometry, orthoptics and ophthalmology, and also of psychology. Chapters span such key topics as binocular summation, fusion, the normal horopter, anatomy of the extra-ocular muscles, oculomotor control, binocular integration and depth perception.
Fully illustrated throughout, the book includes self-assessment exercises at the end of each chapter, and sample experiments in binocular vision functioning.
1 Introduction to Normal Binocular Vision.
2 The Development of Binocular Vision.
3 Binocular Summation.
4 The Binocular Fusion System.
5 Diplopia and Confusion, Suppression and Rivalry.
6 The Normal Horopter.
7 The Extrinsic, or Extra-ocular, Muscles.
8 Eye Movements.
9 Visual Response to Near Objects.
10 The Binocular Integrative Action of the Visual System.
11 Depth Perception.
12 Measurement of Binocular Motor and Sensory Status.
Appendix 1: Practical Experiments in Binocular Vision.
Appendix 2: Summary of Cortical Organisation in Relation to Vision.
Appendix 3: Further Reading.
Appendix 4: Norms for Binocular Visual Functions.
Appendix 5: Terminology.
Appendix 6: Glossary.
Robert Fletcher M.Sc (Tech) F.C.Optom., D.Orth is Professor Emeritus in Optometry & Visual Science at City University, London.