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Structural Dynamic Analysis with Generalized Damping Models: Identification

ISBN: 978-1-84821-670-9
247 pages
November 2013, Wiley-ISTE
Structural Dynamic Analysis with Generalized Damping Models: Identification (184821670X) cover image


Since Lord Rayleigh introduced the idea of viscous damping in his classic work "The Theory of Sound" in 1877, it has become standard practice to use this approach in dynamics, covering a wide range of applications from aerospace to civil engineering. However, in the majority of practical cases this approach is adopted more for mathematical convenience than for modeling the physics of vibration damping.
Over the past decade, extensive research has been undertaken on more general “non-viscous” damping models and vibration of non-viscously damped systems. This book, along with a related book Structural Dynamic Analysis with Generalized Damping Models: Analysis, is the first comprehensive study to cover vibration problems with general non-viscous damping. The author draws on his considerable research experience to produce a text covering: parametric senistivity of damped systems; identification of viscous damping; identification of non-viscous damping; and some tools for the quanitification of damping. The book is written from a vibration theory standpoint, with numerous worked examples which are relevant across a wide range of mechanical, aerospace and structural engineering applications.


1. Parametric Sensitivity of Damped Systems.
2. Identification of Viscous Damping.
3. Identification of Non-viscous Damping.
4. Quantification of Damping.

About the Authors

Sondipon Adhikari is Chair Professor of Aerospace Engineering at Swansea University, Wales. His wide-ranging and multi-disciplinary research interests include uncertainty quantification in computational mechanics, bio- and nanomechanics, dynamics of complex systems, inverse problems for linear and nonlinear dynamics, and renewable energy. He is a technical reviewer of 97 international journals, 18 conferences and 13 funding bodies.He has written over 180 refereed journal papers, 120 refereed conference papers and has authored or co-authored 15 book chapters.

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Table of Contents

Preface  ix

Nomenclature  xiii

Chapter 1. Parametric Sensitivity of Damped Systems  1

1.1. Parametric sensitivity of undamped systems   2

1.1.1. Sensitivity of the eigenvalues 2

1.1.2. Sensitivity of the eigenvectors    3

1.2. Parametric sensitivity of viscously damped systems 5

1.2.1. Sensitivity of the eigenvalues 6

1.2.2. Sensitivity of the eigenvectors    9

1.3. Parametric sensitivity of non-viscously damped systems 22

1.3.1. Sensitivity of the eigenvalues 23

1.3.2. Sensitivity of the eigenvectors    25

1.4. Summary   41

Chapter 2. Identification of Viscous Damping 43

2.1. Identification of proportional viscous damping   44

2.1.1. Damping identification using generalized proportional damping  45

2.1.2. Error propagation in the damping identification method   48

2.1.3. Numerical examples 49

2.1.4. Experimental results 51

2.1.5. Synopsis  67

2.2. Identification of non-proportional viscous damping 69

2.2.1. The theory of damping identification 71

2.2.2. Numerical examples 75

2.2.3. Error analysis 88

2.2.4. Synopsis  90

2.3. Symmetry-preserving damping identification 91

2.3.1. The theory of symmetric damping matrix identification   91

2.3.2. Numerical examples 97

2.3.3. Synopsis  104

2.4. Direct identification of the damping matrix   104

2.4.1. The modified Lancaster’s method 105

2.4.2. Numerical examples 111

2.4.3. Synopsis  117

2.5. Summary   118

Chapter 3. Identification of Non-viscous Damping 121

3.1. Identification of exponential non-viscous damping model   123

3.1.1. Background of complex modes    123

3.1.2. Fitting of the relaxation parameter 125

3.1.3. Fitting of the coefficient matrix    140

3.1.4. Synopsis  149

3.2. Symmetry preserving non-viscous damping identification   151

3.2.1. Theory 151

3.2.2. Numerical examples 155

3.2.3. Synopsis  159

3.3. Direct identification of non-viscous damping 160

3.3.1. Lancaster’s method for non-viscously damped systems   161

3.3.2. Numerical examples 165

3.3.3. Synopsis  167

3.4. Summary   168

Chapter 4. Quantification of Damping  169

4.1. Quantification of non-proportional damping   169

4.1.1. Optimal normalization of complex modes   171

4.1.2. An index of non-proportionality 182

4.1.3. Alternative normalization methods 187

4.1.4. Synopsis  193

4.2. Quantification of non-viscous damping 193

4.2.1. Non-viscosity indices 195

4.2.2. Numerical examples 203

4.2.3. Error analysis  208

4.2.4. Synopsis  211

4.3. Summary   211

Bibliography 213

Author Index 243

Index 245

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Author Information

Sara J. Wilkinson is Associate Professor of Property and Construction at the University of
Technology, Sydney, Australia

Hilde Remøy is Assistant Professor of Real Estate Management at Delft University of
Technology, The Netherlands

Craig Langston is Professor of Construction and Facilities Management at Bond University,
Queensland, Australia
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