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Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins: Recent Advances

Cathy Busby (Editor), Antonio Azor Perez (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-4051-9465-5
664 pages
January 2012, Wiley-Blackwell
Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins: Recent Advances (1405194650) cover image
Investigating the complex interplay between tectonics and sedimentation is a key endeavor in modern earth science. Many of the world's leading researchers in this field have been brought together in this volume to provide concise overviews of the current state of the subject.

The plate tectonic revolution of the 1960's provided the framework for detailed models on the structure of orogens and basins, summarized in a 1995 textbook edited by Busby and Ingersoll. Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins: Recent Advances focuses on key topics or areas where the greatest strides forward have been made, while also providing on-line access to the comprehensive 1995 book.

Breakthroughs in new techniques are described in Section 1, including detrital zircon geochronology, cosmogenic nuclide dating, magnetostratigraphy, 3-D seismic, and basin modelling. Section 2 presents the new models for rift, post-rift, transtensional and strike slip basin settings. Section 3 addresses the latest ideas in convergent margin tectonics, including the sedimentary record of subduction intiation and subduction, flat-slab subduction, and arc-continent collision; it then moves inboard to forearc basins and intra-arc basins, and ends with a series of papers formed under compessional strain regimes, as well as post-orogenic intramontane basins. Section 4 examines the origin of plate interior basins, and the sedimentary record of supercontinent formation.

This book is required reading for any advanced student or professional interested in sedimentology, plate tectonics, or petroleum geoscience.

Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/busby/sedimentarybasins.

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Contributors vii

Preface xi

PART 1: INTRODUCTION

1. Tectonics of sedimentary basins, with revised nomenclature 3
Raymond V. Ingersoll

PART 2: NEW TECHNIQUES AND MODELING

2. Detrital zircon U-Pb geochronology: current methods and new opportunities 47
George Gehrels

3. Terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide techniques for assessing exposure history of surfaces and sediments in active tectonic regions 63
John C. Gosse

4. Magnetostratigraphic methods and applications 80
Guillaume Dupont-Nivet and Wout Krijgsman

5. 3D seismic interpretation techniques: applications to basin analysis 95
Christopher A-L. Jackson and Karla E. Kane

6. Dispersal and preservation of tectonically generated alluvial gravels in sedimentary basins 111
Philip A. Allen and Paul L. Heller

7. Source-to-sink sediment volumes within a tectono-stratigraphic model for a Laramide shelf-to-deep-water basin: methods and results 131
Cristian Carvajal and Ron Steel

8. Modeling the interaction between lithospheric and surface processes in foreland basins 152
Daniel Garcia-Castellanos and Sierd Cloetingh

PART 3: RIFT, POST-RIFT, TRANSTENSIONAL, AND STRIKE-SLIP BASIN SETTINGS

9. Continental rift basins: the East African perspective 185
Cynthia Ebinger and Christopher A. Scholz

10. Influence of sediment input and plate-motion obliquity on basin development along an active oblique-divergent plate boundary: Gulf of California and Salton Trough 209
Rebecca J. Dorsey and Paul J. Umhoefer

11. Active transtensional intracontinental basins: Walker Lane in the western Great Basin 226
Angela S. Jayko and Marcus Bursik

12. Post-rift deformation of the North East and South Atlantic margins: are "passive margins" really passive? 249
Douglas Paton

13. The impact of early Cretaceous deformation on deposition in the passive-margin Scotian Basin, offshore eastern Canada 270
Georgia Pe-Piper and David J.W. Piper

PART 4: CONVERGENT MARGINS: SUBDUCTION AND COLLISION, FROM OUTBOARD TO INBOARD SETTINGS

14. Sedimentation at plate boundaries in transition 291
Kathleen M. Marsaglia

15. Evolution of sedimentary environments in the subduction zone of southwest Japan: recent results from the NanTroSEIZE Kumano transect 310
Michael B. Underwood and Gregory F. Moore

16. Modification of continental forearc basins by flat-slab subduction processes: a case study from southern Alaska 327
Kenneth D. Ridgway, Jeffrey M. Trop and Emily S. Finzel

17. Basins in arc-continent collisions 347
Amy E. Draut and Peter D. Clift

18. The Pampa del Tamarugal forearc basin in Northern Chile: the interaction of tectonics and climate 369
Peter Nester and Teresa Jordan

19. Extensional and transtensional continental arc basins: case studies from the southwestern United States 382
Cathy J. Busby

20. Foreland basin systems revisited: variations in response to tectonic settings 405
Peter G. DeCelles

21. Cenozoic evolution of hinterland basins in the Andes and Tibet 427
Brian K. Horton

22. Basin response to active extension and strike-slip deformation in the hinterland of the Tibetan Plateau 445
Michael H. Taylor, Paul A. Kapp, and Brian K. Horton

23. The Betic intramontane basins (SE Spain): stratigraphy, subsidence, and tectonic history 461
Jose Rodrıguez-Fernandez, Antonio Azor, and Jose Miguel Azanon

24. Dynamic relationship between subsidence, sedimentation, and unconformities in mid-Cretaceous, shallow-marine strata of the Western Canada Foreland Basin: links to Cordilleran tectonics 480
A. Guy Plint, Aditya Tyagi, Phil J.A. McCausland, Jessica R. Krawetz (nee Rylaarsdam), Heng Zhang, Xavier Roca, Bogdan L. Varban, Y. Greg Hu, Michael A. Kreitner and Michael J. Hay

25. Structural, geomorphic, and depositional characteristics of contiguous and broken foreland basins: examples from the eastern flanks of the central Andes in Bolivia and NW Argentina 508
Manfred R. Strecker, George E. Hilley, Bodo Bookhagen, and Edward R. Sobel

26. Thrust wedge/foreland basin systems 522
Hugh Sinclair

27. 2D kinematic models of growth fault-related folds in contractional settings 538
Josep Poblet

PART 5: PLATE INTERIOR BASINS AND WIDESPREAD BASIN TYPES

28. Plate interior poly-phase basins 567
Cari L. Johnson and Bradley D. Ritts

29. The great Grenvillian sedimentation episode: record of supercontinent Rodinia's assembly 583
Robert Rainbird, Peter Cawood and George Gehrels

30. Cratonic basins 602
Philip A. Allen and John J. Armitage

31. Endorheic basins 621
Gary Nichols

Index 633

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Cathy Busby got her BS from Berkeley and her PhD from Princeton University, both in Geological Sciences. She mainly works on upper crustal rocks, combining stratigraphy, structural geology, geochronology, geochemistry and paleomagnetics to solve tectonic problems. Her papers also include process-oriented studies in submarine and subaaerial volcanism, clastic depositional systems, and economic geology. Her research support has come from geothermal and gold exploration industries, as well as the petroleum industry, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the National Science Foundation.

Antonio Azor: Full Professor in Structural Geology and Tectonic Geomorphology at the Department of Geodynamics of the University of Granada (Spain). Research fields of interest: Structural Geology and Tectonics, Active Tectonics, Tectonic Geomorphology, Regional Geology of the Late Palaeozoic Variscan Orogen and the Alpine Betic Cordillera.

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“Both advanced students and professional geologists should have this book at hand.” (Geologos, 2012)

 

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