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Modern Drying Technology, Volume 2, Experimental Techniques

ISBN: 978-3-527-31557-4
412 pages
February 2009
Modern Drying Technology, Volume 2, Experimental Techniques (3527315578) cover image

Description

The five-volume series provides a comprehensive overview of all important aspects of drying technology like computational tools at different scales (Volume 1), modern experimental and analytical techniques (Volume 2), product quality and formulation (Volume 3), energy savings (Volume 4) and process intensification (Volume 5).

Based on high-level cutting-edge results contributed by internationally recognized experts in the various treated fields, this book series is the ultimate reference in the area of industrial drying. Located at the intersection of the two main approaches in modern chemical engineering, product engineering and process systems engineering, the series aims at bringing theory into practice in order to improve the quality of high-value dried products, save energy, and cut the costs of drying processes.

Volume 2 comprises experimental methods used in various industries and in research in order to design and control drying processes, measure moisture and moisture distributions, characterize particulate material and the internal micro-structure of dried products, and investigate the behavior of particle systems in drying equipment. Key topics include acoustic levitation, near-infrared spectral imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, X-ray tomography, and positron emission tracking.

 



Other Volumes and Sets:

Volume 1 - Modern Drying Technology, Computational Tools at Different Scales

Volume 1: Diverse model types for the drying of products and the design of drying processes (short-cut methods, homogenized, pore network, and continuous thermo-mechanical approaches) are treated, along with computational fluid dynamics, population balances, and process systems simulation tools. Emphasis is put on scale transitions.

 

Volume 3 - Modern Drying Technology: Product Quality and Formulation

Volume 3: Discusses how desired properties of foods, biomaterials, active pharmaceutical ingredients, and fragile aerogels can be preserved during drying, and how spray drying and spray fluidized bed processes can be used for particle formation and formulation. Methods for monitoring product quality, such as process analytical technology, and modeling tools, such as Monte Carlo simulations, discrete particle modeling and neural networks, are presented with real examples from industry and academia.

 

Volume 4 - Modern Drying Technology: Energy Savings

Volume 4: Deals with the reduction of energy demand in various drying processes and areas, highlighting the following topics: Energy analysis of dryers, efficient solid-liquid separation techniques, osmotic dehydration, heat pump assisted drying, zeolite usage, solar drying, drying and heat treatment for solid wood and other biomass sources, and sludge thermal processing.



Volume 5 - Process Intensification

Volume 5: Dedicated to process intensification by more efficient distribution and flow of the drying medium, foaming, controlled freezing, and the application of superheated steam, infrared radiation, microwaves, power ultrasound and pulsed electric fields. Process efficiency is treated in conjunction with the quality of sensitive products, such as foods, for a variety of hybrid and combined drying processes.

 

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Also available in electronic formats.

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Table of Contents

Series Preface.

Preface of Volume 2.

List of Contributors.

Recommended Notation.

EFCE Working Party on Drying: Address List.

1 Measurement of Average Moisture Content and Drying Kinetics for Single Particles, Droplets and Dryers (Mirko Peglow, Thomas Metzger, Geoffrey Lee, Heiko Schiffter, Robert Hampel, Stefan Heinrich, and Evangelos Tsotsas).

1.1 Introduction and Overview.

1.2 Magnetic Suspension Balance.

1.3 Infrared Spectroscopy and Dew Point Measurement.

1.4 Coulometry and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.

1.5 Acoustic Levitation.

1.6 Concluding Remarks.

2 Near-Infrared Spectral Imaging for Visualization of Moisture Distribution in Foods (Mizuki Tsuta).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Principles of Near-Infrared Spectral Imaging.

2.3 Image Processing.

2.4 Applications of Near-Infrared Spectral Imaging for Visualization of Moisture Distribution.

2.5 Future Outlook.

3 Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Determination of Moisture Profiles and Drying Curves (Stig Stenström, Catherine Bonazzi, and Loïc Foucat).

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Principles of MRI for Determination of Moisture Profiles.

3.3 MRI Applications to Drying of Paper, Pulp and Wood Samples.

3.4 MRI Applications to Drying of Agricultural and Food Samples.

3.5 Conclusion.

4 Use of X-Ray Tomography for Drying-Related Applications (Angélique Léonard, Michel Crine, and Frantisek Stepanek).

4.1 Fundamentals and Principles.

4.2 Instrumentation.

4.3 Image Processing.

4.4 Applications.

4.5 Future Outlook.

5 Measuring Techniques for Particle Formulation Processes (Stefan Heinrich, Niels G. Deen, Mirko Peglow, Mike Adams, Johannes A.M. Kuipers, Evangelos Tsotsas, and Jonathan P.K. Seville).

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Measurement of Particle Size.

5.3 Measurement of Particle Concentrations, Velocities, and Hydrodynamic Stability.

5.4 Measurement of Mechanical Stability of Particles during Fluidized Bed Processing.

5.5 Characterization of the Mechanical Properties of Partially and Fully Saturated Wet Granular Media.

5.6 Conclusions.

6 Determination of Physical Properties of Fine Particles, Nanoparticles and Particle Beds (Werner Hintz, Sergiy Antonyuk, Wolfgang Schubert, Bernd Ebenau, Aimo Haack, and Jürgen Tomas).

6.1 Introduction to Common Particle Properties.

6.2 Analysis of Particle Size Distribution.

6.3 Measurement of the Physical Properties of Particles.

6.4 Testing of Particle Bed Properties.

6.5 Measurement of Particle Bed Movement in Rotary Drums by High-Speed Camera.

6.6 Conclusions.

References.

Index.

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Author Information

Professor Dr. Ing. Evangelos Tsotsas took over the Chair of Thermal Process engineering at Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg (Germany) in 1994. Prior to this, he was a Senior Process Specialist at the Dow Chemical Company. He has authored more than 150 papers in refereed journals and conference proceedings, and is the recipient of the Hosokawa Award for Innovation in Dyring Research. He serves in various functions in the German Research Foundation (DFG), the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the European Multiphase Systems Institute, the International Center of Heat and Mass Transfer and European and the German Working Party on Drying.

Professor Arun S. Mujumdar is Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the National University of Singapore and Adjunct Professor of Chemical Engineering at the McGill University, Canada. Prior to this, he was President and Principal Consultant of Exergex Corp., Canada. He has authored 2 books and over 60 book chapters, edited or co-edited over 50 books and journals, elected Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the Chemical Institute of Canada and the Institute of Chemical Enginerring, India. He was recently awarded Doctor Honoris Causa by the Technical University of Lodz, Poland.

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Reviews

“The book will be of particular interest to chemical engineers involved with unit operations.”  (The Catalyst, 1 April 2011)

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This Title is Part of the Following Set

by Evangelos Tsotsas (Editor), Arun S. Mujumdar (Editor)
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