Invisible Enemy: The African American Freedom Struggle after 1965
January 2010, Wiley-Blackwell
A highly accessible account of the evolution of American racism, its perpetuation, and black people’s struggles for equality in the post-civil rights era
Guides students to a better understanding of the experiences of black Americans and their ongoing struggles for justice, by highlighting the interconnectedness of African American history with that of the nation as a whole
Highlights the economic and political functions that racism has served throughout the nation’s history
Discusses the continuation of the freedom movement beyond the 1960s to provide a comprehensive new historiography of racial equality and social justice
1. The Never Ending Story: American Racism from Slavery to the Civil Rights Movement.
2. From the Freedom Movement to Free Markets: Racializing the War on Poverty and Colorblinding Jim Crow.
3. A System without Signs: The Invisible Racism of the Post-Civil Rights Era.
4. Fighting Jim Crow’s Shadow: Struggles for Racial Equality after 1965.
5. To See or Not to See: Debates over Affirmative Action.
6. Is This America? Electoral Politics after the Voting Rights Act.
7 Fir$st Cla$$ Citizen$hip: Struggles for Economic Justice.
8. All Around the World: The Freedom Struggle in a Global Context.
"Even so, the thematic unity and clear elucidation of the nature and persistence of systemic racism in American society and of white Americans ' blindness to it makes the book a valuable study that should engage student audiences and the reading public." (Journal of American History, 1 March 2011)“A remarkable scholarly work that illuminates why the struggle for equal rights did not achieve full racial equality. . . de Jong draws attention to the oppressive economic and political forces that have yet to be overcome, even as Americans celebrate the dream of Martin Luther King, Jr.”
Clayborne Carson, Founding director of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute at Stanford University
“De Jong writes with passion and grace. Her
historically-grounded treatment of both racism and black Americans'
self-directed struggles for justice make this study an invaluable
guide to the complexities of race in contemporary
William L. Van Deburg, author of New Day in Babylon: The Black Power Movement and American Culture, 1965-1975