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A History of Roman Art

ISBN: 978-1-4443-3025-0
406 pages
January 2015, Wiley-Blackwell
A History of Roman Art (144433025X) cover image

Description

A History of Roman Art provides a wide-ranging survey of the subject from the founding of Rome to the rule of Rome's first Christian emperor, Constantine. Incorporating the most up-to-date information available on the topic, this new textbook explores the creation, use, and meaning of art in the Roman world.

  • Extensively illustrated with 375 color photographs and line drawings
  • Broadly defines Roman art to include the various cultures that contributed to the Roman system
  • Focuses throughout on the overarching themes of Rome's cultural inclusiveness and art's important role in promoting Roman values
  • Discusses a wide range of Roman painting, mosaic, sculpture, and decorative arts, as well as architecture and associated sculptures within the cultural contexts they were created and developed
  • Offers helpful and instructive pedagogical features for students, such as timelines; key terms defined in margins; a glossary; sidebars with key lessons and explanatory material on artistic technique, stories, and ancient authors; textboxes on art and literature, art from the provinces, and important scholarly perspectives; and primary sources in translation
  • A book companion website is available at www.wiley.com/go/romanart with the following resources: PowerPoint slides, glossary, and timeline

Steven Tuck is the 2014 recipient of the American Archaeological Association's Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching Award.

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations xii

Preface xxi

Note to Students xxiii

Acknowledgments xxv

Walk Through Tour xxvi

Timeline xxviii

About the Website xxxiii

1 Introduction to Roman Art History 1

Cultural Property Controversies 2

Dating Dilemmas in Roman Art History 3

Restoration Issues in Roman Art History 4

The Role of Elites in Public Art and Architecture 4

Italic versus Classical Styles and Forms I: Temples 5

Italic versus Classical Styles and Forms II: Portraiture 7

Female Portraiture and Embedded Values 9

Romans Judging Roman Art: Values and Class 11

Art, Context, and Social Status I: The Tomb of Vestorius Priscus 12

Art, Context, and Social Status II: The Roman House 14

Narrative Moment 16

Suggestions for Further Reading 17

2 Regal Period, 753–509 bce 18

The Etruscans and the Question of Etruscan Dominance Timeline 18

Introduction to the World of Early Rome and Italy 19

The Etruscans 21

Art in Latium, the Region around Rome 27

Archaic Rome: City Planning and Architecture 29

Etruscan Tomb Paintings 41

Greco-Italic Archaic Architecture: A Doric Temple at Pompeii 45

Conclusion 46

Suggestions for Further Reading 46

3 The Early Republic, 509–211 bce 48

The Spread of Roman Power and Forms Timeline 48

Introduction to Early Roman Republican Art 49

Lucanian Tomb Painting, Paestum 55

Roman Architecture and Urban Planning 70

Conclusion 75

Suggestions for Further Reading 76

4 The Later Republic, 211–31 bce 77

The Origins of a Hellenistic Roman Culture Timeline 77

Introduction 78

Architecture and Urban Planning 78

Roman Wall Painting in the Late Republic 94

Late Republican Sculpture 108

Conclusion 111

Suggestions for Further Reading 112

5 The Age of Augustus, 31 bce–14 ce 113

The Art of Empire Timeline 113

Augustus 114

The Portraits of Augustus 115

Augustus and the City of Rome 118

Third Style Wall Painting 132

The Emulation of Augustan Art 133

Traditional Italic Style in the Age of Augustus 137

Concrete Architecture 140

Conclusion 141

Suggestions for Further Reading 143

6 The Julio-Claudians, 14–68 ce 145

The Rise of Roman Dynastic Art

Timeline 145

Introduction 146

Tiberius, 14–37 ce, and Caligula, 37–41 ce 146

Claudius, 41–54 ce 157

Nero, 54–68 ce 163

Public Buildings and Interior Decoration, Pompeii 171

Conclusion 177

Suggestions for Further Reading 177

7 The Flavians, 69–96 ce 178

Civil War, Disaster, and Response Timeline 178

Civil War of 68–69 ce 179

Vespasian and Titus, 69–81 ce 180

Domitian, 81–96 ce 197

Conclusion 209

Suggestions for Further Reading 210

8 Trajan and Hadrian, 98–138 ce 211

Emperors from the Provinces Timeline 211

Nerva, 96–98 ce 212

Trajan, 98–117 ce, and Hadrian, 117–138 ce 213

Sculpture 225

Conclusion 244

Suggestions for Further Reading 244

9 Antonine Emperors, 138–192 ce 245

From an Empire of Gold to One of Rust Timeline 245

Introduction 246

Antonine Portraiture 247

Architectural Sculpture 253

Architecture 257

Wall Painting and Mosaics 260

Sarcophagi 263

Fayum Mummy Portraits 268

Conclusion 271

Suggestions for Further Reading 272

10 Civil War and Severan Dynasty, 193–235 ce 273

Calm before the Storm Timeline 273

Introduction 274

Trends and Developments in Severan Art 274

Conclusion 299

Suggestions for Further Reading 300

11 The Third Century and the Tetrarchy, 235–306 ce 301

Crisis and Renewal Timeline 301

Third-Century Emperors and the Tetrarchy 302

Coin Portraits of the Third Century ce 309

Historical Reliefs 311

Imperial Architecture 320

Conclusion 330

Suggestions for Further Reading 332

12 Constantine, 306–337 ce 334

Christian Empire and the Decline of the West Timeline 334

Constantine, the First Christian Emperor 335

Conclusion 356

Epilogue: The Fall of Rome and the Rise of New Romes 357

Suggestions for Further Reading 362

Glossary 363

Guide to Further Reading 366

Index 368

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Author Information

Steven L. Tuck is Professor and Chair of Classics at Miami University. In 2012, he received the E. Phillips Knox award, Miami University's highest honor for innovative and effective undergraduate teaching. He is the author of Latin Inscriptions in the Kelsey Museum: The Dennison and De Criscio Collections (2006).

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The Wiley Advantage

  • Surveys approximately 1,000 years of Roman art, from the founding of Rome to Constantine’s empire
  • Broadly defines Roman art to include the various cultures that contributed to the Roman system
  • Focuses throughout on the overarching themes of Rome’s cultural inclusiveness and art’s important role in promoting Roman values
  • Discusses a wide range of Roman painting, mosaic, sculpture, and decorative arts, as well as architecture and associated sculptures within the cultural contexts they were created and developed
  • Offers helpful and instructive pedagogical features for students, such as timelines; key terms defined in margins; a glossary; sidebars with key lessons and explanatory material on artistic technique, stories, and ancient authors; textboxes on art and literature, art from the provinces, and important scholarly perspectives; and primary sources in translation
  • Incorporates the most up-to-date information available on the topic
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Reviews

"...would I use Tuck's textbook in a course on Roman art? Yes. Tuck presents the material in an accessible way, with a cogent writing style. In addition, Tuck is on trend with his emphasis on the context of Roman art, relating the works to political, social, and cultural issues of the Roman world, thereby bringing the ancient world to life for students. 

As an instructor, I would also find the online resources of this textbook immensely useful. Finally, one cannot deny that the price...is much ore affordable for students than other Roman art textbooks...Tuck packs in in the information, includes many high quality, color photographs, and delivers his narrative of Roman art in a fresh, up-to-date manner." - The Classical Journal Online

“In his engagingly conversational, often humorous, and lavishly illustrated text, Tuck approaches the multifaceted role of Roman art as visual communication that was essential to governing a vast and diverse empire. Contextually-oriented and informed by current scholarly debates, the book encourages students to appreciate not only Roman visual culture but also how we write its history.” –Elaine Gazda, University of Michigan

“Gloriously illustrated, this book excels for its emphasis on Roman viewers, its conversational style (fitting from the winner of a national teaching award!), and its deft anticipation of modern assumptions.” –Lea Stirling, University of Manitoba

“This book provides an accessible overview of Roman art, drawing on the most recent developments in Roman archaeology and art history. Elegantly written and exquisitely illustrated, it also tackles questions of modern reception, collection and ownership of the Roman artistic heritage. This is both an invaluable introduction for students and a go-to reference work for scholars.” –J.C.N. Coulston, University of St. Andrews

“Steven L. Tuck’s book offers a fresh, fast-paced and abundantly illustrated narrative of Roman art, from its Etruscan beginnings to the emergence of early Christian art. Tuck’s survey is a great starting point for students and all those making first contact with the art and architecture of ancient Rome.” –Björn C. Ewald, University of Toronto

“Tuck gives an excellent introduction to Roman art. Accessible and engaging, this book covers key monuments and objects, while also providing useful discussions of historical context, scholarly debate and contemporary response. I recommend it.”     –Zahra Newby, University of Warwick

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