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Environmental Hydraulics: Modeling Software, Volume 5

ISBN: 978-1-84821-157-5
320 pages
November 2010, Wiley-ISTE
Environmental Hydraulics: Modeling Software, Volume 5 (1848211570) cover image
This series of five volumes proposes an integrated description of physical processes modeling used by scientific disciplines from meteorology to coastal morphodynamics. Volume 1 describes the physical processes and identifies the main measurement devices used to measure the main parameters that are indispensable to implement all these simulation tools. Volume 2 presents the different theories in an integrated approach: mathematical models as well as conceptual models, used by all disciplines to represent these processes. Volume 3 identifies the main numerical methods used in all these scientific fields to translate mathematical models into numerical tools. Volume 4 is composed of a series of case studies, dedicated to practical applications of these tools in engineering problems. To complete this presentation, volume 5 identifies and describes the modeling software in each discipline.
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Introduction xv

PART 1. 3D MODELS 1

Chapter 1. Non-Linear Waves With REFLUX 3D 3
Philippe SERGENT

1.1. Context 3

1.2. Data required for implementation 13

1.3. Specific numerical methods 14

1.4. Modeling options 17

1.5. Results output by the code, and operation 21

1.6. Examples of models 25

1.7. Bibliography 25

Chapter 2. Current Modeling with TELEMAC3D 29
Jacques CHORDA and Marie-Madeleine MAUBOURGUET

2.1. TELEMAC3D: 3D hydrodynamics at a free surface 29

2.2. Equations used in TELEMAC3D 30

2.3. Choices of 3D mesh 31

2.4. Specific features 31

2.5. Simple transition from TELEMAC2D to TELEMAC3D 32

2.6. Application example 32

2.7. Bibliography 34

Chapter 3. Atmospheric Modeling 35
Jean PAILLEUX

3.1. The rise of modeling as a tool in meteorology 35

3.2. Operational weather forecasting models 36

3.3. Towards kilometer-scale numerical forecasting – the AROME model 40

3.4. Bibliography 43

Chapter 4. Groundwater Flow Modeling in Porous Media Using MARTHE 45
Dominique THIÉRY

4.1. Application area 45

4.2. References 46

4.3. Technical features 47

4.4. Structure of the code 49

4.5. WinMarthe preprocessor 51

4.6. Simulation of the migration of a pollution plume 54

4.7. Complex hydrogeological configurations 56

4.8. Biphasic simulation of saline intrusion 59

4.9. Infiltration of imiscible TCE (tetracholoethylene) into heterogenous sand initially saturated with water 60

4.10. Biphasic simulation of water injected at four points into an aquifier initially saturated with oil 60

4.11. Biphasic simulation of methane storage in an aquifer 60

PART 2. 2D MODELS 63

Chapter 5. Meteorology and Hydrology 65
Florence HABETS

5.1. Bibliography 69

Chapter 6. Hydrological Modeling with MARINE 71
Marie-Madeleine MAUBOURGUET

6.1. General description of MARINE 71

6.2. Description of pre-processing 72

6.3. Description of the hydrological module 73

6.4. Description of river transport 78

6.5. Application examples 78

6.6. Bibliography 80

Chapter 7. Distributed Hydrological Modeling – the ATHYS Platform 83
Christophe BOUVIER, Anne CRESPY, Agnès L’AOUR-DUFOUR, François Noël CRES, François DESCLAUX and Arthur MARCHANDISE

7.1. General description of ATHYS 83

7.2. Pre-processing phase 84

7.3. Description hydrological models 86

7.4. Description of post-processing 92

7.5. Applications 93

7.6. Conclusions and future directions 99

7.7. Bibliography 100

Chapter 8. Operational Applications of the LARSIM Model for Flood Forecasting 101
Norbert DEMUTH

8.1. The problem 101

8.2. Structure of the LARSIM model 101

8.3. Operational mode – summary 102

8.4. Quality control and validation of input data 103

8.5. Spatial interpolation of rainfall data 105

8.6. Launching a forecasting simulation 105

8.7. Analysis of results, and experiments performed by the flood prediction services 105

8.8. Bibliography 107

Chapter 9. Real-Time Runoff – Infiltration Models: TOPMODEL 109
Georges-Marie SAULNIER

9.1. Introduction 109

9.2. TOPMODEL philosophy 110

9.3. Advantages of TOPMODEL 113

9.4. Forcing and predicted variables in TOPMODEL 113

9.5. Analytical basis 116

9.6. Bibliography 117

Chapter 10. Currents with TELEMAC2D 119
Marie-Madeleine MAUBOURGUET and Jacques CHORDA

10.1. TELEMAC2D: hydrodynamics and the environment 119

10.2. The TELEMAC system 120

10.3. Original features and customizable code 121

10.4. TELEMAC as a training tool for hydraulic engineers 122

10.5. Bibliography 126

Chapter 11. 2D Model of Sediment Transport with RUBAR 20TS 129
André PAQUIER

11.1. Description of the 2D RUBAR 20TS model 129

11.2. Bibliography 138

Chapter 12. NAVMER: Ship Trajectory Simulator 139
Yann HOLLOCOU

12.1. The simulator 139

12.2. Simulations of a passenger vessel on the Seine 140

12.3. Sixth crossing on the Seine 141

12.4. Le Havre Port 2000: navigability of outer reaches 145

12.5. Port of Nice 146

12.6. Outlook 153

PART 3. 1D MODELS 155

Chapter 13. Waves Using VAG 157
Philippe SERGENT

13.1. Context 157

13.2. Results from the operational code 162

13.3. Examples of models 163

13.4. Bibliography 163

Chapter 14. Real Time Discharge-Discharge Models with SOPHIE 165
Marie-Pierre NÉRARD

14.1. Discharge-discharge relationships 166

14.2. Rainfall-runoff models 170

14.3. Other models 172

14.4. Which model to use? 174

Chapter 15. 1D Flow Models: Comparing MASCARET and RUBAR 3 177
André PAQUIER, Patrick CHASSÉ, Nicole GOUTAL and Amélie BESNARD

15.1. Analysis of Saint-Venant equations for transcritical flows 177

15.2. Numerical solution of sub-critical and super-critical regimes for the 1D Saint-Venant equations: examples of the RUBAR 3 and MASCARET computer codes 184

15.3. Example calculation: propagation of the dam-break wave for the Malpasset barrage 194

15.4. Bibliography 198

Chapter 16. 1D Compartment Flow Models 201
Jean-Baptiste FAURE and André PAQUIER

16.1. Context 201

16.2. Modeling options 202

16.3. Data required for implementation 203

16.4. Specific numerical methods 205

16.5. Code output and analysis 206

16.6. Examples of models 206

Chapter 17. CANOE: an Urban Hydrology Software Package 209
Bernard CHOCAT

17.1. Origin 209

17.2. General description 209

17.3. Structural data management (project) 211

17.4. Management of structure catalog (transport) 212

17.5. Management of hydrometric data (rainfall) 213

17.6. Hydrological and hydraulic simulation 213

17.7. Water quality simulation 215

17.8. Project assistant 216

17.9. CANOE-GIS 217

17.10. Examples of pre-and post-processing workflows 217

Chapter 18. Water Quality with ProSe 219
Patrick GOBLET and Stéphanie EVEN

18.1. Hydrodynamic model 219

18.2. Transport model 220

18.3. Sediment exchange 220

18.4. Biochemical model 222

18.5. Bibliography 224

Chapter 19. Substance Transport 227
Jean-Baptiste FAURE

19.1. Context 227

19.2. Modeling options  228

19.3. Data required for implementation 229

19.4. Specific numerical methods  230

19.5. Results from the code, and analysis of results 232

19.6. Bibliography 232

Chapter 20. 1D Sediment Transport with RUBARBE and TSAR 233
André PAQUIER

20.1. RUBARBE code 233

20.2. Sediment description for the river bed 235

20.3. Method of solution 236

20.4. Sedimentary balance within a mesh cell 236

20.5. Shear stress calculation 238

20.6. The TSAR code 240

20.7. Bibliography 243

Chapter 21. An Integrated Simulation Platform – PamHyr 245
Jean-Baptiste FAURE

21.1. Overview 245

21.2. Key features of a hydraulic modeling environment (HME) 246

21.3. PamHyr: an example HME 247

21.4. Bibliography 251

List of Authors 253

Index 257

General Index of Authors 259

Summaries of Other Volumes in the Series 261

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