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Smith's Textbook of Endourology, 3rd Edition

Arthur D. Smith, MD (Editor-in-Chief), Glenn Preminger (Section Editor), Gopal Badlani (Section Editor), Louis Kavoussi (Section Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-4443-4512-4
1800 pages
November 2011, Wiley-Blackwell
Smith
Edited by the father of endourology, Arthur Smith, Smith's Textbook of Endourology is the definitive reference book in the field, addressing every aspect of endourologic procedure including methods of access, operative techniques, complications, and postoperative care.

The reader is taken on a step-by-step journey through percutaneous surgery, ureteroscopy, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, laparoscopy, and lower urinary tract procedures, and is given a comprehensive look at the influx of and dynamic changes in robotic and laparascopic procedures, and image-guided technologies. The principles and function of state-of-the-art endourologic instruments are outlined for each procedure.

Now in full-color, the third edition contains 800 extra pages, culminating in an 1800 page, two-volume textbook reflecting the most current advances in endourology. A supplemental DVD includes over 100 high-quality surgical videos allowing you to see endourology in practice.

With all chapters thoroughly revised by world-renowned authors with unrivalled expertise in the field, Smith's Textbook of Endourology 3E is an essential reference book for all urologists, particularly those who regularly perform endourology in their daily practice. This new edition, with its vast amount of extra content, will rightly cement its status as the leading urologic surgery textbook.

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Foreword, xii

Preface, xiii

Contributors, xv

VOLUME I

SECTION 1: BASIC PRINCIPLES

1 Care and Sterilization of Instruments, 3
Carol Olsen

2 How to Protect Patients and Personnel from Radiation, 10
John G. Mancini & Michael N. Ferrandino

3 Video Imaging and Documentation, 19
Michael E. Lipkin, Charles D. Scales Jr, & Glenn M. Preminger

4 Preoperative Antibiotics and Prevention of Sepsis in Genitourinary Surgery, 38
Jorge Gutierrez-Aceves, Oscar Negrete-Pulido & Pedro Avila-Herrera

5 Management of Anticoagulation Therapy in Endoscopic and Laparoscopic Urologic Surgery, 53
Michael Poch & George E. Haleblian

SECTION 2: PERCUTANEOUS RENAL SURGERY

Part 1: Preoperative Considerations

6 Surgical Anatomy of the Kidney in the Prone, Oblique, and Supine Positions, 63
Francisco J. B. Sampaio

7 Pathophysiology of Urinary Tract Obstruction, 95
Frederick A. Gulmi & Diane Felsen

8 Special Anesthetic Considerations for Endourology: Ureteroscopy and Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy, 120
Sarah G. Bodin & Angela F. Edwards

9 Organizing the Operating Room for Percutaneous and Ureteroscopic Procedures and Laparoscopy, 135
Ravindra B. Sabnis & Shashikant Mishra, 135

Part 2: Patient Positioning for Percutaneous Access

10 Patient Positioning for Supine Access, 146
José Gabriel Valdivia-Uría

11 Prone, Lateral, and Flexed: Patient Positioning for Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy, 152
A. Andrew Ray & R. John D’A. Honey

Part 3: Imaging for Access

12 Percutaneous Renal Access Under Ultrasound Control, 173
Mahesh R. Desai & Arvind P. Ganpule

13 Percutaneous Renal Access Under Fluoroscopic Control, 180
Norberto O. Bernardo

14 Computed Tomography for Percutaneous Renal Access, 189
Khurshid R. Ghani, Uday Patel & Ken Anson

15 Endoscopic Guidance for Percutaneous Renal Access, 200
Michael K. Louie & Elspeth M. McDougall

Part 4: Selection of Access and Dilation

16 Upper Calyx Access for Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy, 206
Davis P. Viprakasit & Nicole L. Miller

17 Percutaneous Renal Access without Image Guidance, 214
Arvin K. George & Arthur D. Smith

18 Retrograde Access for Percutaneous Renal Surgery, 219
Burak Turna & Robert J. Stein

19 Percutaneous Renal Surgery Selection of Access: Robotic, 227
Michelle Jo Semins, Dan Stoianovici & Brian R. Matlaga

20 Dilation of the Nephrostomy Tract, 232
Petar Erdeljan & Hassan Razvi

Part 5: Stone Removal

21 Rigid and Flexible Nephroscopy, 240
Mantu Gupta & Hiroshi Katsumi

22 Percutaneous Treatment of Ureteral Stones, 253
Oscar Schatloff, Amir Cooper & Yoram I. Siegel

23 Special Problems with Staghorn Calculi, 260
Kevan M. Sternberg & Timothy D. Averch

24 Percutaneous Lithotripsy and Stone Extraction, 268
Michael S. Lasser & Gyan Pareek

Part 6: Other Uses of Nephrostomy Access

25 Percutaneous Treatment of Calyceal Diverticula, Infundibular Stenosis, and Simple Renal Cysts, 277
Amy E. Krambeck & James E. Lingeman

26 Percutaneous Instillation of Chemolytic, Chemotherapeutic, and Antifungal Agents, 290
Mohamed A. Elkoushy, Philippe D. Violette & Sero Andonian

27 Percutaneous Treatment of Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction, 310
Paul J. Van Cangh

28 Percutaneous Management of Upper Urinary Tract Transitional Cell Carcinoma, 316
Jonathan J. Rhee & Thomas W. Jarrett

Part 7: Exit Strategy and Complications

29 Exit Strategy After Percutaneous Renal Surgery: Drainage and Hemostasis, 326
Arun K. Srinivasan, Zeph Okeke & Arthur D. Smith

30 Hemorrhagic Complications Associated with Renal Surgery, 334
Ardeshir R. Rastinehad, Sero Andonian, & David N. Siegel

31 Diagnosis and Management of Thoracic Complications of Percutaneous Renal Surgery, 340
Jennifer Yates & Ravi Munver

32 Bowel and Other Organ Injury during Percutaneous Renal Surgery, 349
Saeed Al-Qahtani & Olivier Traxer

SECTION 3: URETEROSCOPY

Part 1: General Principles

33 Ureteral Anatomy, 357
Dorit E. Zilberman

34 Rigid and Flexible Ureteroscopes: Technical Features, 365
David A. Payne & Francis X. Keeley, Jr

35 Ureteroscopy Working Instruments, 388
Renato N. Pedro & Manoj Monga

36 Access to the Ureter: Rigid Ureteroscopy, 395
Fernando C. Delvecchio

37 Access to the Ureter: Flexible Ureteroscopy, 402
Ojas Shah & Elias Hyams

38 Ureteroscopic Management of Ureteral Calculi, 412
Gautam Jayram & Glenn S. Gerber

39 Ureteroscopic Management of Renal Calculi, 418
Sven Lahme

40 Diagnostic Ureteroscopy, 429
Michael J. Conlin

41 Ureteroscopic Diagnosis and Treatment of Upper Urinary Tract Neoplasms, 436
Demetrius H. Bagley

Part 2: Ureteroscopic Management of Ureteral Obstruction

42 Retrograde Ureteroscopic Endopyelotomy for Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction, 453
Ugur Boylu & Raju Thomas

43 Mid-Ureteral Obstruction, 461
Mrinal Dhar & Michael Grasso

44 Distal Ureteral Strictures, 472
Amin S. Herati & Mohamed A. Atalla

45 Endoscopic Management of Ureteroenteric Strictures, 481
Davis P. Viprakasit & S. Duke Herrell

46 Ureteroscopy: Ureteral Stents and Postoperative Care, 495
Ben H. Chew & Ryan F. Paterson

47 Ureteroscopy Complications, 506
Petrisor Geavlete

48 Ureteroscopy into the Future: Robotic Ureteroscopy, 519
Monish Aron

SECTION 4: SHOCK-WAVE LITHOTRIPSY

49 Physics of Shock-Wave Lithotripsy, 529
Robin O. Cleveland & James A. McAteer

50 Lithotripsy Systems, 559
Geert G. Tailly

51 Shock-Wave Treatment of Renal Calculi, 576
Hans-Göran Tiselius

52 Shock-Wave Lithotripsy of Ureteral Calculi, 598
Damien M. Bolton & Anthony Ta

53 Complications of Shock-Wave Lithotripsy, 612
Fang Jann Lee & Yeh Hong Tan

SECTION 5: STONE MANAGEMENT IN UROLOGY

Part 1: General Principles

54 Natural History of Stones, 625
Michael G. Santomauro & Brian K. Auge

55 Initial Choice of Therapy in the Urinary Stone Patient, 634
Peter L. Steinberg & David M. Hoenig

56 Management of Urolithiasis during Pregnancy, 644
Petar Erdeljan & John D. Denstedt

57 Management of Stones in Obesity, 654
Ömer Levent Tuncay, Cenk Acar & Saadettin Eskicorapci

58 Management of Residual Stone Fragments, 662
Andreas Skolarikos

59 Management of Renal Colic and Triage in the Emergency Room, 675
Marius Cloete Conradie

60 Anesthesia for the Endourologic Management of Stone Disease, 688
John Di Capua, Harold Kim, Kenneth Cordero & Beatrice Saldana Ferretti

Part 2: Management of Stones in Abnormal Situations

61 Horseshoe Kidney, 702
Wan Wan Yap, Tze Wah & Adrian D. Joyce

62 Associated Conditions and Treatment of the Pelvic Kidney, 707
Nadya M. Cinman, Zeph Okeke & Arthur D. Smith

63 Management of Stone Disease in Renal Transplant Kidneys, 716
Ali Riza Kural & Can Öbek

64 Stones in Urinary Diversions: Causes and Treatment, 725
Zeph Okeke, Zhamshid Okhunov & Arthur D. Smith

65 Management of Pediatric Stone Disease: Endourologic Techniques, 735
Marc C. Smaldone, Daniel P. Casella & Michael C. Ost

Part 3: Cost-Effectiveness and Long-Term Stenting

66 Cost-Effective Strategies for Management of Renal and Ureteral Calculi, 756
Sara Best, Yair Lotan & Margaret S. Pearle

67 Long-Term Stenting of the Ureter, 772
Evangelos Liatsikos, Panagiotis Kallidonis, Dimitrios Karnabatidis & Theodoros Petsas

Index to Volumes I and II

VOLUME II

SECTION 6: LAPAROSCOPY AND ROBOTIC SURGERY

Part 1: General Principles

68 Patient Preparation and Operating Room Set-up for Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgery, 785
Sarah P. Conley & Benjamin R. Lee

69 Anesthetic Considerations during Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgery, 793
Alan Butler, Kenneth Cordero & John Di Capua

70 Pneumoperitoneum: Physiologic Effects, 811
Jay D. Raman & Jeffrey A. Cadeddu

Part 2: Instrumentation and Access

71 Laparoscopy: Basic Instrumentation, 827
Khaled Shahrour & Stephen V. Jackman

72 Robotic Surgery: Basic Instrumentation and Troubleshooting, 843
Wooju Jeong, Firas Petros & Craig Rogers

73 Minimally Invasive Urologic Reconstructive Techniques: Suture, Staple, and Clip Technology, 848
Michael J. Schwartz

74 Obtaining Access: Transperitoneal Approach and Trocar Placement, 858
Debora K. Moore, John C. Coleman & Robert G. Moore

75 Retroperitoneal Access, 874
Ali Moinzadeh

76 Basic Hand-Assisted Laparoscopic Techniques, 878
J. Stuart Wolf Jr

Part 3: Laparoscopy and Robotics in Adults

77 Pelvic Lymphadenectomy, 893
Steven M. Lucas & Chandru P. Sundaram

78 Endoscopic Subcutaneous Modified Inguinal Lymph Node Dissection for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Penis, 917
Jay T. Bishoff

79 Laparoscopic Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection, 924
Thomas J. Guzzo & Mohamad E. Allaf

80 Laparoscopic Varicocelectomy, 932
Duong Tu & Kenneth I. Glassberg

81 Renal Surgery for Benign Disease, 940
Sean P. Hedican & Stephen Y. Nakada

82 Laparoscopic Living Donor Nephrectomy, 992
Jonathan D. Harper, Alberto Breda & Peter G. Schulam

83 Renal Surgery for Malignant Disease: Radical Nephrectomy and Nephroureterectomy, 1000
Ben R. McHone, Thomas W. Jarrett & Peter A. Pinto

84 Renal Surgery for Malignant Disease: Nephron-Sparing Surgery, 1014
Pascal Zehnder, Manuel S. Eisenberg & Inderbir S. Gill

85 Laparoscopic and Robotic Adrenalectomy, 1025
Daniel Yong, Matvey Tsivian & David M. Albala

86 Laparoscopic and Robotic Reconstructive Surgery of the Ureter, 1036
Ioannis Varkarakis

87 Laparoscopic and Robotic Techniques for the Management of Pelvic Organ Prolapse, 1060
Courtenay K. Moore & Raymond R. Rackley

88 Laparoscopic and Robotic Techniques for Repair of Female Genitourinary Fistulas, 1068
Lalgudi N. Dorairajan & Ashok K. Hemal

89 Laparoscopic and Robotic Bladder Surgery, 1079
Koon Ho Rha, Enrique Ian S. Lorenzo & Cheol Kyu Oh

90 Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy, 1094
Jens Rassweiler, Giovannalberto Pini, Marcel Hruza, Ali Serdar Goezen & Dogu Teber

91 Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy, 1119
Jason Y. Lee, Douglas W. Skarecky & Thomas E. Ahlering

92 Optimizing Outcomes During Laparoscopic and Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy: Oncologic Concerns, Potency, and Continence, 1135
Daniel Willis & Li-Ming Su

93 Minimally Invasive Simple Prostatectomy, 1147
Matthew H. Hayn & Khurshid A. Guru

94 Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgery of the Seminal Vesicles, 1152
James C. Brien & Michael D. Fabrizio

95 Laparoscopic Abdominal Wall Hernias: Incisional, Parastomal, and Inguinal Hernia Repairs, 1160
Thai T. Nguyen & Howard N. Winfi eld

Part 4: Laparoscopy and Robotics in Children

96 Laparoscopic and Robotic Pyeloplasty in Children, 1179
Craig A. Peters

97 Pediatric Laparoscopic and Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Renal Surgery, 1188
Brian A. VanderBrink & Michael C. Ost

98 Minimally Invasive Techniques in Lower Urinary Tract Reconstruction, 1201
Arun Srinivasan, Gianmarco Isgrò & Salvatore Micali

99 Laparoscopic Management of the Undescended Testicle, 1208
Lane S. Palmer

Part 5: Exit Strategy and Complications

100 Laparoscopic Exit: Specimen Removal, Closure, and Drainage, 1219
Ricardo A. Natalin, Jaime Landman & Adam C. Mues

101 Complications in Urologic Laparoscopy, 1230
David Canes, Camilo Giedelman & Rene Sotelo

Part 6: LESS and NOTES

102 LESS and NOTES: History and Introduction, 1241
Pradeep P. Rao & Prashanth P. Rao

103 NOTES: Instruments, Platforms, and Endoscopes, 1248
Mark D. Sawyer & Lee E. Ponsky

104 NOTES: Access and Exit, 1258
Candace F. Granberg & Matthew T. Gettman

105 NOTES: Clinical Experience in Urology, 1266
Geoffery N. Box

106 Laparoendoscopic Single-Site Surgery: Ports, Access, and Instrumentation, 1274
Michael A. White & Jihad H. Kaouk

107 Laparoendoscopic Single-Site Upper Tract Surgery, 1283
Soroush Rais-Bahrami, Abhay Rane & Lee Richstone

108 Laparoendoscopic Single-Site Lower Tract Surgery, 1292
Mihir M. Desai

SECTION 7: IMAGE-GUIDED DIAGNOSTICS AND THERAPEUTICS

Part 1: Upper Tract

109 Radiologic Diagnosis of Renal Masses, 1299
Gail S. Smith, Carolyn K. Donaldson & Richard M. Gore

110 Renal Mass Biopsy, 1327
Kurdo Barwari, M.Pilar Laguna & Jean de la Rosette

111 Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation of Kidney Tumors, 1342
Obi Ekwenna, Rajan Ramanathan & Raymond J. Leveillee

112 Percutaneous Cryoablation for Renal Tumors, 1358
Manish A. Vira

Part 2: Lower Tract

113 Image-Guided Prostate Brachytherapy, 1371
Louis Potters & Lucille Lee

114 Image-Guided External Beam Radiotherapy, 1376
Lucille Lee & Louis Potters

115 High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound of the Prostate, 1393
Christian G. Chaussy & Stefan Thüroff

116 Cryotherapy of the Prostate, 1406
Matvey Tsivian & Thomas J. Polascik

117 Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Urology, 1416
Bastiaan Brand, Jean de la Rosette & Hessel Wijkstra

118 Endorectal MRI: Use in Prostate Cancer, 1425
Abhishek Srivastava, Sonal Grover, Prasanna Sooriakumaran & Ashutosh Tewari

Part 3: Angioembolization of the Urinary Tract

119 Angioembolization in Urology, 1438
Ardeshir R. Rastinehad, Peter A. Pinto & David N. Siegel

SECTION 8: LOWER URINARY TRACT

Part 1: Assessment of Voiding Dysfunction/Prostate

120 Assessment of Outfl ow Obstruction and Sphincteric Incontinence in Men: A Urodynamic and Fluoroscopic Perspective, 1451
Hiroshi Katsumi, Matthew P. Rutman & Jerry G. Blaivas

121 Offi ce-Based Cystoscopy: Continued Advances, 1463
Judson D. Davies & Sam S. Chang

Part 2: Offi ce/Ambulatory Set-up for Minimally Invasive Treatment of the Prostate

122 Equipment Set-up and Patient Handouts, 1468
Mayank Mohan Agarwal, Crystal R. Combs & Gopal H. Badlani

123 Local Anesthesia for Minimally Invasive Treatment of the Prostate in the Offi ce Setting, 1481
Jay Hollander & Damon Dyche

Part 3: Offi ce-Based Treatment for the Prostate

124 Microwave Therapy, 1490
Stavros Gravas

125 Transurethral Needle Ablation of the Prostate, 1503
Alexandre R. Zlotta & Cynthia Kuk

126 Prostate Laser Vaporization Using the 980-nm Laser System, 1522
James C. Ulchaker

Part 4: Day Operative Procedures for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

127 Holmium Laser Therapy of the Prostate, 1526
Hazem M. Elmansy & Mostafa M. Elhilali

128 532-nm High-Power Transurethral Laser Prostatectomy, 1536
Bilal Chughtai, Melissa Laudano, Richard Lee & Alexis E. Te

129 Thulium Lasers, 1548
Andreas J. Gross

130 Interstitial Laser Therapy, 1558
Rolf Muschter

Part 5: Ablation of the Prostate

131 Electrosurgery of the Prostate: Improvements in Electrosurgical Unit, Transurethral Vaporization of the Prostate, and Bipolar Resection, 1575
Ranan DasGupta & Anup Patel

132 Monopolar Energy, 1592
Madhu S. Agrawal, Himanshu Yadav & Mayank Agarwal

133 Bipolar Resection, 1602
Jaspreet S. Sandhu

134 Bipolar Vaporization of the Prostate, 1610
Kyle A. Richards & Gopal H. Badlani

Part 6: Intra- and Trans-vesical Procedures

135 Single-Port Transvesical Simple Prostatectomy, 1617
Rene Sotelo, Camilo Giedelman & Mihir Desai

136 Bladder Injections for Refractory Overactive Bladder, 1625
Mehrdad Alemozaffar & Anurag K. Das

137 STING Procedure for Refl ux, 1633
Steve J. Hodges

138 Minimally Invasive Therapy for Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome, 1640
Sylvia Montag & Robert Moldwin

Part 7: Endoscopic and Minimally Invasive Approach to Strictures

139 Incision: Endoscopic Management of Urethral Stenoses, 1650
Jeremy B. Tonkin, Kurt A. McCammon & Gerald H. Jordan

140 Bladder Neck Contracture Following Radical Prostatectomy, 1661
Timothy B. Boone

Part 8: Incontinence

141 Bioinjectables for SUI (Stress Urinary Incontinence), 1666
John J. Smith III & Simone Crivellaro

142 Single-Incision Slings, 1672
Michael J. Kennelly & Erinn Myers

143 Mid-Urethral Slings for the Treatment of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence, 1684
Eva Fong, Sagar Shah & Victor Nitti

144 Maxi/Pubovaginal Sling, 1699
Bhavin Patel & Gopal Badlani

145 Mesh Kits for Vaginal Prolapse Surgery, 1706
G. Willy Davila

146 Male Slings for Treatment of Post-Prostatectomy Incontinence, 1714
Ajay Nehra & E. Fred McPhail

Index to Volumes I and II

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Arthur D. Smith MD, Chief Emeritus, Arthur Smith Institute of Urology, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, New Hyde Park, NY, USA

Glenn Preminger, Professor of Urology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA

Gopal Badlani, Professor of Urology, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, NC, USA

Louis Kavoussi, Chairman of Urology, Arthur Smith Institute of Urology, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, New Hyde Park, NY, USA

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Review copy sent 29/03/12: Urology News
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