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Oxidative Stress in Aquatic Ecosystems

ISBN: 978-1-4443-3548-4
548 pages
November 2011, Wiley-Blackwell
Oxidative Stress in Aquatic Ecosystems (1444335480) cover image
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are  increasingly appreciated as down-stream effectors of cellular damage and dysfunction under natural and anthropogenic stress scenarios in aquatic systems. This comprehensive volume describes oxidative stress phenomena in different climatic zones and groups of organisms, taking into account specific habitat conditions and how they affect susceptibility to ROS damage.

A comprehensive and detailed methods section is included which supplies complete protocols for analyzing ROS production, oxidative damage, and antioxidant systems. Methods are also evaluated with respect to applicability and constraints for different types of research.

The authors are all internationally recognized experts in particular fields of oxidative stress research.

This comprehensive reference volume is essential for students, researchers, and technicians in the field of ROS research, and also contains information useful for veterinarians, environmental health professionals, and decision makers.

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Contributors ix

Acknowledgments xv

List of Abbreviations xix

INTRODUCTION TO OXIDATIVE STRESS IN AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS 1
Doris Abele, Jose Pablo V´azquez-Medina, and Tania Zenteno-Savin

PART I. CLIMATE REGIONS AND SPECIAL HABITATS 7

1. OXIDATIVE STRESS IN TROPICAL MARINE ECOSYSTEMS 9
Michael P. Lesser

2. OXIDATIVE CHALLENGES IN POLAR SEAS 20
Francesco Regoli, Maura Benedetti, Andreas Krell, and Doris Abele

3. OXIDATIVE STRESS IN ESTUARINE AND INTERTIDAL ENVIRONMENTS (TEMPERATE AND TROPICAL), 41
Carolina A. Freire, Alexis F. Welker, JanetM. Storey, Kenneth B. Storey, and Marcelo Hermes-Lima

4. OXIDATIVE STRESS TOLERANCE STRATEGIES OF INTERTIDAL MACROALGAE 58
Jos´e Aguilera and Ralf Rautenberger

5. OXIDATIVE STRESS IN AQUATIC PRIMARY PRODUCERS AS A DRIVING FORCE FOR ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES TO LARGE-SCALE ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES 72
Pauline Snoeijs, Peter Sylvander, and Norbert H¨aubner

6. MIGRATING TO THE OXYGEN MINIMUM LAYER: EUPHAUSIIDS 89
Nelly Tremblay, Tania Zenteno-Savin, Jaime Gomez-Gutierrez, and Alfonso N.Maeda-Martinez

7. OXIDATIVE STRESS IN SULFIDIC HABITATS 99
Joanna Joyner-Matos and David Julian

8. IRON IN COASTAL MARINE ECOSYSTEMS: ROLE IN OXIDATIVE STRESS 115
PaulaMariela Gonz´alez, Dorothee Wilhelms-Dick, Doris Abele, and Susana Puntarulo

9. OXIDATIVE STRESS IN CORAL-PHOTOBIONT COMMUNITIES 127
Marco A. Linan-Cabello,Michael P. Lesser, Laura A. Flores-Ramírez, Tania Zenteno-Sav´in, and H´ector Reyes-Bonilla

PART II. AQUATIC RESPIRATION AND OXYGEN SENSING 139

10. PRINCIPLES OF OXYGEN UPTAKE AND TISSUE OXYGENATION IN WATER-BREATHING ANIMALS 141
J. C. Massabuau and Doris Abele

11. OXIDATIVE STRESS IN SHARKS AND RAYS 157
Roberto I. Lopez-Cruz, Alcir Luiz Dafre, and Danilo Wilhelm Filho

12. OXYGEN SENSING: THE ROLE OF REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES 165
Mikko Nikinmaa, Max Gassmann, and Anna Bogdanova

13. ISCHEMIA/REPERFUSION IN DIVING BIRDS AND MAMMALS: HOW THEY AVOID OXIDATIVE DAMAGE 178
Tania Zenteno-Savin, Jose Pablo Vázquez-Medina, Nadiezhda Cantu-Medellín, Paul J. Ponganis, and Robert Elsner

PART III. MARINE ANIMAL MODELS FOR AGING, DEVELOPMENT, AND DISEASE 191

14. AGING IN MARINE ANIMALS 193
Eva E. R. Philipp, Julia Strahl, and Alexey A. Sukhotin

15. OXIDATIVE STRESS AND ANTIOXIDANT SYSTEMS IN CRUSTACEAN LIFE CYCLES 208
Maria Luisa Fanjul-Moles andMaría E. Gonsebatt

16. TRANSFER OF FREE RADICALS BETWEEN PROTEINS AND MEMBRANE LIPIDS: IMPLICATIONS FOR AQUATIC BIOLOGY 224
Brenda Valderrama, Gustavo Rodríguez-Alonso, and Rebecca Pogni

17. IMMUNE DEFENSE OF MARINE INVERTEBRATES: THE ROLE OF REACTIVE OXYGEN AND NITROGEN SPECIES 236
Eva E. R. Philipp, Simone Lipinski, Jonathan Rast, and Philip Rosenstiel

18. ATTACK AND DEFENSE: REACTIVE OXYGEN AND NITROGEN SPECIES IN TELEOST FISH IMMUNE RESPONSE AND THE COEVOLVED EVASION OF MICROBES AND PARASITES 247
Katja Broeg and Dieter Steinhagen

PART IV. MARINE ANIMAL STRESS RESPONSE AND BIOMONITORING 261

19. STRESS EFFECTS ON METABOLISM AND ENERGY BUDGETS IN MOLLUSKS 263
Inna M. Sokolova, Alexey A. Sukhotin, and Gisela Lannig

20. STARVATION, ENERGETICS, AND ANTIOXIDANT DEFENSES 281
Amalia E. Morales, Amalia Perez-Jimenez, Miriam Furne, and Helga Guderley

21. ENVIRONMENTALLY INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN FISH 295
Volodymyr I. Lushchak

22. CHEMICAL POLLUTANTS AND THE MECHANISMS OF REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES GENERATION IN AQUATIC ORGANISMS 308
Francesco Regoli

23. BIOMARKERS OF OXIDATIVE STRESS: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS FOR THEIR APPLICATION IN BIOMONITORING OF AQUATIC ENVIRONMENTS 317
JoseMaria Monserrat, Rafaela Elias Letts, Josencler L. Ribas Ferreira, Juliane Ventura-Lima, Lilian L. Amado, Alessandra M. Rocha, Stefania Gorbi, Raffaella Bocchetti,Maura Benedetti, and Francesco Regoli

PART V. METHODS OF OXIDATIVE STRESS DETECTION 327

24. DETECTION OF REACTIVE METABOLITES OF OXYGEN AND NITROGEN 329
Matthew B. Grisham

25. ROLE OF SINGLET MOLECULAR OXYGEN IN THE OXIDATIVE DAMAGE TO BIOMOLECULES 344
Graziella Eliza Ronsein, Glaucia ReginaMartinez, Eduardo Alves de Almeida, SayuriMiyamoto, Marisa Helena Gennari de Medeiros, and Paolo DiMascio

26. TOTAL OXYRADICAL SCAVENGING CAPACITY ASSAY 359
Stefania Gorbi and Francesco Regoli

27. SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC ASSAYS OF ANTIOXIDANTS 367
Francesco Regoli, Raffaella Bocchetti, and Danilo Wilhelm Filho

28. EVALUATION OF GLUTATHIONE STATUS IN AQUATIC ORGANISMS 381
Eduardo Alves de Almeida, Danilo Grunig Humberto Silva, Afonso Celso Dias Bainy, Florencio Porto Freitas, Fl´avia Daniela Motta, Osmar Francisco Gomes, Marisa Helena Gennari de Medeiros, and Paolo DiMascio

29. MEASUREMENT OF ANTIOXIDANT PIGMENTS AND VITAMINS IN PHYTOPLANKTON, ZOOPLANKTON, AND FISH 389
Pauline Snoeijs, Norbert H¨aubner, Peter Sylvander, and Xiang-Ping Nie

30. CAROTENOID ANALYSIS AND IDENTIFICATION IN MARINE ANIMALS 402
Eduardo Alves de Almeida, Glaucia ReginaMartinez, and Paolo Di Mascio

31. LINOLEIC ACID OXIDATION PRODUCTS AS BIOMARKERS OF OXIDATIVE STRESS IN VIVO 412
Etsuo Niki and Yasukazu Yoshida

32. THE CLASSIC METHODS TO MEASURE OXIDATIVE DAMAGE: LIPID PEROXIDES, THIOBARBITURIC-ACID REACTIVE SUBSTANCES, AND PROTEIN CARBONYLS 420
Volodymyr I. Lushchak, Halyna M. Semchyshyn, and Oleh V. Lushchak

33. PROTEIN CARBONYL MEASUREMENT BY ENZYME LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY 432
Betul Catalgol, Stefanie Grimm, and Tilman Grune

34. EVALUATION OF MALONDIALDEHYDE LEVELS, 440
SayuriMiyamoto, Eduardo Alves de Almeida, Lilian Nogueira, Marisa Helena Gennari de Medeiros, and Paolo DiMascio

35. THE USE OF ELECTRON PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE IN STUDIES OF OXIDATIVE DAMAGE TO LIPIDS IN AQUATIC SYSTEMS 448
Gabriela Malanga and Susana Puntarulo

36. THE ASCORBYL RADICAL/ASCORBATE RATIO AS AN INDEX OF OXIDATIVE STRESS IN AQUATIC ORGANISMS 458
Gabriela Malanga, Maria Belen Aguiar, and Susana Puntarulo

37. EVALUATION OF OXIDATIVE DNA DAMAGE IN AQUATIC ANIMALS: COMET ASSAYS AND 8-OXO-7,8-DIHIDRO-2-DEOXYGUANOSINE LEVELS 465
Jose Pedro Friedmann Angeli, Glaucia ReginaMartinez, Flavia DanielaMotta, Eduardo Alves de Almeida, Marisa Helena Gennari de Medeiros, and Paolo DiMascio

38. EVALUATION OF DNA ADDUCTS FORMED BY LIPID PEROXIDATION BY-PRODUCTS 475
Camila Carriao Machado Garcia, Jose Pedro Friedmann Angeli, Eduardo Alves de Almeida, Marisa Helena Gennari de Medeiros, and Paolo DiMascio

39. METHODS TO QUANTIFY LYSOSOMAL MEMBRANE STABILITY AND THE ACCUMULATION OF LIPOFUSCIN 487
Katja Broeg and Stefania Gorbi

Index 507

Color plate section appears between pages 250 and 251

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Doris Abele is a marine animal physiologist, biochemist and marine ecologist. She has specialized in oxygen radical research since 1990. She leads a research group for "Stress Physiology and Aging in Marine Invertebrates" at the Alfred-Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research in Bremerhaven, Germany.

Tania Zenteno-Savin is a marine biologist at the Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste (CIBNOR) in La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Her research focuses on comparative aspects of oxidative stress components in marine organisms.

José Pablo Vázquez-Medina is a marine biologist based at the University of California Merced. He studies the effects of fasting, diving and sleep apnea on oxidative stress and antioxidant metabolism in marine mammals.

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