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The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences

ISBN: 978-1-4443-3438-8
848 pages
April 2011, Wiley-Blackwell
The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences (1444334387) cover image

Description

The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences provides a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of recent research, current perspectives, practical applications, and likely future developments in individual differences. 
  • Brings together the work of the top global researchers within the area of individual differences, including Philip L. Ackerman, Ian J. Deary, Ed Diener, Robert Hogan, Deniz S. Ones and Dean Keith Simonton
  • Covers methodological, theoretical and paradigm changes in the area of individual differences
  • Individual chapters cover core areas of individual differences including personality and intelligence, biological causes of individual differences, and creativity and emotional intelligence 
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Table of Contents

List of Plates viii

List of Figures ix

List of Tables xii

List of Contributors xiv

Preface xvi

List of Abbreviations xix

Part I Individual Differences: An Up-to-Date Historical and Methodological Overview 1

1 Individual Differences and Differential Psychology: A Brief History and Prospect 3
William Revelle, Joshua Wilt, and David M. Condon

2 Methodological Advances in Differential Psychology 39
William Revelle, David M. Condon, and Joshua Wilt

Part II Intelligence and Personality: Structure and Development 75

Section 1 Personality 77

3 Personality Development across the Life Span 77
Jaap J. A. Denissen, Marcel A. G. van Aken, and Brent W. Roberts

4 Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory, Research, Applications, and Future 101
Luke D. Smillie, Natalie J. Loxton, and Rachel E. Avery

5 The General Factor of Personality: Normal and Abnormal 132
J. Philippe Rushton and Paul Irwing

6 Five into One Doesn’t Go: A Critique of the General Factor of Personality 162
Eamonn Ferguson, Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic, Alan Pickering, and Alexander Weiss

Section 2 Intelligence 187

7 The Nature and Structure of “Intelligence” 187
Charlie L. Reeve and Silvia Bonaccio

8 Re-Visiting Intelligence–Personality Associations: Vindicating Intellectual Investment 217
Sophie von Stumm, Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic, and Phillip L. Ackerman

9 Individual Differences in Cognitive Aging 242
Elliot M. Tucker-Drob and Timothy A. Salthouse

Part III Biological Causes of Individual Differences 269

10 Behavior Genetics 271
Frank M. Spinath and Wendy Johnson

11 Molecular Genetic Aspects of Personality 305
Alexander Strobel and Burkhard Brocke

12 Understanding Human Intelligence by Imaging the Brain 330
Roberto Colom and Paul M. Thompson

13 Evolutionary Psychology and Individual Differences 353
Satoshi Kanazawa

Part IV Individual Differences and Real-World Outcomes 377

Section 1 Work 379

14 Individual Differences at Work 379
Deniz S. Ones and Chockalingam Viswesvaran

15 Leadership 408
Robert Hogan and Ghufran Ahmad

Section 2 Health, Longevity, and Death 427

16 Cognitive Epidemiology: Concepts, Evidence, and Future Directions 427
Catherine M. Calvin, G. David Batty, and Ian J. Deary

17 Personality and Differences in Health and Longevity 461
Margaret L. Kern and Howard S. Friedman

Section 3 Society 491

18 Personality and the Laws of History 491
Robert Hogan and Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic

19 Individual Differences and Antisocial Behavior 512
Vincent Egan

20 Intelligence and Social Inequality: Why the Biological Link? 538
Linda S. Gottfredson

Part V Motivation and Vocational Interests 577

21 Goal-Setting: A State Theory, but Related to Traits 579
Gary P. Latham, Deshani B. Ganegoda, and Edwin A. Locke

22 Personality and Approaches to Learning 588
Adrian Furnham

23 Vocational Interests: The Road Less Traveled 608
Patrick Ian Armstrong, Rong Su, and James Rounds

Part VI Competence beyond IQ 633

Section 1 Special Abilities 635

24 Exceptional Talent and Genius 635
Dean Keith Simonton

25 Ability and Trait Emotional Intelligence 656
K. V. Petrides

26 Individual Differences in Creativity 679
James C. Kaufman

Section 2 Relationships and Subjective Well-Being 699

27 Personality and Happiness: Predicting the Experience of Subjective Well-Being 699
William Pavot and Ed Diener

28 Self-Esteem: Enduring Issues and Controversies 718
M. Brent Donnellan, Kali H. Trzesniewski, and Richard W. Robins

29 Love at First Sight? Individual Differences and the Psychology of Initial Romantic Attraction 747
Viren Swami

30 Manifestations of Individual Differences in Physical and Virtual Environments 773
Lindsay T. Graham, Carson J. Sandy, and Samuel D. Gosling

Index 801

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Author Information

Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic is Reader at Goldsmiths, University of London, Research Fellow at University College London, and Visiting Professor at NYU in London. Chamorro-Premuzic has published more than 100 scientific articles and authored four books, including the textbook Personality and Individual Differences (also published by Wiley-Blackwell). He is a keynote speaker of the Institute of Economic Affairs and makes frequent media appearances in the UK and internationally.

Sophie von Stumm is an award-winning young scientist who completed her postgraduate training at the University of Edinburgh and Goldsmiths, University of London. She is currently a Senior Lecturer at the University of Chichester. Her research interests focus on intelligence-personality associations in relation to educational, social, and health outcomes.

Adrian Furnham is currently Professor of Psychology at University College London. He has lectured widely abroad and held scholarships and visiting professorships at, among others, the University of New South Wales, the University of the West Indies, the University of Hong Kong, and the University of KwaZulu-Natal. Furnham is a Fellow of the British Psychological Society and has written over 700 scientific papers and 60 books. He is on the editorial board of a number of international journals, as well as the past elected President of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences.

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Reviews

"Valuable for those interested in psychology, education, sociology, or human genetics. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above, including professionals." (Choice, 1 December 2011)

"That a fresh and comprehensive statement on current understanding about individual differences! This meaty volume provides an unusually deep discussion of personality and mental abilities like IQ and emotional intelligence, digs into their biological roots, and explores their importance at work, in relationships and in health. With the recent explosion of research linking these topics, the time is right for this wonderful update. Don’t look for this Handbook on my bookshelves – it will be on my desk and in use.
Robert B. Kaiser, Partner, Kaplan DeVries Inc., USA

Some of the world’s top researchers give us authoritative and engaging overviews of the central topics in individual differences, such as personality, creativity, intelligence, genetics and evolution, work, motivation, special abilities and happiness, making this a comprehensive guide for understanding how and why people differ.
Robert Plomin, Research Professor, Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London, UK

This handbook provides a diverse multidisciplinary collection of chapters by leading researchers. Domains covered range from intelligence to personality, interests, and motivation – and from basic research on brain functions to real-world implications in the workplace and beyond.
Phillip L. Ackerman, Professor of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA.

There is much in this handbook that does not simply summarise present knowledge but foreshadows the future state of differential psychology. Of use to the beginning student as well as the seasoned psychologist, any serious psychology library should possess this handbook.
Philip J. Corr, Professor of Psychology, University of East Anglia, UK

This impressive collection of antecedents, contemporary theory, and the latest empirical research does not shy away from controversial stances or highlighting consensual elements of the field, making this a must read for students, practitioners and researchers alike.  
Richard D. Roberts, Principal Research Scientist, Research and Development, Educational Testing Service, USA

With contributions from many leading researchers in differential psychology, The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences provides an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of individual differences research. This book will be a valuable resource for anyone interested in the field.
Tony Vernon, Professor of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, USA

With thoughtful and well-written chapters – ranging from the genetics of individual differences, to the relation between intelligence and personality, to the traces that different individuals leave behind in their physical environments – this handbook manages to be both highly readable and thoroughly informative.
Colin G. DeYoung, Assistant Professor of Psychology, University of Minnesota, USA

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