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Membrane Technology, Volume 4: Membranes for Water Treatment

ISBN: 978-3-527-31483-6
251 pages
March 2010
Membrane Technology, Volume 4: Membranes for Water Treatment (3527314830) cover image

Description

This ready reference on Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment, is an invaluable source detailing sustainable, emerging processes, to provide clean, energy saving and cost effective alternatives to conventional processes. The editors are internationally renowned leaders in the field, who have put together a first-class team of authors from academia and industry to present a highly approach to the subject.

The book is an instrumental tool for Process Engineers, Chemical Engineers, Process Control Technicians, Water Chemists, Environmental Chemists, Materials Scientists and Patent Lawyers.
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Table of Contents

Preface
FUNDAMENTALS OF FOULING
Introduction
Concentration Boundary Layer
Modeling Ultrafiltration in the Absence of Fouling
Modeling Membrane Filtration in the Presence of Fouling
Fouling Overview: its Nature and Key Influences
Modeling of Fouling
Prevention and Reduction of Fouling
Reverse Osmosis and Fouling
Fouling in Ultrafiltration and Microfiltration
Fouling in Pervaporation and Gas Separation
Concluding Remarks
BIOFOULING IN MEMBRANE SYSTEMS
Introduction
Biofouling: Definition, Formation, and Impact on Membrane Performance
Assessment, Visualization, and Monitoring
Strategies for Controlling Biofouling
Future Developments and Conclusion
CURRENT AND EMERGING MEMBRANE PROCESSES FOR WATER TREATMENT
Introduction
Global Assessment and Forecast of the Water Treatment Membrane Market
Membrane Products and Processes
Membrane Fouling
Membrane Process Integration in Water Treatment
Conclusions
INTEGRATED MEMBRANE SYSTEMS FOR DESALINATION
Introduction
Process Intensification Strategy
Potential of Membrane Processes in Desalination Schemes
Integrated Membrane Systems for Water Treatment
Cost Analysis
Conclusions
SEAWATER AND BRACKISH-WATER DESALINATION WITH MEMBRANE OPERATIONS
Introduction: The Need for Water
Membrane Techniques in Water Treatment
Reverse-Osmosis Desalination: Process and Costs
Treatment of Sewage and Polluted Water
Fouling and Prevention
R&D Directions
Summary
WATER TREATMENT IN THE PULP AND PAPER INDUSTRY
Introduction
Process Waters and Effluents in the Pulp and Paper Industry
Important Membrane Characteristics
Operational Parameters Affecting Filtration Efficiency
Examples of Industrial Applications
Purfication of Freshwater
Concentrate Treatment and Disposal
Research Trends and Future
MEMBRANE BIOREACTORS
Introduction
Membranes in Wastewater Treatment
Membrane Bioreactor Configurations
Commercialization of the MBR Process
Summary

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Author Information

K.-V. Peinemann is Principal Reserch Scientist at the Membranes Research Center of KAUST, Saudi Arabia and is honorary Professor at the University of Hanover. He has worked in the field of membrane science and technology for almost 30 years. He was researcher at MTR, USA and almost 20 years Head of the Department of Membrane Development at GKSS, Germany. He has published 75 papers in international journals, holds 20 membrane related patents, has been responsible for the organization of numerous international workshops, From 2002 to 2004, Professor Peinemann served as the President of the European Membrane Society and he is a co-founder of the membrane company GMT Membrantechnik in Rheinfelden, Germany.

S. P. Nunes is Principal Reserch Scientist at the Membranes Research Center of KAUST, Saudi Arabia. She was Associate Professor at the University of Campinas, Brazil, Humboldt fellow at the University of Mainz, Head of Department of Membranes for Energy at GKSS, Germany. She has been working on the development of polymeric materials for almost 30 years, and has authored over 100 papers in international journals. She has coordinated European and German projects on membranes for fuel cell and on training of young scientists in the membrane field, organizing several international workshops and summer schools.
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