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Space Strategy

ISBN: 978-1-84821-997-7
496 pages
May 2017, Wiley-ISTE
Space Strategy (1848219970) cover image


Strategy is the art of thinking about war before it occurs. Noting that space already plays a role in all of today’s wars, Space Strategy studies how conflicts are extending into this new domain. The book defines extra-atmospheric space and focuses on its varying features and constraints. By exploring the opportunities for action provided by different strategic positions, the book analyzes the most plausible combat scenarios from, against and within space. It explains the concepts of militarization, weaponization and martialization of space and shows how space systems constitute an essential component of information literacy – the key to power in the 21st Century.
Space Strategy then demonstrates why our society, having become space-dependent, must take appropriate measures to develop its spatioresilience. Finally, the author summarizes his reflections in the form of a mnemonic listing twelve principles of space strategy.
Completed by educational appendices and a glossary containing one thousand entries, Space Strategy meets the needs of students, researchers or any other reader curious about expanding their knowledge of strategy.


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Table of Contents

Foreword ix
General Jean-Loup CHRÉTIEN

Preface xiii
General Jean-Paul PALOMÉROS

Notice to Readers xv

Acknowledgements xix

Introduction xxv

Chapter 1. Space Strategy: From Words to Actions 1

1.1. Geostrategy of space and space strategy 1

1.2. Principles and methods to the systemic analysis approach 6

1.3. Debris, laser and spaceplane 10

1.4. Conclusion 14

Chapter 2. Strategic Space: What Are the Limits? 17

2.1. Physical limits of outer space 17

2.2. Functional limits of space and outer space 26

2.3. Judicial limit of outer space 36

2.4. Conclusion 41

Chapter 3. How Can We Reach Space and Then Act Within It? 43

3.1. Piercing the gravitational opacity 43

3.1.1. How to reach space? 44

3.1.2. What are the trajectories followed by spatial vehicles? 47

3.1.3. How to navigate in space? 50

3.2. Utilizing physical and radioelectric radiation 52

3.3. Space positions worth occupying or controlling 57

3.4. Conclusion 72

Chapter 4. Space: What Are the Strategic Stakes? 73

4.1. Centripetal force of terrestrial strategic stakes 74

4.2. Centrifugal weakness of an autonomous strategic space factor 79

4.3. Space as strategic vector of information dominance 86

4.4. Conclusion 93

Chapter 5. Fighting Against Earth from Space? 97

5.1. Militarized space: global support 99

5.2. Weaponized space: celestial offensive 106

5.3. “Martialized” space: the alternative way 112

5.4. Conclusion 116

Chapter 6. Fighting Against Space from Earth? 121

6.1. Space situational awareness 123

6.2. Whoever controls the low ground controls the high ground 128

6.3. Space and nuclear: deterred deterrence? 134

6.4. Conclusion 139

Chapter 7. Combat within Space? 141

7.1. Small Earth space strategy 142

7.2. Strategic expansion of aerospace 155

7.3. The great lunar and Lagrangian strategy 161

7.4. Conclusion 172

Chapter 8. Twelve Principles of Space Strategy 175

8.1. The four “preliminary principles” of space strategy 176

8.1.1. Know what is happening in space 177

8.1.2. Elicit a sense of wonder turned toward the stars 180

8.1.3. Inform and train 182

8.1.4. Invest in the long term 185

8.2. The four “cardinal principles” of space strategy 188

8.2.1. Access space autonomously 189

8.2.2. Protect or attack the low ground to defend or defeat the high ground 193

8.2.3. Neutralize without destroying 198

8.2.4. Recreate the fog of war to one’s advantage 199

8.3. The four “complementary principles” of space strategy 202

8.3.1. Take advantage of the specificities of space 203

8.3.2. Promote and protect non-physical lines of communications 205

8.3.3. Develop space resilience 207

8.3.4. Contribute to the global strategy 211

8.4. Conclusion 214

Chapter 9. Moving Beyond Space Strategy 215

9.1. The four “i”s: indispensable, invisible, imaginary, inescapable 218

9.2. Space warrant to and part of mankind’s global commons. 225

9.3. Space: platform for irenology 229

9.4. Conclusion 232

Conclusion 235

Postface 241
General Patrick de ROUSIERS

Appendix 1. Physical Limits of Outer Space 243

Appendix 2. Kepler's Laws 269

Appendix 3. Space Laws 273

Appendix 4. Excerpt from the Report of the Legal Subcommittee of UN OOSA on Its Fifty-Fourth Session – Held in Vienna from April 13–27, 2015 277

Appendix 5. Detailed Description of “Two-Line Element (TLE)” Orbital Parameters 285

Appendix 6. “We Choose to Go to the Moon” 289

How to Use This Glossary 295

Glossary 301

Bibliography 453

Main Internet Sites 455

Index 459

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