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Guide: Prospective Financial Information

ISBN: 978-1-937351-85-4
272 pages
May 2017
Guide: Prospective Financial Information  (1937351858) cover image

Description

Ensure you have the most current authoritative guidance related to Prospective Financial Information.

AICPA Audit & Accounting Guides are developed and updated to provide guidance and discussions specific to current industry developments and trends. The 2012 Prospective Financial Information Guide provides information for entities that prepare prospective financial information, as well as practitioners who compile, examine and perform other agreed upon procedures on prospective financial information.

This AICPA Guide has been fully conformed to reflect the new standards resulting from the Clarity Project. Fully incorporating the clarified auditing standards into this year’s edition of the guide enables auditors to further their understanding of these recently issued auditing standards, as well as begin updating their audit methodologies, resources, and tools prior to the clarified auditing standards’ effective date. Additionally, this approach gives auditors the opportunity to review and understand the changes made by their third-party audit methodology and resource providers, if applicable. The clarified auditing standards are effective for audits of financial statements for periods ending on or after December 15, 2012 (calendar year 2012 audits).

This guide includes relevant guidance contained in applicable standards and other technical sources. Illustrative engagement letters, representation letters and sample reports are also included. The appendixes include excerpts from the SEC rules regarding financial projections and IRS regulations regarding tax shelter opinions. All content is reviewed by industry experts and the appropriate AICPA senior committee.

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Table of Contents

Part 1 General Guidance Regarding Prospective Financial Information

1 Introduction .01- .14

Structure of the Guide  .06- .07

Relationship to Other Literature .08- .13

Effective Date  .14

2 Scope .01- .10

Presentations  .01- .03

Practitioners’ Services . .04- .10

3 Definitions .01- .16

4 Types of Prospective Financial Information and Their Uses .01- .09

5 Responsibility for Prospective Financial Information .01- .05

Part 2 Guidance for Entities That Issue Prospective Financial Statements

6 Preparation Guidelines .01- .46

7 Reasonably Objective Basis .01- .41

8 Presentation Guidelines .01- .51

Uses of a Financial Forecast  .02- .02P

Responsibility for Financial Forecasts  .03- .04

Title .05- .05P

Format . .06- .10

Date  .11

Accounting Principles and Policies .12- .16

Materiality .17

Presentation of Amounts  .18- .21

Assumptions .22- .31

Period to Be Covered .32- .43

Disclosures at the End of the Forecast Period .35- .39

Disclosures About Periods Beyond the Forecast Period .40- .43

Chapter Paragraph 8 Presentation Guidelines—continued

Distinguishing From Historical Financial Statements .44- .45

Correction and Updating of a Financial Forecast .46- .51

9 Illustrative Prospective Financial Statements .01- .05

Part 3 Guidance for Practitioners Who Provide Services on Prospective Financial Statements

10 Types of Practitioners’ Services .01- .32

Reporting Considerations .11- .13

Reasonably Objective Basis for Presentation .14- .15

Change in Engagement to a Lower Level of Service .16- .18

A Practitioner’s Responsibility for a Financial Forecast That Contains Disclosures About Periods Beyond the Forecast Period .19

A Practitioner’s Responsibility If a Financial Forecast Is Included in a Document Containing Historical Financial Statements .20- .23

Practitioner-Submitted Documents .20

Client-Prepared Documents .21- .23

Other Information in a Client-Prepared Document Containing a Financial Forecast .24- .31

Materiality .32

11 Tax Shelter Opinions .01- .10

12 Compilation Procedures .01- .13

Materiality .05

Training and Proficiency . .06

Planning a Compilation Engagement . .07- .10

Compilation Procedures .11

Documentation .12- .13

13 Illustrative Engagement and Representation Letters for a Compilation .01- .04

Engagement Letter .01- .01P

Representation Letter .02- .04

14 The Practitioner’s Compilation Report .01- .18

Modifications of the Standard Compilation Report . .09- .13

Presentation Deficiencies or Omitted Disclosures .09- .11

Chapter Paragraph 14 The Practitioner’s Compilation Report—continued Reporting on Information Accompanying a Financial Forecast in a Practitioner-Submitted Document .12- .13

Other Reporting Examples .14- .18

Reporting on a Financial Forecast That Includes a Projected Sale of an Entity’s Real Estate Investment at the End of the Forecast Period  .16

Reporting If the Financial Forecast Includes Disclosures About Periods Beyond the Forecast Period .17- .18

15 Examination Procedures .01- .54P

Materiality .05

Training and Proficiency  .06- .07

Planning an Examination Engagement .08- .11

Examination Procedures .12- .40

The Responsible Party’s Experience in Preparing Financial Forecasts .15

Prospective Period .16- .17

Process by Which the Responsible Party Develops Its Financial Forecasts .18- .19

Procedures to Evaluate Assumptions .20- .20P

Development of Assumptions . .21- .22

Support for Assumptions .23- .31

Support for Tax Assumptions  .32- .34

Evaluating Preparation and Presentation .35- .38P

Using theWork of a Specialist  .39

Assumptions Dependent on the Actions of Users  .40

Documentation .41- .48

Illustrative Examination Procedures . .49- .54P

16 Illustrative Engagement and Representation Letters for an Examination .01- .04

Engagement Letter .01- .01P

Representation Letter .02- .04

17 The Practitioner’s Examination Report .01- .28

Modifications to the Practitioner’s Opinion .06- .15

Other Modifications to the Standard Examination Report .16- .28

Reporting on a Financial Forecast That Includes a Projected Sale of an Entity’s Real Estate Investment at the End of the Forecast Period  .20

Chapter Paragraph 17 The Practitioner’s Examination Report—continued Reporting If the Financial Forecast Includes Disclosures About Periods Beyond the Forecast Period .21- .22

Reporting on Information Accompanying a Financial Forecast in a Practitioner-Submitted Document .23- .25

Reporting If the Examination Is Part of a Larger Engagement .26- .27

Lack of Independence  .28

18 Considerations for the Practitioner Reporting on an Examination of a Financial Forecast Contained in a Public Offering Statement .01- .10

Procedures Between the Date of the Practitioner’s Report and Effective Date in 1933 Act Filings .02- .05

The Practitioner’s Consent .06- .08

Experts Section of 1933 Act Filings .09

Description of Additional Procedures and Comfort Letters .10

19 Application of Agreed-Upon Procedures .01- .29

Engagement Letter .05

Procedures to Be Performed .06- .10

Documentation .11- .18

Representation Letter .19- .20

Involvement of a Specialist .21- .23

Adding Parties as Specified Parties (Nonparticipant Parties) .24

Change to an Agreed-Upon Procedures Engagement From Another Form of Engagement .25- .29

20 Illustrative Engagement and Representation Letters for Agreed-Upon Procedures Engagements .01- .04

Engagement Letter .01- .01P

Representation Letter .02- .04

21 The Practitioner’s Report on the Results of Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures .01- .09

Findings .02- .05

Explanatory Language .06

Dating of Report .07

Restrictions on the Performance of Procedures .08

Knowledge of Matters Outside Agreed-Upon Procedures .09

22 Guidance on the Practitioner’s Services and Reports on Prospective Financial Statements for Internal Use Only .01- .09

Procedures .03- .04

Reporting .05- .09

Part 4 Guidance for Practitioners Who Provide Services on Partial Presentations of Prospective Financial Information

23 Partial Presentations of Prospective Financial Information .01- .24

Uses of Partial Presentations .03- .04

Preparation and Presentation of Partial Presentations .05- .15P

Practitioner’s Involvement With Partial Presentations .16- .24

Compilation and Examination Procedures .20

Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures to Partial Presentations .21

Standard Practitioner’s Compilation, Examination, and Agreed-Upon Procedures Reports .22- .24

Appendix A SEC Policy on Projections

B SEC Safe Harbor Rule for Projections

C IRS Regulations Regarding Tax Shelter Opinions (Circular 230)

D Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995

E Schedule of Changes Made to the Text From the Previous Edition

Index

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Author Information

Founded in 1887, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) represents the CPA and accounting profession nationally and globally regarding rule-making and standard-setting, and serves as an advocate before legislative bodies, public interest groups and other professional organizations. The AICPA develops standards for audits of private companies and other services by CPAs; provides educational guidance materials to its members; develops and grades the Uniform CPA Examination; and monitors and enforces compliance with the accounting profession’s technical and ethical standards.

The AICPA’s founding established accountancy as a profession distinguished by rigorous educational requirements, high professional standards, a strict code of professional ethics, a licensing status and a commitment to serving the public interest.

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