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Industrial Use of Formal Methods: Formal Verification

ISBN: 978-1-84821-363-0
320 pages
July 2012, Wiley-ISTE
Industrial Use of Formal Methods: Formal Verification (1848213638) cover image

At present the literature gives students and researchers of the very general books on the formal technics. The purpose of this book is to present in a single book, a return of experience on the used of the “formal technics” (such proof and model-checking) on industrial examples for the transportation domain.

This book is based on the experience of people which are completely involved in the realization and the evaluation of safety critical system software based. 

The implication of the industrialists allows to raise the problems of confidentiality which could appear and so allow to supply new useful information (photos, plan of architecture, real example).

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Introduction xi
Jean-Louis BOULANGER

Chapter 1. SPARK – A Language and Tool-Set for High-Integrity Software Development 1
Ian O’NEILL

1.1. Introduction 1

1.2. An overview of SPARK 2

1.3. The rationale behind SPARK 3

1.4. Industrial applications of SPARK 15

1.5. Conclusion 25

1.6. Bibliography 26

Chapter 2. Model-Based Testing Automatic Generation of Test Cases Using the Markov Chain Model 29
Héléne LE GUEN, Frederique VALLÉE and Anthony FAUCOGNEY

2.1. Preliminaries on the test process 29

2.2. Modeling using Markov chains 32

2.3. The MaTeLo tool 52

2.4. Examples of industrial applications 75

2.5. Conclusion 79

2.6. Bibliography 80

Chapter 3. Safety Analysis of the Embedded Systems with the AltaRica Approach 83
Pierre BIEBER and Christel SEGUIN

3.1. Introduction 83

3.2. Safety analysis of embedded systems 83

3.3. AltaRica language and tools 85

3.4. Examples of modeling and safety analysis 99

3.5. Comparison with other approaches 110

3.6. Conclusion 113

3.7. Special thanks 117

3.8. Bibliography 118

Chapter 4. Polyspace 123
Patrick MUNIER

4.1. Overview 123

4.2. Introduction to software quality and verification procedures 124

4.3. Static analysis 126

4.4. Dynamic tests 126

4.5. Abstract interpretation 127

4.6. Code verification 127

4.7. Robustness verification or contextual verification 131

4.8. Examples of Polyspace results 133

4.9. Carrying out a code verification with Polyspace 138

4.10. Use of Polyspace can improve the quality of embedded software 140

4.11. Carrying out certification with Polyspace 145

4.12. The creation of critical onboard software 146

4.13. Concrete uses of Polyspace 146

4.14. Conclusion 152

4.15. Bibliography 152

Chapter 5. Escher Verification Studio Perfect Developer and Escher C Verifier 155
Judith CARLTON and David CROCKER

5.1. Introduction 155

5.2. Perfect Developer – its inspiration and foundations 156

5.3. Theoretical foundations 159

5.4. The Perfect language 160

5.5. A Perfect Developer example 161

5.6. Escher C verifier 168

5.7. The C subset supported by eCv 169

5.8. The annotation language of eCv 169

5.9. Escher C verifier examples 173

5.10. The theorem prover used by Perfect Developer and Escher C verifier 180

5.11. Real-world applications of Perfect Developer and Escher C verifier 181

5.12. Future work 188

5.13. Glossary 190

5.14. Bibliography 191

Chapter 6. Partial Applications of Formal Methods 195
Aryldo G. RUSSO Jr.

6.1. History 195

6.2. Case studies 196

6.3. Conclusion 212

6.4. Bibliography 213

Chapter 7. Event-B and Rodin 215
Michael BUTLER, Asieh SALEHI FATHABADI and Renato SILVA

7.1. Event-B 215

7.2. Rodin as an Event-B tool 222

7.3. Event-B model decomposition 223

7.4. Case study: metro system 225

7.5. Acknowledgments 244

7.6. Bibliography 244

Chapter 8. Conclusion 247
Jean-Louis BOULANGER

8.1. Introduction 247

8.2. Structured, semi-formal and/or formal methods 248

8.3. Conclusion 280

8.4. Bibliography 282

Glossary 287

List of Authors 293

Index 295

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