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Mechanical Behavior of Concrete

ISBN: 978-1-84821-178-0
448 pages
April 2010, Wiley-ISTE
Mechanical Behavior of Concrete (1848211783) cover image
This title provides a comprehensive overview of all aspects of the mechanical behavior of concrete, including such features as its elastoplasticity, its compressive and tensile strength, its behavior over time (including creep and shrinkage, cracking and fatigue) as well as modeling techniques and its response to various stimuli. As such, it will be required reading for anyone wishing to increase their knowledge in this area.
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Foreword xi

PART 1. INSTANTANEOUS OR TIME-INDEPENDENT MODELS FOR CONCRETE 1

Chapter 1. Test Techniques and Experimental Characterization 3
Nicolas BURLION

1.1. Introduction 3

1.2. Experimental specificities related to concrete material 4

1.3. Extensometers and experimental conditions 12

1.4. Behavior of concrete under uniaxial stress: classical tests 21

1.5. Concrete under multiaxial stresses 32

1.6. Conclusions regarding the experimental characterization of the multiaxial behavior of concrete 54

1.7. Bibliography 55

Chapter 2. Modeling the Macroscopic Behavior of Concrete 63
Jean-Marie REYNOUARD, Jean-François GEORGIN, Khalil HAIDAR and Gilles PIJAUDIER-CABOT

2.1. Introduction 63

2.2. The discrete approach 65

2.3. Continuous approach 71

2.4. Conclusion 106

2.5. Bibliography 115

Chapter 3. Failure and Size Effect of Structural Concrete 121
Gilles PIJAUDIER-CABOT and Khalil HAIDAR

3.1. Introduction 121

3.2. Probabilistic structural size effect 124

3.3. Deterministic size effect 130

3.4. Fractality and size effect 134

3.5. Size effect and calibration of non-local models 138

3.6. Conclusions 143

3.7. Acknowledgement 145

3.8. Bibliography 145

PART 2. CONCRETE UNDER CYCLIC AND DYNAMIC LOADING 149

Chapter 4. Cyclic Behavior of Concrete and Reinforced Concrete 151
Jean-François DUBÉ

4.1. Characterization tests of the cyclic behavior 151

4.2. Modeling the reinforced concrete cyclic behavior 163

4.3. Modeling of the cyclic behavior of concrete 170

4.4. Conclusions 180

4.5. Bibliography 181

Chapter 5. Cyclic and Dynamic Loading Fatigue of Structural Concrete 185
Jean-François DESTREBECQ

5.1. Introduction 185

5.2. The mechanisms of concrete fatigue 186

5.3. The fatigue strength under uniaxial compression or traction 193

5.4. Extension to Aas-Jakobsen’s formula 197

5.5. Fatigue under multiaxial loading 202

5.6. Fatigue under high-level cyclic loading 207

5.7. Fatigue strength under variable level cyclic loadings 214

5.8. Bibliography 219

Chapter 6. Rate-Dependent Behavior and Modeling for Transient Analyses 225
Fabrice GATUINGT

6.1. Introduction 225

6.2. Experimental behavior 225

6.3. Behavior modeling of concrete in dynamics 240

6.4. Bibliography 261

PART 3. TIME-DEPENDENT RESPONSE OF CONCRETE 265

Chapter 7. Concrete at an Early Age: the Major Parameters 267
Vincent WALLER and Buqan MIAO

7.1. Introduction 267

7.2. Influence of the composition of concrete 267

7.3. Consequences of boundary conditions 282

7.4. Conclusion 290

7.5. Bibliography 290

Chapter 8. Modeling Concrete at Early Age 297
Franz-Josef ULM, Jean-Michel TORRENTI, Benoît BISSONETTE and Jacques MARCHAND

8.1. Introduction 297

8.2. The coupled thermo-chemo-mechanical problem 297

8.3. Data collection and experimental methods 309

8.4. Conclusion 331

8.5. Bibliography 331

Chapter 9. Delayed Effects – Creep and Shrinkage 339
Farid BENBOUDJEMA, Fékri MEFTAH, Grégory HEINFLING, Fabrice LEMAOU and Jean Michel TORRENTI

9.1. Introduction 339

9.2. Definitions and mechanisms 340

9.3. Experimental approach 354

9.4. Delayed response modeling 361

9.5. Codified models 383

9.6. Conclusion 400

9.7. Bibliography 400

Closing Remarks: New Concretes, New Techniques, and Future Models 409
Jean Michel TORRENTI, Gilles PIJAUDIER-CABOT and Jean-Marie REYNOUARD

List of Authors 415

Index 417

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