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Dispersion Engineering for Integrated Nanophotonics

ISBN: 978-1-84821-564-1
128 pages
March 2014, Wiley-ISTE
Dispersion Engineering for Integrated Nanophotonics (1848215649) cover image

Description

This book shows how dispersion engineering in two dimensional dielectric photonic crystals can provide new effects for the precise control of light propagation for integrated nanophotonics.
Dispersion engineering in regular and graded photonic crystals to promote anomalous refraction effects is studied from the concepts to experimental demonstration via nanofabrication considerations. Self collimation, ultra and negative refraction, second harmonic generation, mirage and invisibility effects which lead to an unprecedented control of light propagation at the (sub-)wavelength scale for the field of integrated nanophotonics are detailed and commented upon.

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Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION vii

CHAPTER 1. Two-Dimensional Dielectric Photonic Crystals 1

1.1. Context 1

1.2. Concepts: photonic band structures and equi-frequency curves 2

1.2.1. Basic concepts on electromagnetic waves in 2D PhCs 3

1.2.2. Dispersion surfaces, equi-frequency curves and group velocity 6

1.3. Fundamental dispersion effects 8

1.3.1. The construction line method 8

1.3.2. A beam propagation model 9

1.3.3. The self-collimation effect 12

1.3.4. Mesoscopic self-collimation of light 14

1.3.5. The superprism effect 18

1.3.6. Negative refraction and -1 effective index in photonic crystals and metamaterials 20

1.4. From concepts to reality 26

1.4.1. 2D½ prototype design 27

1.4.2. Thick substrate versus membrane approach 27

1.4.3. 2D patterning and prototype designs 29

1.4.4. The 3D reality 34

1.5. Conclusion 35

CHAPTER 2. Flat Lenses 37

2.1. Context 37

2.2. Negative refraction based flat lenses 38

2.2.1. Effective parameters 38

2.2.2. A 2D photonic crystal based flat lens: dimensioning 42

2.2.3. Experiments 51

2.3. Gradient index lenses 56

2.3.1. GRIN lens concept 56

2.3.2. Negative index based GRIN lens (the hole case) 57

2.3.3. Positive index based GRIN lens (the pillar case) 59

2.3.4. Experimental evaluation of GRIN lenses 60

2.4. Conclusion 62

CHAPTER 3. Towards Transform Optics Based Devices 63

3.1. Context 63

3.2. From transform Optics to Hamiltonian optics 64

3.2.1. Transform Optics 64

3.2.2. Conformal mapping 69

3.2.3. Hamiltonian optics 70

3.3. 1D graded photonic crystals 72

3.3.1. D graded photonic crystals 75

3.4. Cloaking devices 78

3.4.1. A brief overview of optical cloaking 79

3.4.2. A III-V based photonic crystal carpet: design and fabrication 81

3.4.3. A III-V based photonic crystal carpet: evaluation and discussion 83

3.5. Conclusion 85

CONCLUSION 87

BIBLIOGRAPHY 91

INDEX 105

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