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Aeronautical Air-Ground Data Link Communications

ISBN: 978-1-84821-741-6
150 pages
December 2014, Wiley-ISTE
Aeronautical Air-Ground Data Link Communications (1848217412) cover image

Description

This book deals with air-ground aeronautical communications. The main goal is to give the reader a survey of the currently deployed, emerging and future communications systems dedicated to digital data communications between the aircraft and the ground, namely the data link. Those communication systems show specific properties relatively to those commonly used for terrestrial communications. In this book, the system architectures are more specifically considered from the access to the application layers as radio and physical functionalities have already been addressed in detail in others books.

The first part is an introduction to aeronautical communications, their specific concepts, properties, requirements and terminology. The second part presents the currently used systems for air ground communications in continental and oceanic area. The third part enlightens the reader on the emerging and future communication systems and some leading research projects focused on this scope. Finally, before the conclusion, the fourth part gives several main challenges and research directions currently under investigation.

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Table of Contents

FOREWORD ix

INTRODUCTION xiii

CHAPTER 1. CURRENT COMMUNICATION RADIO SYSTEMS FOR DATA LINK 1

1.1. History and definition 1

1.1.1. From voice to data link 1

1.1.2. Communication traffic classes 3

1.1.3. Main actors and organizations 5

1.2. Systems architecture 8

1.2.1. ACARS 8

1.2.2. FANS 1/A 11

1.2.3. ATN baseline 1 and FANS 2/B 13

1.3. Radio subnetworks for air–ground communications 21

1.3.1. Radio resource management 21

1.3.2. VHF communications 25

1.3.3. SATCOM 34

1.3.4. HF communications 44

CHAPTER 2. EMERGING AND FUTURE COMMUNICATION RADIO SYSTEMS FOR DATA LINK 49

2.1. Data link related research projects 49

2.1.1. Topics of interest 49

2.1.2. European project: SESAR 52

2.1.3. North American project: NextGen 55

2.1.4. Designing emerging communication systems for data link (for both SESAR WP and NextGen technologies) 56

2.2. Emerging communication systems 57

2.2.1. Integrated end-to-end communication architecture 57

2.2.2. Future aeronautical communication systems 59

CHAPTER 3. CHALLENGES AND RESEARCH DIRECTIONS 79

3.1. Sharing information: the SWIM concept 79

3.1.1. Why does ATM need SWIM? 79

3.1.2. SWIM principles 81

3.1.3. SWIM technical components 81

3.2. Multilink operational concept 83

3.2.1. Multilink operational concept requirements 83

3.2.2. Vertical handover in MLOC 84

3.3. IP mobility 87

3.3.1. IP mobility requirements for the FCI 88

3.3.2. IP mobility candidate solutions 88

3.3.3. IP mobility: open issues 89

3.4. Traffic segregation 90

3.4.1. Context 90

3.4.2. Traffic segregation and priority management strategies 91

3.4.3. Certification issues for multiplexing solutions (from a safety point of view) 93

3.5. Aeronautical network communications security 94

3.5.1. Levels of deployment for security mechanisms 95

3.5.2. Security controls coordination 98

3.6. Future aeronautical communication means: AANET (Aeronautical Ad Hoc Network) 100

3.6.1. AANET-based air/ground communications 100

3.6.2. AANET principles and properties 101

3.6.3. AANET access layer considerations 104

3.6.4. AANET communications performances 106

CONCLUSION 109

APPENDIX 113

BIBLIOGRAPHY 121

INDEX 127

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