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Ceramics Science and Technology, Volume 1, Structures

Ralf Riedel (Editor), I-Wei Chen (Editor)
ISBN: 978-3-527-31155-2
612 pages
March 2008
Ceramics Science and Technology, Volume 1, Structures (3527311556) cover image
Although ceramics have been known to mankind literally for millennia, research has never ceased. Apart from the classic uses as a bulk material in pottery, construction, and decoration, the latter half of the twentieth century saw an explosive growth of application fields, such as electrical and thermal insulators, wear-resistant bearings, surface coatings, lightweight armour, or aerospace materials. In addition to plain, hard solids, modern ceramics come in many new guises such as fabrics, ultrathin films, microstructures and hybrid composites.

Built on the solid foundations laid down by the 20-volume series Materials Science and Technology, Ceramics Science and Technology picks out this exciting material class and illuminates it from all sides.

Materials scientists, engineers, chemists, biochemists, physicists and medical researchers alike will find this work a treasure trove for a wide range of ceramics knowledge from theory and fundamentals to practical approaches and problem solutions.

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Preface.

Dedication.

List of Contributors.

I Introduction.

1 Modern Trends in Advanced Ceramics (Ralf Riedel, Emanuel Ionescu, and I.-Wei Chen).

1.1 Advanced Ceramics.

1.2 Conventional Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Ceramics.

1.3 Molecular Routes for the Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Ceramics.

1.4 Methods for Characterization of Advanced Ceramic Materials.

1.5 Applications of Advanced Ceramics.

1.6 Outlook.

II Structure of Ceramic Materials: Atomic Level.

2 Modeling Amorphous Ceramic Structures (Peter Kroll).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Computational Approach.

2.3 Results.

2.4 Summary and Conclusions.

3 Structural Chemistry of Ceramics (Rainer Pöttgen, Hubert Huppertz, and Rolf-Dieter Hoffmann).

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Crystal Chemistry of Binary Oxides.

3.3 Complex Oxide Structures.

3.4 Nitrides and Related Materials.

4 Diffusion in Ceramics (Günter Borchardt, Karsten Gömann, Martin Kilo, and Harald Schmidt).

4.1 General Introduction.

4.2 Simple Oxides.

4.3 Diffusion in Complex Oxides.

4.4 Diffusion in Non-Oxide Ceramics.

5 Structures of Ceramic Materials: Thermodynamics and Constitution (Matsvei Zinkevich and Fritz Aldinger)

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Experimental Phase Studies.

5.3 Methods of Computational Thermodynamics.

5.4 Case Studies.

III Structures of Ceramic Materials: Microstructural Level.

6 Microstructural Design of Ceramics: Theory and Experiment (Gayle S. Painter and Paul F. Becher).

6.1 Overview.

6.2 An Introduction to Ceramics.

6.3 Determinants of Ceramic Microstructure.

6.4 Factors in Microstructural Design.

6.5 Amorphous Phases in Ceramics.

6.6 Silicon Nitride Ceramics: A Model System.

6.7 Theory and Modeling of Ceramics.

6.8 A Case Study in Theory and Modeling: Intergranular Films in Silicon Nitride

6.9 Outlook.

7 Mesoscopic Ceramic Structures in One, Two,  and Three Dimensions (Jörg J. Schneider and Jörg Engstler).

7.1 Ceramics at the Mesoscale.

7.2 Synthetic Routes to Mesoscaled Ceramic Structures.

7.3 One-Dimensional (1-D) Ceramic Structures.

7.4 Two-Dimensional (2-D) Ceramic Structures.

7.5 Three-Dimensional (3-D) Ceramic Structures.

8 Bulk Ceramic Nanostructures (Pavol S4ajgalík, Ján Dusza, Zoltán Lenc4és4, Miroslav Hnatko, Dusan Galusek, and Katarina Ghillányová).

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Materials and Related Nanocomposites.

8.3 Formation of Nanoinclusions.

8.4 Materials Preparation.

8.5 Properties of Ceramic Nanocomposites.

8.6 High-Temperature Properties.

8.7 Electrical Properties.

9 Glass Ceramics: Silica- and Alumina-Based (Christian Rüssel).

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Theory of Nucleation and Crystal Growth.

9.3 Glass Ceramics with Low Thermal Expansion Coefficients.

9.4 Glass Ceramics for Mechanical Applications.

9.5 Bioglass Ceramics.

9.6 Oriented Glass Ceramics.

9.7 Nano Glass Ceramics.

10 Cellular Structures (Paolo Colombo and Enrico Bernardo).

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Structure.

10.3 Properties.

10.4 Fabrication Methods.

10.5 Applications.

10.6 Summary.

11 Ceramic Thin Films (Theodor Schneller, Subhasish B. Majumder, and Rainer Waser)

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Fundamentals of the Chemical Solution Deposition Process.

11.3 Structure–Property Relationships.

11.4 The Application of CSD-Derived Ceramic Films.

11.5 Conclusions.

12 Multiphase Fiber Composites (Dietmar Koch, Ralf Knoche, and Georg Grathwohl)

12.1 Introductory Remarks.

12.2 Fibers for Ceramic Composites.

12.3 Processes to Fabricate Ceramic Fiber Composites.

12.4 Non-Brittle Composites and Associated Mechanisms.

12.5 Properties of Ceramic Fiber Composites.

12.6 Applications of Ceramic Fiber Composites.

Index.

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Ralf Riedel has been a professor at the Institute of Materials Science of Darmstadt University of Technology since 1993. He received his degree in chemistry in 1984, followed by two years of dissertation work with Professor Ekkehard Fluck at the University of Stuttgart. After postdoctoral research at the Max-Planck Institute for Metals Research and the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Stuttgart, he gained his lecturing qualification in the field of inorganic chemistry in 1992. He is a member of the World Academy of Ceramics and Guest Professor at the Jiangsu University in Zhenjiang, China, a Fellow of the American Ceramic Society and a recipient of the Dionyz Stur Gold Medal for merits in natural sciences. In 2006 he received an honorary doctorate from the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia. Professor Riedel has published more than 300 papers and patents and is widely known for his research in the field of polymer derived ceramics and on ultra high pressure synthesis of new materials.

I-Wei Chen is currently Skirkanich Professor of Materials Innovation at the University of Pennsylvania, USA, where he also gained his master's degree in 1975. He received his bachelor's degree in physics from Tsinghua University, China, in 1972, and earned his doctorate in metallurgy from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1980. His main research interests are in the fields of materials science of electronic and structural ceramics, including their thin films, heterostructures, and composites, as well as materials design, synthesis, testing and modeling.

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"This book will be a great tool…it will serve as an excellent reference source…" (Journal of Metals, August 21, 2008)
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by Ralf Riedel (Editor), I-Wei Chen (Editor)
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