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Small - Cap Dynamics: Insights, Analysis, and Models

ISBN: 978-1-57660-029-0
352 pages
September 2000
Small - Cap Dynamics: Insights, Analysis, and Models (1576600297) cover image


Small-cap stocks have long been instrumental in profitable portfolios, offering many attractive fundamentals. But without sound knowledge and a risk-wise strategy, red chips can be dangerous turf. In the case of small caps in particular, the confluence of information and market timing is critical.

Wall Street strategist Satya Dev Pradhuman here provides his insights and tools, directing professional investors to more successfully navigate in the small-cap environment. As the director of small-cap research at Merrill Lynch, and an oft-quoted top-tier authority in the field, Pradhuman is a voice other market professionals depend on for reliable analysis of this segment. Small-Cap Dynamics is his definitive guidebook. It explains the nature of small-cap cycles and why investors have favored small stocks over the long term. It also elucidates the dynamic issues driving this market sector as well as the dramatic shifts that occur as small stocks evolve into large stocks--and how investors can capitalize on these shifts.

Thoroughly illustrated with useful charts and graphs throughout, the book provides practical advice on market timing small stocks according to key risk indicators, the ins and outs of small-cap benchmarks, and guidelines for examining and stress-testing stock selection models, plus much more. This volume is a timely, accessible, and comprehensive resource that will benefit all who seek investment wisdom in this immensely fascinating and significant market segment.
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Table of Contents


PART I: Fundamentals of the Secondary Market.

Chapter One: Small Stocks and the Relevance of Size.
Why Investors Have Favored Small Stocks.
Classic Small-Cap Types.
Small-Cap Cycles Tend to Be Severe.
Size Rotations from Small Caps to Large Caps.
The Domino Effect.
Preference of Large-Cap Active Investors for Small-Cap Cycles.
How Much Is the Size Factor Worth, and to Whom?
Four Primary Factors Influencing Small-Cap Performance.
Benchmark Definitions.

Chapter Two: The Small-Cap Backdrop.
Microstructure of Equity Markets.
Defining a Company's Size by Its Market Capitalization.
Implications of Unevenly Distributed Market.
Characteristics of the Small-Cap Market.
Small-Cap Benchmarks.
Four Conditions Supporting Small-Cap Asset Class.
A More Delineated Investing Landscape.

Chapter Three: Major Small-Cap and Large-Cap Cycles.
Cycle 1--A Period of Extremes (December 1925-May 1932).
Cycle 2--A Time to Rebuild (June 1932-February 1937).
Cycle 3--The Winds of War (March 1937-December 1939).
Cycle 4--The War Years (January 1940-May 1946).
Noncycle--The Post-War Era (June 1946-November 1964).
Cycle 5--The Vietnam Era (December 1964-December 1968).
Cycle 6--The Complex Years (January 1969-November 1973).
Cycle 7--The Ravages of Inflation (December 1973-July 1983).
Cycle 8--The Go-Go Eighties (August 1983-October 1990).
Cycle 9--The Transition Period (November 1990-December 1993).
Cycle 10--Global Franchises and the Goldilocks Economy (January 1994-January 2000).

Chapter Four: A Changing Landscape--Significant Recent Trends Affecting the Small-Cap Market.
Influence of Technology and the Internet.
Greater Access to Capital for Small Caps.
Institutional Investing.
Increased Aggressiveness of Large Corporations.
Use of Options, Futures, and Other Financial.
Engineering Techniques.

PART II: Navigating in the Small-Cap Universe.

Chapter Five: Asset Allocation and Small Caps.
Using the Asset Allocation Model to Yield an Efficient Portfolio.
Applying an Asset Allocation Framework to Small Stocks.
Small Stocks and the Equity Equation: What Proportion Makes Sense?
The Increasing Relevance of Asset Allocation by Size.
Global Diversification.
The Dollar and the Small-Cap Cycle.
Exceptions to the Rule.
Small Stock Exposure as a Proportion of the Total Equity Market.
Exposure to Small Caps Over the Long Term.
Time Horizon of Investments.
Probability-of-Loss Approach to Assessing Risk.

Chapter Six: Drivers of Secondary Stocks.
Small Caps Outperform Large: Fact or Fiction?
Static Drivers and the Small-Cap Premium.
Dynamic Drivers.
The Uncertainty Paradox.

Chapter Seven: Market Timing Small Stocks.
Short-Term Indicators and Strategic Factors Compared.
Earnings Signals.
Trading Insights from Insider Transactions.
New Issuance Market and Small-Cap Trends.

Chapter Eight: Stock Selection Models.
Investing Framework.
The Value of Quantitative Models.
Key Considerations in Small-Cap Models.
Momentum Investing Models.
Earnings Expectations Models.
Valuation Models.
The Size Effect.
A Multifactor Small-Cap Model.

Chapter Nine: Style Investing.
Investment Style-Growth, Value, and the Style Cycle.
Growth or Value Orientation: The Psychological Factor.
Measuring Investment Styles.
Structuring a Style Model.
Methodology Considerations.

Chapter Ten: The January Effect: A Seasonal Premium.
January Effect Defined.
A Market Anomaly.
Potential Drivers of the Seasonal Effect.
Small-Cap Rebound and Large-Cap Market.
Other Drivers.
Confluence of Factors Leading to January Effect.
January Effect as a Value Effect.
December Effect for Growth Stocks.
Capitalizing on the Seasonal Bias

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Author Information

Satya Dev Pradhuman, currently CEO of Cirrus Research LLC, was the director of small-cap research at Merrill Lynch. He had been regularly named as a top ranking analyst in the Institutional Investor magazine. Previously, he was a quantitative strategist focusing on U.S. equity and equity derivative-related strategies at Merrill Lynch. Prior to 1989, he worked as an analyst in the research departments at E.F. Hutton and Lehman Brothers. Pradhuman is widely quoted in the financial press on the topic of small caps.
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"Satya Pradhuman has done an exceptional job of combining careful analysis with good insights on investing in small-cap stocks. This book should be required reading for informed investors."               
- Aswath Damodaran
Professor of Finance
Leonard Stern School of Business
New York University

"Small-Cap Dynamics is one of the most detailed and insightful books I've ever encountered on the subject of small-cap investing. It offers the reader considerable insights into the most interesting and vibrant sector of the stock market. Based on Satya Pradhuman's . . . many years as a specialist focused on the small-cap sector, this book could easily become as meaningful to small-cap investing as Graham and Dodd has to fundamental security analysis."
- Richard Driehaus
Founder, CEO, and CIO
Driehaus Capital Management, Inc.

"This is the definitive book on small-cap investing. Satya Pradhuman addresses all essential aspects of this investment opportunity in straightforward language backed by exhaustive research. If you want to be a winner, read Small-Cap Dynamics to understand how this market operates."
- Martin Fridson
Managing Director
Merrill Lynch & Co.
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