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Non-Invasive Respiratory Support Techniques: Oxygen Therapy, Non-Invasive Ventilation and CPAP

ISBN: 978-1-4443-0960-7
224 pages
March 2009, Wiley-Blackwell
Non-Invasive Respiratory Support Techniques: Oxygen Therapy, Non-Invasive Ventilation and CPAP (1444309609) cover image
Non-invasive respiratory support techniques are increasingly considered for treating respiratory failure in patients, in response to national guidelines, both as a short and long-term treatment. An increasing number of healthcare professionals require knowledge and skills to provide non-invasive respiratory support in a variety of healthcare settings, including intensive care units, high dependency units, respiratory wards and the community.

Written for qualified healthcare professionals with experience of caring for patients with respiratory conditions, Non-Invasive Respiratory Support Techniques: Oxygen Therapy, Non-Invasive Ventilation and CPAP provides a practical guide to oxygen therapy, non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), clearly defining how and when the various treatments are used and including ideas on developing protocols to support practice.

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Contributors.

1 Clinical Management of Respiratory Failure (John Hurst).

What is respiratory failure?

What are the causes of respiratory failure?

The pathophysiology of respiratory failure.

The management of respiratory failure.

Assessment of a patient with respiratory failure.

Diagnostic investigations.

Summary.

Case studies.

References.

2 Arterial Blood Gas Analysis (With contribution from Maura McElligott and Sandra Gallacher).

Acid–base physiology.

Non-invasive monitoring for respiratory failure.

Invasive monitoring for respiratory failure.

Case studies.

References.

3 Oxygen Therapy.

Hypoxaemic (Type I) respiratory failure.

Hypercapnic (Type II) respiratory failure.

Delivery of supplemental oxygen.

Acute oxygen therapy.

Home oxygen therapy.

Ambulatory oxygen therapy.

Travelling with oxygen.

References.

4 Non-Invasive Ventilation.

Indications: acute use.

Indications: long-term use.

Indications: palliation.

Contraindications.

Application.

Choosing equipment (interfaces).

Prevention of complications.

Troubleshooting.

References.

5 Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP).

CPAP for the treatment of Type I respiratory failure.

CPAP for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome.

Other forms of treatment.

References.

6 Setting Up Respiratory Support Services.

Non-invasive ventilation.

Home oxygen.

Home CPAP for sleep apnoea.

References.

7 Ethics.

Principle-based approach to ethical decision making.

End-of-life decisions.

Acts and omissions.

Case studies.

Legal cases to support decision making.

Professional responsibility in ethical decision making.

References.

Legal references.

Index.

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Glenda Esmond is Lecturer in Respiratory Nursing, City University.
Christine Mikelsons is Lecturer in Physiotherapy, University of Hertfordshire.
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· Practical text incorporating evidence-based guidelines for practice

· Addresses Oxygen therapy, NIV and CPAP within a single text

· Case studies for each aspect of treatment (oxygen therapy, NIV and CPAP)

· Includes protocols for setting up a service and providing best practice

· Covers acute and domiciliary use of respiratory support techniques

· Inter-professional focus

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